Abstract

Two-photon-absorption coefficients are measured for fused silica, LiF, and the alkali earth halides BaF2, SrF2, CaF2, and MgF2, using 0.7-psec, 248-nm pulses with intensities in the range (0.5–30) × 1010 W/cm2. The consequences of these measurements in the design of high-brightness excimer lasers are discussed.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. H. Glownia, J. Misewich, P. P. Sorokin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1061 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. P. Roberts, A. J. Taylor, P. H. Y. Lee, R. B. Gibson, Opt. Lett. 13, 734 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Szatmari, F. P. Schafer, E. Muller-Horshe, W. Muckenheim, Opt. Commun. 63, 305 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Endoh, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 12, 906 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Liu, W. L. Smith, H. Lotem, J. H. Bechtel, N. Bloembergen, R. S. Adhav, Phys. Rev. B 17, 4620 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Liu, R. Yen, N. Bloembergen, Appl. Opt. 18, 1015 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. B. Corkum, R. S. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1962 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. V. Keldysh, Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307 (1965).
  9. W. H. Strelow, E. L. Cook, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 2, 163 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 398 (1988).
    [CrossRef]

1988 (2)

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Roberts, A. J. Taylor, P. H. Y. Lee, R. B. Gibson, Opt. Lett. 13, 734 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (3)

1982 (1)

P. B. Corkum, R. S. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1962 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1978 (1)

P. Liu, W. L. Smith, H. Lotem, J. H. Bechtel, N. Bloembergen, R. S. Adhav, Phys. Rev. B 17, 4620 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

W. H. Strelow, E. L. Cook, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 2, 163 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

L. V. Keldysh, Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307 (1965).

Adhav, R. S.

P. Liu, W. L. Smith, H. Lotem, J. H. Bechtel, N. Bloembergen, R. S. Adhav, Phys. Rev. B 17, 4620 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bado, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bechtel, J. H.

P. Liu, W. L. Smith, H. Lotem, J. H. Bechtel, N. Bloembergen, R. S. Adhav, Phys. Rev. B 17, 4620 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

P. Liu, R. Yen, N. Bloembergen, Appl. Opt. 18, 1015 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Liu, W. L. Smith, H. Lotem, J. H. Bechtel, N. Bloembergen, R. S. Adhav, Phys. Rev. B 17, 4620 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Cook, E. L.

W. H. Strelow, E. L. Cook, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 2, 163 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, R. S. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1962 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Endoh, A.

Gibson, R. B.

Glownia, J. H.

Keldysh, L. V.

L. V. Keldysh, Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307 (1965).

Lee, P. H. Y.

Liu, P.

P. Liu, R. Yen, N. Bloembergen, Appl. Opt. 18, 1015 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Liu, W. L. Smith, H. Lotem, J. H. Bechtel, N. Bloembergen, R. S. Adhav, Phys. Rev. B 17, 4620 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Lotem, H.

P. Liu, W. L. Smith, H. Lotem, J. H. Bechtel, N. Bloembergen, R. S. Adhav, Phys. Rev. B 17, 4620 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Maine, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Misewich, J.

Mourou, G.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Muckenheim, W.

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schafer, E. Muller-Horshe, W. Muckenheim, Opt. Commun. 63, 305 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Muller-Horshe, E.

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schafer, E. Muller-Horshe, W. Muckenheim, Opt. Commun. 63, 305 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Pessot, M.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, J. P.

Schafer, F. P.

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schafer, E. Muller-Horshe, W. Muckenheim, Opt. Commun. 63, 305 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Smith, W. L.

P. Liu, W. L. Smith, H. Lotem, J. H. Bechtel, N. Bloembergen, R. S. Adhav, Phys. Rev. B 17, 4620 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Sorokin, P. P.

Strelow, W. H.

W. H. Strelow, E. L. Cook, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 2, 163 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Szatmari, S.

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schafer, E. Muller-Horshe, W. Muckenheim, Opt. Commun. 63, 305 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

Taylor, R. S.

P. B. Corkum, R. S. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1962 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

Watanabe, S.

Yen, R.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. B. Corkum, R. S. Taylor, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1962 (1982).
[CrossRef]

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data (1)

W. H. Strelow, E. L. Cook, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 2, 163 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schafer, E. Muller-Horshe, W. Muckenheim, Opt. Commun. 63, 305 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. Liu, W. L. Smith, H. Lotem, J. H. Bechtel, N. Bloembergen, R. S. Adhav, Phys. Rev. B 17, 4620 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

L. V. Keldysh, Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307 (1965).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured values of T−1 versus Iil are plotted for fused silica (open circles) and BaF2 (filled circles). The solid curves are the best fit of the data to two-photon-absorption theory and yield β = 4.5 × 10−11 W/cm2 for fused silica and β = 1.1 × 10−10 W/cm2 for BaF2.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured values of T−1 versus Iil are plotted for MgF2 (closed circles) and LiF (filled circles). The solid curve represents an upper bound when the data are fitted as a two-photon-absorption process and the high-intensity points, where color-center formation occurs, are ignored.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity dependence of transmission (Iout/Iin versus Iin) through 1.27-cm-thick windows of CaF2 and fused silica.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Two-Photon-Absorption Coefficients at 248 nm

Equations (4)

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I out ( x , y , t ) = I i ( 1 - R ) 2 β l ( 1 - R ) I i + exp ( t / τ ) 2 .
T - 1 = π ( 1 - R ) 2 [ - d x α + exp ( x 2 ) ] - 1 .
d T - 1 d I i = β l 2 ( 1 - R )             ( α 1 ) .
B = τ out τ in = [ ln ( 2 + α ) ln ( 2 ) ] 1 / 2 .

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