Abstract

We have observed long-term storage and phase conjugation of multiple images by using a backward-stimulated echo scheme in the 3H43P0 transition of Pr3+:LaF3 crystal. The temporal order of the multiple-echo images is the reverse of that of the input images. Each of the echo images is a phase-conjugate replica of the input images and lasts as long as 15 sec. This constitutes, in principle, the first reported demonstration of an ultrafast holographic movie using a stimulated photon echo.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. K. Kim, R. Kachru, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 305 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. J. Weber, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 4774 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. S. Shiren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 299 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Fujita, H. Nakatsuka, H. Nakanishi, M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 974 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. W. Carlson, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 8, 623 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. C. AuYeung, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983), pp. 285–305.
  7. P. Saari, R. Koarli, A. Rebane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 527 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. W. Mossberg, R. Kachru, S. R. Hartmann, A. Flusberg, Phys. Rev. A 20, 1976 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. G. Anderson, R. L. Garwin, E. L. Hahn, J. W. Horton, G. L. Tucker, R. M. Walker, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1324 (1955).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 77 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Kohmoto, H. Nakatsuka, M. Matsuoka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, L571 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. M. Shelby, R. M. McFarlane, C. S. Yannoni, Phys. Rev. B 21, 5004 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

1984 (1)

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

N. W. Carlson, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 8, 623 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kohmoto, H. Nakatsuka, M. Matsuoka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, L571 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1980 (1)

R. M. Shelby, R. M. McFarlane, C. S. Yannoni, Phys. Rev. B 21, 5004 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (2)

T. W. Mossberg, R. Kachru, S. R. Hartmann, A. Flusberg, Phys. Rev. A 20, 1976 (1979).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujita, H. Nakatsuka, H. Nakanishi, M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 974 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

N. S. Shiren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 299 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

M. J. Weber, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 4774 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1955 (1)

A. G. Anderson, R. L. Garwin, E. L. Hahn, J. W. Horton, G. L. Tucker, R. M. Walker, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1324 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, A. G.

A. G. Anderson, R. L. Garwin, E. L. Hahn, J. W. Horton, G. L. Tucker, R. M. Walker, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1324 (1955).
[CrossRef]

AuYeung, J. C.

J. C. AuYeung, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983), pp. 285–305.

Babbitt, W. R.

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

N. W. Carlson, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 8, 623 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bai, Y. S.

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Carlson, N. W.

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

N. W. Carlson, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 8, 623 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flusberg, A.

T. W. Mossberg, R. Kachru, S. R. Hartmann, A. Flusberg, Phys. Rev. A 20, 1976 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, M.

M. Fujita, H. Nakatsuka, H. Nakanishi, M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 974 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Garwin, R. L.

A. G. Anderson, R. L. Garwin, E. L. Hahn, J. W. Horton, G. L. Tucker, R. M. Walker, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1324 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Hahn, E. L.

A. G. Anderson, R. L. Garwin, E. L. Hahn, J. W. Horton, G. L. Tucker, R. M. Walker, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1324 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, S. R.

T. W. Mossberg, R. Kachru, S. R. Hartmann, A. Flusberg, Phys. Rev. A 20, 1976 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Horton, J. W.

A. G. Anderson, R. L. Garwin, E. L. Hahn, J. W. Horton, G. L. Tucker, R. M. Walker, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1324 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Kachru, R.

M. K. Kim, R. Kachru, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 305 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Mossberg, R. Kachru, S. R. Hartmann, A. Flusberg, Phys. Rev. A 20, 1976 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. K.

Koarli, R.

Kohmoto, T.

T. Kohmoto, H. Nakatsuka, M. Matsuoka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, L571 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, M.

T. Kohmoto, H. Nakatsuka, M. Matsuoka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, L571 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujita, H. Nakatsuka, H. Nakanishi, M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 974 (1979).
[CrossRef]

McFarlane, R. M.

R. M. Shelby, R. M. McFarlane, C. S. Yannoni, Phys. Rev. B 21, 5004 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Mossberg, T. W.

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

N. W. Carlson, W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 8, 623 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 77 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Mossberg, R. Kachru, S. R. Hartmann, A. Flusberg, Phys. Rev. A 20, 1976 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Nakanishi, H.

M. Fujita, H. Nakatsuka, H. Nakanishi, M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 974 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, H.

T. Kohmoto, H. Nakatsuka, M. Matsuoka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, L571 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujita, H. Nakatsuka, H. Nakanishi, M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 974 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Rebane, A.

Saari, P.

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Shelby, R. M. McFarlane, C. S. Yannoni, Phys. Rev. B 21, 5004 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Shiren, N. S.

N. S. Shiren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 299 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, G. L.

A. G. Anderson, R. L. Garwin, E. L. Hahn, J. W. Horton, G. L. Tucker, R. M. Walker, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1324 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Walker, R. M.

A. G. Anderson, R. L. Garwin, E. L. Hahn, J. W. Horton, G. L. Tucker, R. M. Walker, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1324 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 4774 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Yannoni, C. S.

R. M. Shelby, R. M. McFarlane, C. S. Yannoni, Phys. Rev. B 21, 5004 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

N. S. Shiren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 299 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. G. Anderson, R. L. Garwin, E. L. Hahn, J. W. Horton, G. L. Tucker, R. M. Walker, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1324 (1955).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. J. Weber, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 4774 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Kohmoto, H. Nakatsuka, M. Matsuoka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, L571 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

T. W. Mossberg, R. Kachru, S. R. Hartmann, A. Flusberg, Phys. Rev. A 20, 1976 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. M. Shelby, R. M. McFarlane, C. S. Yannoni, Phys. Rev. B 21, 5004 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Fujita, H. Nakatsuka, H. Nakanishi, M. Matsuoka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 974 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. C. AuYeung, in Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983), pp. 285–305.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Oscilloscope trace of the excitation pulses and the echoes detected with a photodiode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of optics for the multiple-backward-stimulated echo experiment: PDL, YAG-pumped pulsed dye laser; DL's, White cell optical delay lines; BS's, beam splitters; BC, beam combiner; OB's, object masks; A, phase aberrator; S, 0.1 at. % Pr+3:LaF3 sample crystal; L1, L2, 30-cm lenses; PC, Pockels cell shutter arrangement; C, vidicon with OMA. Inset: phase-matching scheme of wave vectors.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phase-conjugate backward-stimulated echo images. (a), (b) Individual echo images e and e′ when only one of the input beams is open while the other is blocked. (c) The image when both beams are open. The delay time t32 = 53 nsec in (a)–(c). (d) Same as (c) for the longer delay time of t32 = 5 sec.

Equations (4)

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E i ( r ) exp [ i ( ω 0 t k i · r + ϕ i ( r ) ] + c . c . ,
E e ( r , t ) sin θ 1 ( r ) cos θ 1 , ( r ) sin θ 2 ( r ) sin θ 3 ( r ) × exp ( i ω 0 t ) exp i { ( k 1 + k 2 + k 3 ) · r + ϕ 2 ( r ) + ϕ 3 ( r ) ϕ 1 ( r ) Δ ω × [ t ( t 3 + t 21 ) ] } + cos θ 1 ( r ) sin θ 1 , × ( r ) sin θ 2 ( r ) sin θ 3 ( r ) exp ( i ω 0 t ) × exp { i ( k 1 , + k 2 + k 3 ) · r + ϕ 2 ( r ) + ϕ 3 ( r ) ϕ 1 , ( r ) Δ ω [ t ( t 3 + t 21 ) ] } .
t e = t 3 + t 21 .
n ˆ e = n ˆ 1 + n ˆ 2 + n ˆ 3 .

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