Abstract

We show that a metal–oxide–metal (Al-AlOx-Al) tunnel junction fabricated directly upon a planar ion-exchange glass waveguide can be used to detect the guided radiation through evanescent coupling. Carriers photogenerated in the electrode next to the guide can be internally photoemitted over the oxide barrier to generate a photocurrent. Because of the greater metallic absorption of TM-polarized modes, the process is polarization sensitive. 32-dB TM selectivity is achieved in a simple device.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. M. Garmire, H. Stoll, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 763 (1972).
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    [CrossRef]
  4. F. K. Reinhart, J. C. Shelton, R. A. Logan, B. W. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 237 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1987 (1)

J. B. D. Soole, H. P. Hughes, N. Apsley, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 2022 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

J. B. D. Soole, R. N. Lamb, H. P. Hughes, N. Apsley, Solid State Commun. 59, 609 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

F. K. Reinhart, J. C. Shelton, R. A. Logan, B. W. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 237 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1977 (2)

M. Masuda, A. Tanji, Y. Ando, J. Koyama, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 773 (1977).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Rollke, W. Sohler, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 141 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

H. F. Mahlein, Opt. Commun. 16, 420 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (2)

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kamiya, H. Yanai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 729 (1975).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Gundlach, J. Kadlec, Thin Solid Films 28, 107 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (3)

1973 (1)

1972 (3)

E. M. Garmire, H. Stoll, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 763 (1972).
[CrossRef]

T. Takano, J. Hamasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 206 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Y. Suematsu, M. Hakuta, K. Furuya, K. Chiba, R. Hasumi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ando, Y.

M. Masuda, A. Tanji, Y. Ando, J. Koyama, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 773 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, R. A.

Apsley, N.

J. B. D. Soole, H. P. Hughes, N. Apsley, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 2022 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. B. D. Soole, R. N. Lamb, H. P. Hughes, N. Apsley, Solid State Commun. 59, 609 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Chiba, K.

Y. Suematsu, M. Hakuta, K. Furuya, K. Chiba, R. Hasumi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Furuya, K.

Y. Suematsu, M. Hakuta, K. Furuya, K. Chiba, R. Hasumi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Garmire, E. M.

E. M. Garmire, H. Stoll, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 763 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Giallorenzi, T. G.

Ginther, R.

Gundlach, K. H.

K. H. Gundlach, J. Kadlec, Thin Solid Films 28, 107 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Hakuta, M.

Y. Suematsu, M. Hakuta, K. Furuya, K. Chiba, R. Hasumi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Hamasaki, J.

T. Takano, J. Hamasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 206 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Hasumi, R.

Y. Suematsu, M. Hakuta, K. Furuya, K. Chiba, R. Hasumi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, H. P.

J. B. D. Soole, H. P. Hughes, N. Apsley, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 2022 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. B. D. Soole, R. N. Lamb, H. P. Hughes, N. Apsley, Solid State Commun. 59, 609 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Izawa, T.

Kadlec, J.

K. H. Gundlach, J. Kadlec, Thin Solid Films 28, 107 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Kaminow, I. P.

Kamiya, T.

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kamiya, H. Yanai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 729 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Kirk, R.

Koyama, J.

M. Masuda, A. Tanji, Y. Ando, J. Koyama, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 773 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Lamb, R. N.

J. B. D. Soole, R. N. Lamb, H. P. Hughes, N. Apsley, Solid State Commun. 59, 609 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. W.

F. K. Reinhart, J. C. Shelton, R. A. Logan, B. W. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 237 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Logan, R. A.

F. K. Reinhart, J. C. Shelton, R. A. Logan, B. W. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 237 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Mahlein, H. F.

H. F. Mahlein, Opt. Commun. 16, 420 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Mammel, W. L.

Masuda, M.

M. Masuda, A. Tanji, Y. Ando, J. Koyama, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 773 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, G. L.

Nakagome, H.

Polky, J. N.

Reinhart, F. K.

F. K. Reinhart, J. C. Shelton, R. A. Logan, B. W. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 237 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Rollke, K. H.

K. H. Rollke, W. Sohler, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 141 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Shelton, J. C.

F. K. Reinhart, J. C. Shelton, R. A. Logan, B. W. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 237 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

K. H. Rollke, W. Sohler, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 141 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Soole, J. B. D.

J. B. D. Soole, H. P. Hughes, N. Apsley, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 2022 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. B. D. Soole, R. N. Lamb, H. P. Hughes, N. Apsley, Solid State Commun. 59, 609 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Stoll, H.

E. M. Garmire, H. Stoll, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 763 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Suematsu, Y.

Y. Suematsu, M. Hakuta, K. Furuya, K. Chiba, R. Hasumi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Takano, T.

T. Takano, J. Hamasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 206 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Tanji, A.

M. Masuda, A. Tanji, Y. Ando, J. Koyama, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 773 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Uehara, U.S.

Weber, H. P.

West, E. J.

Yamamoto, Y.

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kamiya, H. Yanai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 729 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Yanai, H.

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kamiya, H. Yanai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 729 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Suematsu, M. Hakuta, K. Furuya, K. Chiba, R. Hasumi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (1972).
[CrossRef]

F. K. Reinhart, J. C. Shelton, R. A. Logan, B. W. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 237 (1980).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

E. M. Garmire, H. Stoll, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 763 (1972).
[CrossRef]

T. Takano, J. Hamasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 206 (1972).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Rollke, W. Sohler, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 141 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kamiya, H. Yanai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 729 (1975).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

M. Masuda, A. Tanji, Y. Ando, J. Koyama, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 773 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. B. D. Soole, H. P. Hughes, N. Apsley, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 2022 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. F. Mahlein, Opt. Commun. 16, 420 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

J. B. D. Soole, R. N. Lamb, H. P. Hughes, N. Apsley, Solid State Commun. 59, 609 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

K. H. Gundlach, J. Kadlec, Thin Solid Films 28, 107 (1975).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental arrangement: side view showing coupling geometry (top) and plan view showing disposition of guided light and tunnel junction (bottom). (b) Scattered light from the multimode ion-exchange guide discussed in the text: (i) high and (ii) low effective index TE modes; (iii) high and (iv) low effective index TM modes, all excited by 2.41-eV light. The position of the junction is indicated in (iv).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photoresponse versus incident guide power for different junction biases. The inset gives the bias response curve. Both are for 2.41-eV TM-polarized light incident upon the same device as shown in Fig. 1(b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Attenuation of TM and TE modes in the guide shown in Fig. 1(b) obtained from CCD camera measurements; mode wave vector, K = K′ + iK″. K0 = 2π/λ.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized mode-dependent photoresponse of the detector.

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