Abstract

Bistable switching of an optical signal beam by a control beam with a different wavelength, using the nonlinearity of a Fabry–Perot semiconductor-laser amplifier, is reported for the first time to the authors' knowledge. Depending on the initial detuning of the optical signal beam, both normal (counterclockwise) and reverse (clockwise) hysteresis are theoretically and experimentally obtained in the signal output power as a function of the control input power.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. Otsuka, H. Iwamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-19, 1184 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Otsuka, S. Kobayashi, Electron Lett. 19, 262 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Nakai, N. Ogasawara, R. Ito, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, L310 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 21, 992 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. F. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 321 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 22, 541 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. F. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, in Optical Bistability III, H. M. Gibbs, P. Mandel, N. Peyghambarian, S. D. Smith, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), pp. 177–180.
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Kawaguchi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).
  9. W. F. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1510 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. P. Webb, W. J. Devlin, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), paper FH3.
  11. R. P. Webb, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), paper ThU8.
  12. H. Kawaguchi, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 1209 (1981).
    [CrossRef]

1986 (3)

W. F. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 321 (1986).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 22, 541 (1986).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1510 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 21, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983 (3)

K. Otsuka, H. Iwamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-19, 1184 (1983).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka, S. Kobayashi, Electron Lett. 19, 262 (1983).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakai, N. Ogasawara, R. Ito, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, L310 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

H. Kawaguchi, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 1209 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Adams, M. J.

H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 22, 541 (1986).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 21, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dagenais, M.

W. F. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 321 (1986).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1510 (1986).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, in Optical Bistability III, H. M. Gibbs, P. Mandel, N. Peyghambarian, S. D. Smith, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), pp. 177–180.
[CrossRef]

Devlin, W. J.

R. P. Webb, W. J. Devlin, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), paper FH3.

Ito, R.

T. Nakai, N. Ogasawara, R. Ito, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, L310 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Iwamura, H.

K. Otsuka, H. Iwamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-19, 1184 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, H.

H. Kawaguchi, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 1209 (1981).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawaguchi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Kobayashi, S.

K. Otsuka, S. Kobayashi, Electron Lett. 19, 262 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nakai, T.

T. Nakai, N. Ogasawara, R. Ito, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, L310 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ogasawara, N.

T. Nakai, N. Ogasawara, R. Ito, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, L310 (1983).
[CrossRef]

O'Mahony, M. J.

H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 22, 541 (1986).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 21, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, K.

K. Otsuka, S. Kobayashi, Electron Lett. 19, 262 (1983).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka, H. Iwamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-19, 1184 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Sharfin, W. F.

W. F. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 321 (1986).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1510 (1986).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, in Optical Bistability III, H. M. Gibbs, P. Mandel, N. Peyghambarian, S. D. Smith, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), pp. 177–180.
[CrossRef]

Webb, R. P.

R. P. Webb, W. J. Devlin, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), paper FH3.

R. P. Webb, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), paper ThU8.

Westlake, H. J.

H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 22, 541 (1986).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 21, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. F. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 321 (1986).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1510 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron Lett. (1)

K. Otsuka, S. Kobayashi, Electron Lett. 19, 262 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 21, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 22, 541 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (1)

K. Otsuka, H. Iwamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-19, 1184 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Kawaguchi, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 1209 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Nakai, N. Ogasawara, R. Ito, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 22, L310 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

W. F. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, in Optical Bistability III, H. M. Gibbs, P. Mandel, N. Peyghambarian, S. D. Smith, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), pp. 177–180.
[CrossRef]

H. Kawaguchi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

R. P. Webb, W. J. Devlin, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), paper FH3.

R. P. Webb, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), paper ThU8.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated normalized output power Pout1/Ps and Pout2/Ps versus input power ηPin1/Ps. (a) δ2 = π, (b) δ2 = 2.2. For other parameters, refer to the text. Normal [counterclockwise (b)] and reverse [clockwise (a)] hystereses are obtained for the Pout2/Ps versus ηPin1/Ps curves.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup. Two optical beams are injected into a 1.3-μm BH InP/InGaAsP Fabry–Perot LD amplifier used as a nonlinear device.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Observed Pout1 versus Pin1 and Pout2 versus Pin1 cruves. (a) LD2 bias current is 96 mA; (b) LD2 bias current is 104.8 mA. The detuning difference between (a) and (b) is about 0.94 rad. Pin1, 30 μW/division; Pout1, 10 μW/division; Pout2, 2 μW/division.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P out 1 = η T 2 G ( 1 G R ) 2 + 4 G R sin 2 ϕ 1 P in 1 ,
P out 2 = η T 2 G ( 1 G R ) 2 + 4 G R sin 2 ϕ 2 P in 2 ,
G = exp [ ( g α ) l ] ,
g = g 0 1 + ( P out 1 + P out 2 ) / P s ,
ϕ 1 = δ 1 + b 2 g 0 l ( P out 1 + P out 2 ) / P s 1 + ( P out 1 + P out 2 ) / P s ,
ϕ 2 = δ 2 + b 2 g 0 l ( P out 1 + P out 2 ) / P s 1 + ( P out 1 + P out 2 ) / P s .

Metrics