Abstract

We report the observation of photorefractive index gratings written and read out in BaTiO3 using single pulses of 30-psec duration and fluences of 1 to 15 mJ/cm2 at a wavelength of 0.532 μm. While the photorefractive gratings are masked during formation by large free-carrier grating, they are clearly seen from 50 psec to many minutes following the peak in the writing beams. The rapid and complete formation of the photorefractive grating and the complete decay of the free-carrier grating on a scale of 50 to 100 psec indicate either that the carrier-recombination time in our sample of BaTiO3 is less than 100 psec or that the mobility of the carriers is >23 cm2/V sec.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. C. Valley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1637 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. C. Valley, A. L. Smirl, M. B. Klein, K. Bohnert, T. F. Boggess, Opt. Lett. 11, 647 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. B. Klein, in Photorefractive Materials and Applications, P. Günter, J. P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1987), Chap. 7, Table 7-2.
  4. C.-P. Tzou, T. Y. Chang, R. W. Hellwarth, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 613, 11-1 (1986).
  5. L. K. Lam, T. Y. Chang, J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, Opt. Lett. 6, 475 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. L. Smirl, K. Bohnert, G. C. Valley, T. F. Boggess, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.
  7. A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
    [CrossRef]

1986

G. C. Valley, A. L. Smirl, M. B. Klein, K. Bohnert, T. F. Boggess, Opt. Lett. 11, 647 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-P. Tzou, T. Y. Chang, R. W. Hellwarth, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 613, 11-1 (1986).

1984

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983

G. C. Valley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1637 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981

Ballman, A. A.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Boggess, T. F.

G. C. Valley, A. L. Smirl, M. B. Klein, K. Bohnert, T. F. Boggess, Opt. Lett. 11, 647 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Smirl, K. Bohnert, G. C. Valley, T. F. Boggess, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Bohnert, K.

G. C. Valley, A. L. Smirl, M. B. Klein, K. Bohnert, T. F. Boggess, Opt. Lett. 11, 647 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Smirl, K. Bohnert, G. C. Valley, T. F. Boggess, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Chang, T. Y.

C.-P. Tzou, T. Y. Chang, R. W. Hellwarth, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 613, 11-1 (1986).

L. K. Lam, T. Y. Chang, J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, Opt. Lett. 6, 475 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feinberg, J.

Glass, A. M.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R. W.

C.-P. Tzou, T. Y. Chang, R. W. Hellwarth, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 613, 11-1 (1986).

L. K. Lam, T. Y. Chang, J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, Opt. Lett. 6, 475 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, A. M.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M. B.

G. C. Valley, A. L. Smirl, M. B. Klein, K. Bohnert, T. F. Boggess, Opt. Lett. 11, 647 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. B. Klein, in Photorefractive Materials and Applications, P. Günter, J. P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1987), Chap. 7, Table 7-2.

Lam, L. K.

Olson, D. H.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, W.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Smirl, A. L.

G. C. Valley, A. L. Smirl, M. B. Klein, K. Bohnert, T. F. Boggess, Opt. Lett. 11, 647 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Smirl, K. Bohnert, G. C. Valley, T. F. Boggess, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Tzou, C.-P.

C.-P. Tzou, T. Y. Chang, R. W. Hellwarth, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 613, 11-1 (1986).

Valley, G. C.

G. C. Valley, A. L. Smirl, M. B. Klein, K. Bohnert, T. F. Boggess, Opt. Lett. 11, 647 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Valley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1637 (1983).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Smirl, K. Bohnert, G. C. Valley, T. F. Boggess, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

G. C. Valley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1637 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.

C.-P. Tzou, T. Y. Chang, R. W. Hellwarth, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 613, 11-1 (1986).

Other

A. L. Smirl, K. Bohnert, G. C. Valley, T. F. Boggess, submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. B. Klein, in Photorefractive Materials and Applications, P. Günter, J. P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1987), Chap. 7, Table 7-2.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental geometry.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction efficiency of a 0.48-μm laser-induced grating as a function of time delay for a crystal of BaTiO3 oriented with the grating wave vector (a) parallel and (b) perpendicular to the c axis.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Comparison of Parameters of 43-psec Experiments with Those of 20-nsec Experiments

Equations (1)

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τ D = e Λ g 2 4 π 2 k B T μ ,

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