Abstract

We present a preliminary study of a UV optogalvanic spectrum obtained by using a see-through iron hollow cathode and a tunable pulsed laser in the 240–260-nm range. The hollow cathode used and described is a homemade device that can be run in static- or dynamic-flow gas regimes. Spectra have been recorded with argon and neon buffer gases, and many classified Fe i lines have been identified. The accuracy of the measured wave numbers is limited at present to 0.05 cm−1 by the spectral width of the UV laser. This iron optogalvanic spectrum is proposed for reference-wavelength calibration in UV laser spectroscopy, and an application to the study of Ba+ Rydberg levels is reported. Possibilities for future developments of such a device are analyzed.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. M. Crosswhite, G. H. Dieke, C. Salmon Legagneur, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45, 270 (1955);see also H. M. Crosswhite, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. Sec. A 79, 17 (1975).
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  5. J. Sugar, C. Corliss, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 14, 407 (1985).
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  8. R. A. Keller, R. Engleman, B. A. Palmer, Appl. Opt. 19, 836 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Boulmer, P. Camus, J.-M. Gagné, P. Pillet, J. Phys. B 90, L143 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Shuker, J. Phys. (Paris) 11C7, 455 (1983).
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    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Y. Ch'en, M. Takeo, Rev. Mod. Phys. 29, 20 (1957).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Nakajima, N. Uchitomi, Y. Adachi, S. Maeda, C. Hirose, J. Phys. (Paris) 11C7, 497 (1983).
  14. F. Babin, J.-M. Gagné, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1536 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. W. Duquette, S. Salih, J. E. Lawler, Phys. Lett. 83A, 214 (1981).
  16. A. P. Thorne, C. J. Harris, G. Cox, I. Wynne-Jones, R. C. M. Learner, J. Phys. E 20, 54 (1987).
    [CrossRef]

1987

J. Boulmer, P. Camus, J.-M. Gagné, P. Pillet, J. Phys. B 90, L143 (1987).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Thorne, C. J. Harris, G. Cox, I. Wynne-Jones, R. C. M. Learner, J. Phys. E 20, 54 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986

F. Babin, J.-M. Gagné, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1536 (1986).
[CrossRef]

W. Ertmer, U. Johann, J. Dembczynski, Z. Michalski, Z. Phys. D2, 67 (1986).

1985

J. Sugar, C. Corliss, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 14, 407 (1985).

1983

P. Camus, J. Phys. (Paris) 11C7, 87 (1983).

T. Nakajima, N. Uchitomi, Y. Adachi, S. Maeda, C. Hirose, J. Phys. (Paris) 11C7, 497 (1983).

R. Shuker, J. Phys. (Paris) 11C7, 455 (1983).

1981

T. W. Hänsch, D. R. Lyon, A. L. Schawlow, A. Stiegel, Z. Y. Wang, G. Y. Yang, Opt. Commun. 38, 47 (1981).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Duquette, S. Salih, J. E. Lawler, Phys. Lett. 83A, 214 (1981).

1980

1979

1957

S. Y. Ch'en, M. Takeo, Rev. Mod. Phys. 29, 20 (1957).
[CrossRef]

1955

1949

J. Brossel, Phys. Rev. 76, 858 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, Y.

T. Nakajima, N. Uchitomi, Y. Adachi, S. Maeda, C. Hirose, J. Phys. (Paris) 11C7, 497 (1983).

Babin, F.

F. Babin, J.-M. Gagné, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1536 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Boulmer, J.

J. Boulmer, P. Camus, J.-M. Gagné, P. Pillet, J. Phys. B 90, L143 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Brossel, J.

J. Brossel, Phys. Rev. 76, 858 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Camus, P.

J. Boulmer, P. Camus, J.-M. Gagné, P. Pillet, J. Phys. B 90, L143 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. Camus, J. Phys. (Paris) 11C7, 87 (1983).

Ch'en, S. Y.

S. Y. Ch'en, M. Takeo, Rev. Mod. Phys. 29, 20 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Corliss, C.

J. Sugar, C. Corliss, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 14, 407 (1985).

Cox, G.

A. P. Thorne, C. J. Harris, G. Cox, I. Wynne-Jones, R. C. M. Learner, J. Phys. E 20, 54 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Crosswhite, H. M.

Dembczynski, J.

W. Ertmer, U. Johann, J. Dembczynski, Z. Michalski, Z. Phys. D2, 67 (1986).

Dieke, G. H.

Duquette, D. W.

D. W. Duquette, S. Salih, J. E. Lawler, Phys. Lett. 83A, 214 (1981).

Engleman, R.

Ertmer, W.

W. Ertmer, U. Johann, J. Dembczynski, Z. Michalski, Z. Phys. D2, 67 (1986).

Gagné, J.-M.

J. Boulmer, P. Camus, J.-M. Gagné, P. Pillet, J. Phys. B 90, L143 (1987).
[CrossRef]

F. Babin, J.-M. Gagné, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1536 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. W. Hänsch, D. R. Lyon, A. L. Schawlow, A. Stiegel, Z. Y. Wang, G. Y. Yang, Opt. Commun. 38, 47 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Harris, C. J.

A. P. Thorne, C. J. Harris, G. Cox, I. Wynne-Jones, R. C. M. Learner, J. Phys. E 20, 54 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hirose, C.

T. Nakajima, N. Uchitomi, Y. Adachi, S. Maeda, C. Hirose, J. Phys. (Paris) 11C7, 497 (1983).

Johann, U.

W. Ertmer, U. Johann, J. Dembczynski, Z. Michalski, Z. Phys. D2, 67 (1986).

Keller, R. A.

Lawler, J. E.

D. W. Duquette, S. Salih, J. E. Lawler, Phys. Lett. 83A, 214 (1981).

Learner, R. C. M.

A. P. Thorne, C. J. Harris, G. Cox, I. Wynne-Jones, R. C. M. Learner, J. Phys. E 20, 54 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lyon, D. R.

T. W. Hänsch, D. R. Lyon, A. L. Schawlow, A. Stiegel, Z. Y. Wang, G. Y. Yang, Opt. Commun. 38, 47 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, S.

T. Nakajima, N. Uchitomi, Y. Adachi, S. Maeda, C. Hirose, J. Phys. (Paris) 11C7, 497 (1983).

Michalski, Z.

W. Ertmer, U. Johann, J. Dembczynski, Z. Michalski, Z. Phys. D2, 67 (1986).

Nakajima, T.

T. Nakajima, N. Uchitomi, Y. Adachi, S. Maeda, C. Hirose, J. Phys. (Paris) 11C7, 497 (1983).

Palmer, B. A.

Pillet, P.

J. Boulmer, P. Camus, J.-M. Gagné, P. Pillet, J. Phys. B 90, L143 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Salih, S.

D. W. Duquette, S. Salih, J. E. Lawler, Phys. Lett. 83A, 214 (1981).

Salmon Legagneur, C.

Schawlow, A. L.

T. W. Hänsch, D. R. Lyon, A. L. Schawlow, A. Stiegel, Z. Y. Wang, G. Y. Yang, Opt. Commun. 38, 47 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Shuker, R.

R. Shuker, J. Phys. (Paris) 11C7, 455 (1983).

Stanley, R. W.

Stiegel, A.

T. W. Hänsch, D. R. Lyon, A. L. Schawlow, A. Stiegel, Z. Y. Wang, G. Y. Yang, Opt. Commun. 38, 47 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Sugar, J.

J. Sugar, C. Corliss, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 14, 407 (1985).

Takeo, M.

S. Y. Ch'en, M. Takeo, Rev. Mod. Phys. 29, 20 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Thorne, A. P.

A. P. Thorne, C. J. Harris, G. Cox, I. Wynne-Jones, R. C. M. Learner, J. Phys. E 20, 54 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Uchitomi, N.

T. Nakajima, N. Uchitomi, Y. Adachi, S. Maeda, C. Hirose, J. Phys. (Paris) 11C7, 497 (1983).

Wang, Z. Y.

T. W. Hänsch, D. R. Lyon, A. L. Schawlow, A. Stiegel, Z. Y. Wang, G. Y. Yang, Opt. Commun. 38, 47 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Wynne-Jones, I.

A. P. Thorne, C. J. Harris, G. Cox, I. Wynne-Jones, R. C. M. Learner, J. Phys. E 20, 54 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G. Y.

T. W. Hänsch, D. R. Lyon, A. L. Schawlow, A. Stiegel, Z. Y. Wang, G. Y. Yang, Opt. Commun. 38, 47 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Zalewski, E. F.

Appl. Opt.

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Phys. (Paris)

P. Camus, J. Phys. (Paris) 11C7, 87 (1983).

R. Shuker, J. Phys. (Paris) 11C7, 455 (1983).

T. Nakajima, N. Uchitomi, Y. Adachi, S. Maeda, C. Hirose, J. Phys. (Paris) 11C7, 497 (1983).

J. Phys. B

J. Boulmer, P. Camus, J.-M. Gagné, P. Pillet, J. Phys. B 90, L143 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data

J. Sugar, C. Corliss, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 14, 407 (1985).

J. Phys. E

A. P. Thorne, C. J. Harris, G. Cox, I. Wynne-Jones, R. C. M. Learner, J. Phys. E 20, 54 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

T. W. Hänsch, D. R. Lyon, A. L. Schawlow, A. Stiegel, Z. Y. Wang, G. Y. Yang, Opt. Commun. 38, 47 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Lett.

D. W. Duquette, S. Salih, J. E. Lawler, Phys. Lett. 83A, 214 (1981).

Phys. Rev.

J. Brossel, Phys. Rev. 76, 858 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

S. Y. Ch'en, M. Takeo, Rev. Mod. Phys. 29, 20 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

F. Babin, J.-M. Gagné, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1536 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Z. Phys.

W. Ertmer, U. Johann, J. Dembczynski, Z. Michalski, Z. Phys. D2, 67 (1986).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Hollow-cathode setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Iron optogalvanic spectra in the range 39 960–40 055 cm−1: (a) Fabry–Perot fringes, Δσ = 1 cm−1 with the fundamental red dye light (∼653 nm); (b) Fabry–Perot fringes Δσ = 1 cm−1 with the UV laser (∼250 nm); (c) iron optogalvanic spectrum with argon buffer gas in the hollow cathode; (d) iron optogalvanic spectrum with neon buffer gas in the hollow cathode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Fabry–Perot fringes, Δσ = 1 cm−1 with the UV laser (∼250 nm); (b) one-photon iron optogalvanic spectrum (many lines are still unclassified); (c) Rydberg levels 24d5/2,3/2 and 25s1/2 of Ba+ two-photon spectrum.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Observed Lines of Iron Optogalvanic Spectrum of Fig. 2(c) with Argon Buffer Gas

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