Abstract

Second-harmonic generation in the form of Čerenkov radiation has been used to make direct, contact-free measurements of the effective indices of guided modes in LiNbO3 channel waveguides. X-cut substrates were used, and channels oriented along the y axis were formed by either proton exchange or titanium indiffusion. For end-fire TE excitation, the Čerenkov harmonic radiates forward at a shallow angle into the substrate, leaves the output facet of the substrate, and appears as bright bands in the far field. These bands are seen to form a one-to-one correspondence with the m lines that are due to guided modes when a prism coupler is simultaneously clamped to the sample surface. The effective indices of the guided modes can be obtained by a simple calculation that involves only the substrate index and the angle at which the Čerenkov harmonic is radiated into the substrate. This technique permits effective index measurements of cladded waveguides where prism coupler measurements cannot be made. Examples of the technique in which index oil is used as a guide overlayer are given.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (3)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (3)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription