Abstract

A new method of transversely coupling standard single-mode optical fibers to thin-film waveguides is described. A coupling loss from fiber to film to fiber of 2 dB has been measured at a wavelength of 1.36 μm.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. J. Ainslie, K. J. Beales, C. R. Day, J. D. Rush, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18514 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Marcuse, Electron. Lett. 21, pp 726 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Findakly, C. L. Chen, Appl. Opt. 17, 769 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 645 (1974).
  5. R. P. Cargille Laboratories, Inc., 55 Commerce Road, Cedar Grove, N. J. 07009.
  6. D. L. Wood, J. W. Fleming, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 43 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  7. See, for example, A. Yariv, Introduction to Optical Electronics (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, London, 1976), p. 362.

1985 (1)

D. Marcuse, Electron. Lett. 21, pp 726 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

D. L. Wood, J. W. Fleming, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 43 (1982).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Ainslie, K. J. Beales, C. R. Day, J. D. Rush, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18514 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

1974 (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 645 (1974).

Ainslie, B. J.

B. J. Ainslie, K. J. Beales, C. R. Day, J. D. Rush, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18514 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Beales, K. J.

B. J. Ainslie, K. J. Beales, C. R. Day, J. D. Rush, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18514 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. L.

Day, C. R.

B. J. Ainslie, K. J. Beales, C. R. Day, J. D. Rush, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18514 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Findakly, T.

Fleming, J. W.

D. L. Wood, J. W. Fleming, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 43 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Marcatili, E. A. J.

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 645 (1974).

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, Electron. Lett. 21, pp 726 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Rush, J. D.

B. J. Ainslie, K. J. Beales, C. R. Day, J. D. Rush, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18514 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Wood, D. L.

D. L. Wood, J. W. Fleming, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 43 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

See, for example, A. Yariv, Introduction to Optical Electronics (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, London, 1976), p. 362.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 645 (1974).

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. Marcuse, Electron. Lett. 21, pp 726 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. J. Ainslie, K. J. Beales, C. R. Day, J. D. Rush, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18514 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

D. L. Wood, J. W. Fleming, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 43 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

See, for example, A. Yariv, Introduction to Optical Electronics (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, London, 1976), p. 362.

R. P. Cargille Laboratories, Inc., 55 Commerce Road, Cedar Grove, N. J. 07009.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of polished coupler block before film deposition.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental arrangement used to investigate coupler behavior.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dispersion diagram of planar film (index nD = 1.620, thickness 53.4 μm) and single-mode fiber, including material dispersion. The dashed lines show the individual film modes; the dotted line is the fiber LP01 mode, and the solid line is the silica cladding.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Actual transmission levels from fiber to film to fiber showing synchronous coupling to film modes (film thickness 53.4 μm, index nD = 1.620).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Normalized transmission from fiber to film to fiber (film thickness 12.5 μm, nD = 1.500).

Equations (3)

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tan θ b = D / L .
λ m = 2 t m ( n g 2 n e fiber 2 ) 1 / 2 ( m an integer ) ,
λ m / λ m + n = ( m + n ) / m .

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