Abstract

Self-pumping in cerium-doped strontium barium niobate has been observed with phase-conjugate reflectivities near 6% and a formation time of 8 sec for a 200-mW/cm2 beam at 442 nm. The time response for asymmetrical self-defocusing was also measured, and the observed transmissions through the crystal at normal incidence were limited to about 1.5% of the incident radiation.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Feinberg, Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983), p. 417.
  2. G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).
  3. S. Sternklar, S. Weiss, M. Segev, B. Fischer, Opt. Lett. 11, 528 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 486 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, Opt. Lett. 5, 519 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. C. Jahoda, P. G. Weber, J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 9, 362 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, Opt. Commun. 59, 417 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. J. Sharp, M. J. Miller, G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, G. J. Salamo, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Ferroelectrics Suppl., Proceedings of Sixth IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics (1986), p. 51.
  10. J. Rodriguez, A. Siahmakoun, G. J. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in photorefractive Ba2−xSrxK1−yNayNb5O15,” submitted to Appl. Opt.
  11. K. Megumi, H. Kozuka, M. Kobayashi, Y. Furuhata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Eng. 25, 1212 (1986).
  13. R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 3, 274 (1986).
  14. B. T. Anderson, P. R. Foreman, F. C. Jahoda, Opt. Lett. 10, 627 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. Pepper, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1001 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Feinberg, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 46 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 4906 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. Gunter, Phys. Rep. 93, 199 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 567 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  20. We determined that the sign of the electro-optic coefficient, r33, is positive by the use of a calibrated compensator. This fact, coupled with the observation that extraordinary light fans toward the electrode held positive during poling, gives a negative sign for the photorefractive charge carriers.

1986 (5)

G. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, Opt. Commun. 59, 417 (1986).
[CrossRef]

G. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Eng. 25, 1212 (1986).

R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 3, 274 (1986).

D. Pepper, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1001 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S. Sternklar, S. Weiss, M. Segev, B. Fischer, Opt. Lett. 11, 528 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (3)

B. T. Anderson, P. R. Foreman, F. C. Jahoda, Opt. Lett. 10, 627 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 567 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 4906 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

1982 (4)

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982).
[CrossRef]

P. Gunter, Phys. Rep. 93, 199 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 486 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Feinberg, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 46 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1977 (1)

K. Megumi, H. Kozuka, M. Kobayashi, Y. Furuhata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, B. T.

Clark, W. W.

G. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, Opt. Commun. 59, 417 (1986).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Sharp, M. J. Miller, G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, G. J. Salamo, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Ferroelectrics Suppl., Proceedings of Sixth IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics (1986), p. 51.

J. Rodriguez, A. Siahmakoun, G. J. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in photorefractive Ba2−xSrxK1−yNayNb5O15,” submitted to Appl. Opt.

Cory, W. K.

R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 3, 274 (1986).

Cronin-Golomb, M.

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 4906 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 567 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

Fischer, B.

S. Sternklar, S. Weiss, M. Segev, B. Fischer, Opt. Lett. 11, 528 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Foreman, P. R.

Furuhata, Y.

K. Megumi, H. Kozuka, M. Kobayashi, Y. Furuhata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Gunter, P.

P. Gunter, Phys. Rep. 93, 199 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R. W.

Jahoda, F. C.

Klein, M. B.

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

Kobayashi, M.

K. Megumi, H. Kozuka, M. Kobayashi, Y. Furuhata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kozuka, H.

K. Megumi, H. Kozuka, M. Kobayashi, Y. Furuhata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Lau, K. Y.

M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 567 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Megumi, K.

K. Megumi, H. Kozuka, M. Kobayashi, Y. Furuhata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Miller, M. J.

G. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, Opt. Commun. 59, 417 (1986).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Sharp, M. J. Miller, G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, G. J. Salamo, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Ferroelectrics Suppl., Proceedings of Sixth IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics (1986), p. 51.

J. Rodriguez, A. Siahmakoun, G. J. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in photorefractive Ba2−xSrxK1−yNayNb5O15,” submitted to Appl. Opt.

Neurgaonkar, R.

G. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Eng. 25, 1212 (1986).

Neurgaonkar, R. R.

R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 3, 274 (1986).

J. Rodriguez, A. Siahmakoun, G. J. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in photorefractive Ba2−xSrxK1−yNayNb5O15,” submitted to Appl. Opt.

E. J. Sharp, M. J. Miller, G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, G. J. Salamo, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Ferroelectrics Suppl., Proceedings of Sixth IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics (1986), p. 51.

Pepper, D.

D. Pepper, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1001 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Rakuljic, G.

G. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Eng. 25, 1212 (1986).

Rodriguez, J.

J. Rodriguez, A. Siahmakoun, G. J. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in photorefractive Ba2−xSrxK1−yNayNb5O15,” submitted to Appl. Opt.

Salamo, G.

G. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, Opt. Commun. 59, 417 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Salamo, G. J.

E. J. Sharp, M. J. Miller, G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, G. J. Salamo, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Ferroelectrics Suppl., Proceedings of Sixth IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics (1986), p. 51.

J. Rodriguez, A. Siahmakoun, G. J. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in photorefractive Ba2−xSrxK1−yNayNb5O15,” submitted to Appl. Opt.

Segev, M.

Sharp, E. J.

G. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, Opt. Commun. 59, 417 (1986).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Sharp, M. J. Miller, G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, G. J. Salamo, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Ferroelectrics Suppl., Proceedings of Sixth IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics (1986), p. 51.

J. Rodriguez, A. Siahmakoun, G. J. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in photorefractive Ba2−xSrxK1−yNayNb5O15,” submitted to Appl. Opt.

Siahmakoun, A.

J. Rodriguez, A. Siahmakoun, G. J. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in photorefractive Ba2−xSrxK1−yNayNb5O15,” submitted to Appl. Opt.

Sternklar, S.

Valley, G. C.

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

Weber, P. G.

Weiss, S.

White, J. O.

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Wood, G. L.

G. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, Opt. Commun. 59, 417 (1986).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Sharp, M. J. Miller, G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, G. J. Salamo, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Ferroelectrics Suppl., Proceedings of Sixth IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics (1986), p. 51.

J. Rodriguez, A. Siahmakoun, G. J. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in photorefractive Ba2−xSrxK1−yNayNb5O15,” submitted to Appl. Opt.

Yariv, A.

G. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Eng. 25, 1212 (1986).

M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 567 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 4906 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Megumi, H. Kozuka, M. Kobayashi, Y. Furuhata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 631 (1977).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 567 (1985).
[CrossRef]

D. Pepper, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1001 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 4906 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

R. R. Neurgaonkar, W. K. Cory, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 3, 274 (1986).

J. Feinberg, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 46 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, Opt. Commun. 59, 417 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (2)

G. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, R. Neurgaonkar, Opt. Eng. 25, 1212 (1986).

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rep. (1)

P. Gunter, Phys. Rep. 93, 199 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

We determined that the sign of the electro-optic coefficient, r33, is positive by the use of a calibrated compensator. This fact, coupled with the observation that extraordinary light fans toward the electrode held positive during poling, gives a negative sign for the photorefractive charge carriers.

J. Feinberg, Optical Phase Conjugation, R. A. Fisher, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983), p. 417.

E. J. Sharp, M. J. Miller, G. L. Wood, W. W. Clark, G. J. Salamo, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Ferroelectrics Suppl., Proceedings of Sixth IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics (1986), p. 51.

J. Rodriguez, A. Siahmakoun, G. J. Salamo, M. J. Miller, W. W. Clark, G. L. Wood, E. J. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in photorefractive Ba2−xSrxK1−yNayNb5O15,” submitted to Appl. Opt.

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