Abstract

Self-induced birefringence effects in a periodically modulated nonlinear medium are investigated. An input beam linearly polarized along the axis of a fiber polarization-rocking filter undergoes a spatial instability as the input power crosses a threshold value that scales linearly with the coupling strength. We describe the potential use of this effect for relatively low-power intensity discrimination, all-optical polarization switching, and small-signal amplification using linearly polarized beams. The wavelength for maximum polarization conversion between the axes can be tuned by varying the input power, and the filter bandwidth narrows with increasing power.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, R. H. Stolen, G. Assanto, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 11 (1986).
  11. S. Wabnitz, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 838 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. C. Rashleigh, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 312 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Wabnitz, submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.
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    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Sauteret, J. P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Padère, J. Ducuing, R. U. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 956 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  17. P. Li, Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, Electron. Lett. 21, 26 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. G. Winful, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 527 (1985).
    [CrossRef]

1986 (5)

1985 (2)

P. Li, Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, Electron. Lett. 21, 26 (1985).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 527 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (2)

1983 (2)

1982 (2)

S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580 (1982); B. Daino, G. Gregori, S. Wabnitz, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 4512 (1985).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, J. Botineau, A. Ashkin, Opt. Lett. 7, 512 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (3)

1976 (1)

C. Sauteret, J. P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Padère, J. Ducuing, R. U. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 956 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Alferness, R. C.

R. C. Alferness, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 513 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

Assanto, G.

S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, R. H. Stolen, G. Assanto, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 11 (1986).

Baughman, R. U.

C. Sauteret, J. P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Padère, J. Ducuing, R. U. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 956 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Botineau, J.

Brooks, J. L.

Chance, R. R.

C. Sauteret, J. P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Padère, J. Ducuing, R. U. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 956 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Daino, B.

Ducuing, J.

C. Sauteret, J. P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Padère, J. Ducuing, R. U. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 956 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, J. M.

Frey, R.

C. Sauteret, J. P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Padère, J. Ducuing, R. U. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 956 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Gregori, G.

Hermann, J. P.

C. Sauteret, J. P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Padère, J. Ducuing, R. U. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 956 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, S. M.

S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580 (1982); B. Daino, G. Gregori, S. Wabnitz, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 4512 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, M.

Li, P.

P. Li, Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, Electron. Lett. 21, 26 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Maier, A. A.

A. A. Maier, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 101 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mason, N. J.

P. Li, Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, Electron. Lett. 21, 26 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Matera, F.

Padère, F.

C. Sauteret, J. P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Padère, J. Ducuing, R. U. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 956 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Pleibel, W.

Rashleigh, S. C.

S. C. Rashleigh, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 312 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, J. S.

P. Li, Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, Electron. Lett. 21, 26 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Robson, P. N.

P. Li, Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, Electron. Lett. 21, 26 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sauteret, C.

C. Sauteret, J. P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Padère, J. Ducuing, R. U. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 956 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Seaton, C. T.

S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, R. H. Stolen, G. Assanto, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 11 (1986).

S. Wabnitz, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 838 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

Sitch, J. E.

P. Li, Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, Electron. Lett. 21, 26 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

S. Wabnitz, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 838 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, R. H. Stolen, G. Assanto, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 11 (1986).

Stolen, R. H.

Trillo, S.

S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, R. H. Stolen, G. Assanto, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 11 (1986).

Turner, E. H.

Wa, Kam

P. Li, Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, Electron. Lett. 21, 26 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Wabnitz, S.

S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, R. H. Stolen, G. Assanto, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 11 (1986).

S. Wabnitz, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 838 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. Matera, S. Wabnitz, Opt. Lett. 11, 467 (1986); S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 752 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Daino, G. Gregori, S. Wabnitz, Opt. Lett. 11, 42 (1986); G. Gregori, S. Wabnitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 600 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Wabnitz, submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

Winful, H. G.

H. G. Winful, Opt. Lett. 11, 33 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. G. Winful, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 527 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. M.

S. Wabnitz, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 838 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Youngquist, R. C.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

R. C. Alferness, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 513 (1980).
[CrossRef]

S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, R. H. Stolen, G. Assanto, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 11 (1986).

S. Wabnitz, E. M. Wright, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 838 (1986).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 527 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Li, Kam Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, J. S. Roberts, P. N. Robson, Electron. Lett. 21, 26 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

S. C. Rashleigh, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 312 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580 (1982); B. Daino, G. Gregori, S. Wabnitz, J. Appl. Phys. 58, 4512 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. Sauteret, J. P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Padère, J. Ducuing, R. U. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 956 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. A. Maier, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 101 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Wabnitz, submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic evolution of an input wave linearly polarized along an axis. (a) Linear conditions after a distance Lb (the angle θ is enhanced for clarity) and after N coupling sections. (b) Power p = 2P0/Pc < 2 after distances Lb′ and N′ sections. (c) Same as (b), with p = 2. (d) Same as (b), with p > 2.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Continuous-wave transmission out of a linear analyzer along one axis (when the orthogonal polarization is launched at the input) versus input power for different wavelength detunings and a fiber length 2Lc.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Same as in Fig. 2 for linearly polarized input launched at an angle to the axis and different powers [ϕ = 0 in Eqs. (1)].

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fractional cross-coupled power versus δ/κ = 4[Lc/Lb(λ0)](λλ0)/λ0 for Lc/Lb(λ0) = 25 and fiber lengths (a) Lc, (b) 1.46Lc.

Equations (4)

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L b ( z ) = L b { 1 + R [ P x ( z ) - P y ( z ) ] / ( 3 Δ β ) } - 1 ,
- i d A x / d z = β x A x + 2 κ cos ( β 0 z + ϕ ) A y + R [ A x 2 + ( 2 / 3 ) A y 2 ] A x + ( R / 3 ) A x * A y 2 , - i d A y / d z = β y A y + 2 κ cos ( β 0 z + ϕ ) A x + R [ A y 2 + ( 2 / 3 ) A x 2 ] A y + ( R / 3 ) A y * A x 2 ,
a x = A x exp { - i / 2 [ ( β x + β y + β 0 + 4 R P 0 / 3 ) z - ϕ ] } , a y = A y exp { - i / 2 [ ( β x + β y - β 0 + 4 R P 0 / 3 ) z + ϕ ] } ,
- i d a x / d z = ( δ / 2 ) a x + κ a y + ( R / 3 ) a x 2 a x , - i d a y / d z = - ( δ / 2 ) a y + κ a x + ( R / 3 ) a y 2 a y ,

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