Abstract

We propose using a prolate ellipsoid for collecting and focusing soft-x-ray radiation from a laser-produced plasma to longitudinally pump short-wavelength lasers. Total collection efficiencies greater than 20% at 10 nm into gain regions with aspect ratios of 25 are possible. This geometry offers several advantages with respect to present transverse multiple-spot geometries.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. A. Duguay, “Soft x-ray lasers pumped by photoionization,” Rep. SAND75-5591 (Sandia Laboratories, Albuquerque, N.M., 1975).
  2. H. Nishimura, F. Matsuoka, M. Yagi, K. Yamada, S. Nakai, G. H. McCall, C. Yamanaka, Phys. Fluids 26, 1688 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. G. Caro, J. C. Wang, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1407 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. T. Silfvast, J. J. Macklin, O. R. Wood, Opt. Lett. 8, 551 (1983); H. Lundberg, J. J. Macklin, W. T. Silfvast, O. R. Wood, App. Phys. Lett. 45, 335 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. W. Falcone, Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (personal communication).
  6. J. S. Pearlman, R. F. Benjamin, Appl. Opt. 16, 94 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. C. Gerritsen, H. van Brug, F. Bijkerk, M. J. van der Wiel, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 2337 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. F. Malina, W. Cash, Appl. Opt. 17, 3309 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. T. Welford, R. Winston, The Optics of Nonimaging Concentrators (Academic, New York, 1978), pp. 151–158.
  10. E. L. Church, H. A. Jenkinson, J. M. Zavada, Opt. Eng. 18, 125 (1979).
  11. E. L. Church, P. Z. Takacs, Opt. Eng. 24, 396 (1985).
  12. M. P. Ulmer, W. R. Purcell, J. E. A. Loughlin, M. P. Kowalski, Appl. Opt. 23, 4233 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. C. Catura, E. G. Joki, D. T. Roethig, W. J. Brook-over, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 640, 140 (1986).

1986 (2)

H. C. Gerritsen, H. van Brug, F. Bijkerk, M. J. van der Wiel, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 2337 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Catura, E. G. Joki, D. T. Roethig, W. J. Brook-over, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 640, 140 (1986).

1985 (1)

E. L. Church, P. Z. Takacs, Opt. Eng. 24, 396 (1985).

1984 (2)

R. G. Caro, J. C. Wang, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1407 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Ulmer, W. R. Purcell, J. E. A. Loughlin, M. P. Kowalski, Appl. Opt. 23, 4233 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (2)

1979 (1)

E. L. Church, H. A. Jenkinson, J. M. Zavada, Opt. Eng. 18, 125 (1979).

1978 (1)

1977 (1)

Benjamin, R. F.

Bijkerk, F.

H. C. Gerritsen, H. van Brug, F. Bijkerk, M. J. van der Wiel, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 2337 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Brook-over, W. J.

R. C. Catura, E. G. Joki, D. T. Roethig, W. J. Brook-over, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 640, 140 (1986).

Caro, R. G.

R. G. Caro, J. C. Wang, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1407 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Cash, W.

Catura, R. C.

R. C. Catura, E. G. Joki, D. T. Roethig, W. J. Brook-over, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 640, 140 (1986).

Church, E. L.

E. L. Church, P. Z. Takacs, Opt. Eng. 24, 396 (1985).

E. L. Church, H. A. Jenkinson, J. M. Zavada, Opt. Eng. 18, 125 (1979).

Duguay, M. A.

M. A. Duguay, “Soft x-ray lasers pumped by photoionization,” Rep. SAND75-5591 (Sandia Laboratories, Albuquerque, N.M., 1975).

Falcone, R. W.

R. W. Falcone, Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (personal communication).

Gerritsen, H. C.

H. C. Gerritsen, H. van Brug, F. Bijkerk, M. J. van der Wiel, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 2337 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

R. G. Caro, J. C. Wang, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1407 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Jenkinson, H. A.

E. L. Church, H. A. Jenkinson, J. M. Zavada, Opt. Eng. 18, 125 (1979).

Joki, E. G.

R. C. Catura, E. G. Joki, D. T. Roethig, W. J. Brook-over, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 640, 140 (1986).

Kowalski, M. P.

Loughlin, J. E. A.

Macklin, J. J.

Malina, R. F.

Matsuoka, F.

H. Nishimura, F. Matsuoka, M. Yagi, K. Yamada, S. Nakai, G. H. McCall, C. Yamanaka, Phys. Fluids 26, 1688 (1983).
[CrossRef]

McCall, G. H.

H. Nishimura, F. Matsuoka, M. Yagi, K. Yamada, S. Nakai, G. H. McCall, C. Yamanaka, Phys. Fluids 26, 1688 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nakai, S.

H. Nishimura, F. Matsuoka, M. Yagi, K. Yamada, S. Nakai, G. H. McCall, C. Yamanaka, Phys. Fluids 26, 1688 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, H.

H. Nishimura, F. Matsuoka, M. Yagi, K. Yamada, S. Nakai, G. H. McCall, C. Yamanaka, Phys. Fluids 26, 1688 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Pearlman, J. S.

Purcell, W. R.

Roethig, D. T.

R. C. Catura, E. G. Joki, D. T. Roethig, W. J. Brook-over, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 640, 140 (1986).

Silfvast, W. T.

Takacs, P. Z.

E. L. Church, P. Z. Takacs, Opt. Eng. 24, 396 (1985).

Ulmer, M. P.

van Brug, H.

H. C. Gerritsen, H. van Brug, F. Bijkerk, M. J. van der Wiel, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 2337 (1986).
[CrossRef]

van der Wiel, M. J.

H. C. Gerritsen, H. van Brug, F. Bijkerk, M. J. van der Wiel, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 2337 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. C.

R. G. Caro, J. C. Wang, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1407 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Welford, W. T.

W. T. Welford, R. Winston, The Optics of Nonimaging Concentrators (Academic, New York, 1978), pp. 151–158.

Winston, R.

W. T. Welford, R. Winston, The Optics of Nonimaging Concentrators (Academic, New York, 1978), pp. 151–158.

Wood, O. R.

Yagi, M.

H. Nishimura, F. Matsuoka, M. Yagi, K. Yamada, S. Nakai, G. H. McCall, C. Yamanaka, Phys. Fluids 26, 1688 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

H. Nishimura, F. Matsuoka, M. Yagi, K. Yamada, S. Nakai, G. H. McCall, C. Yamanaka, Phys. Fluids 26, 1688 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, C.

H. Nishimura, F. Matsuoka, M. Yagi, K. Yamada, S. Nakai, G. H. McCall, C. Yamanaka, Phys. Fluids 26, 1688 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Young, J. F.

R. G. Caro, J. C. Wang, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1407 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Zavada, J. M.

E. L. Church, H. A. Jenkinson, J. M. Zavada, Opt. Eng. 18, 125 (1979).

Appl. Opt. (3)

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. C. Gerritsen, H. van Brug, F. Bijkerk, M. J. van der Wiel, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 2337 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (2)

E. L. Church, H. A. Jenkinson, J. M. Zavada, Opt. Eng. 18, 125 (1979).

E. L. Church, P. Z. Takacs, Opt. Eng. 24, 396 (1985).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Fluids (1)

H. Nishimura, F. Matsuoka, M. Yagi, K. Yamada, S. Nakai, G. H. McCall, C. Yamanaka, Phys. Fluids 26, 1688 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. G. Caro, J. C. Wang, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1407 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

R. C. Catura, E. G. Joki, D. T. Roethig, W. J. Brook-over, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 640, 140 (1986).

Other (3)

M. A. Duguay, “Soft x-ray lasers pumped by photoionization,” Rep. SAND75-5591 (Sandia Laboratories, Albuquerque, N.M., 1975).

R. W. Falcone, Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (personal communication).

W. T. Welford, R. Winston, The Optics of Nonimaging Concentrators (Academic, New York, 1978), pp. 151–158.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of longitudinal pumping using a prolate ellipsoidal reflector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Fraction F of the source energy delivered to the focal plane versus ellipsoid shape for several wavelengths, based on the reflectivity data of Ref. 8; b/c is the ratio of the semiminor axis to the half-focal separation. (b) Collected fraction F versus ellipsoid length for three values of b/c. Length is measured from the source point and normalized to c ≡ 50 cm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Integrated pumping density P in the region of the focus as a function of ellipsoid shape. The focal plane is located at 0, and the integration is started at −50 cm. The source diameter is 100 μm, and c = 50 cm for all three cases.

Metrics