Abstract

We report two-dimensional density measurements in a supersonic expansion using beam-deflection optical tomography. Quantitative, high-resolution images with absolute accuracy to 3.5% and spatial resolution to 50 μm were taken with a helium–neon laser and simple apparatus.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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  1. Special issue on Computerized Tomography, Proc. IEEE 71(3) (1983). Special issue on Industrial Applications of Computed Tomography and NMR Imaging, Appl. Opt. 24(23) (1985).
  2. G. W. Faris, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 11, 413 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Snyder, L. Hesselink, Appl. Opt. 24, 4046 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. R. Ray, H. G. Semerjian, in Combustion Diagnostics by Nonintrusive Methods, T. D. McCay, J. A. Roux, eds. (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, New York, 1984), p. 300.
  5. H. M. Hertz, Opt. Commun. 54, 131 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Okoshi, M. Nishimura, Appl. Opt. 20, 2407 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. Francois, I. Saski, M. J. Adams, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 524 (1982); C. Saekeang, P. L. Chu, T. W. Whitbread, Appl. Opt. 19, 2025 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. D. Matulka, D. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1109 (1971); F. Bedarida, L. Zefiro, P. Boccacci, J. Cryst. Growth 61, 641 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Okoshi, M. Nishimura, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 9 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. N. Ramachandran, A. V. Lakshminarayanan, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 68, 2236 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. F. J. Weinberg, Optics of Flames (Butterworth, Washington, D.C., 1963).
  12. P. A. Thompson, Compressible-Fluid Dynamics, (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1972).
  13. F. S. Sherman, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 (personal communication).
  14. P. L. Owen, C. K. Thornhill, Aeronautical Research Council Reports and Memorandum No. 2616 (H. M. Stationery Office, London, 1952).
  15. H. Ashkenas, F. S. Sherman, in Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics, J. H. deLeeuw, ed. (Academic, New York, 1966), Suppl. 3, Vol. 2, p. 84; J. C. McDaniel, B. Hiller, R. K. Hanson, Opt. Lett. 8, 51 (1983).
  16. E. Bar-Ziv, S. Sgulim, O. Kafri, E. Keren, Appl. Opt. 22, 698 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. M. Vest, Appl. Opt, 24, 4089 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

1985 (3)

C. M. Vest, Appl. Opt, 24, 4089 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Hertz, Opt. Commun. 54, 131 (1985).
[CrossRef]

R. Snyder, L. Hesselink, Appl. Opt. 24, 4046 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (3)

E. Bar-Ziv, S. Sgulim, O. Kafri, E. Keren, Appl. Opt. 22, 698 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Okoshi, M. Nishimura, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 9 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Special issue on Computerized Tomography, Proc. IEEE 71(3) (1983). Special issue on Industrial Applications of Computed Tomography and NMR Imaging, Appl. Opt. 24(23) (1985).

1982 (1)

P. Francois, I. Saski, M. J. Adams, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 524 (1982); C. Saekeang, P. L. Chu, T. W. Whitbread, Appl. Opt. 19, 2025 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1971 (2)

R. D. Matulka, D. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1109 (1971); F. Bedarida, L. Zefiro, P. Boccacci, J. Cryst. Growth 61, 641 (1983).
[CrossRef]

G. N. Ramachandran, A. V. Lakshminarayanan, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 68, 2236 (1971).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adams, M. J.

P. Francois, I. Saski, M. J. Adams, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 524 (1982); C. Saekeang, P. L. Chu, T. W. Whitbread, Appl. Opt. 19, 2025 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ashkenas, H.

H. Ashkenas, F. S. Sherman, in Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics, J. H. deLeeuw, ed. (Academic, New York, 1966), Suppl. 3, Vol. 2, p. 84; J. C. McDaniel, B. Hiller, R. K. Hanson, Opt. Lett. 8, 51 (1983).

Bar-Ziv, E.

Byer, R. L.

Collins, D. J.

R. D. Matulka, D. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1109 (1971); F. Bedarida, L. Zefiro, P. Boccacci, J. Cryst. Growth 61, 641 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Faris, G. W.

Francois, P.

P. Francois, I. Saski, M. J. Adams, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 524 (1982); C. Saekeang, P. L. Chu, T. W. Whitbread, Appl. Opt. 19, 2025 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hertz, H. M.

H. M. Hertz, Opt. Commun. 54, 131 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hesselink, L.

Kafri, O.

Keren, E.

Lakshminarayanan, A. V.

G. N. Ramachandran, A. V. Lakshminarayanan, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 68, 2236 (1971).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matulka, R. D.

R. D. Matulka, D. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1109 (1971); F. Bedarida, L. Zefiro, P. Boccacci, J. Cryst. Growth 61, 641 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, M.

T. Okoshi, M. Nishimura, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 9 (1983).
[CrossRef]

T. Okoshi, M. Nishimura, Appl. Opt. 20, 2407 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, M. Nishimura, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 9 (1983).
[CrossRef]

T. Okoshi, M. Nishimura, Appl. Opt. 20, 2407 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Owen, P. L.

P. L. Owen, C. K. Thornhill, Aeronautical Research Council Reports and Memorandum No. 2616 (H. M. Stationery Office, London, 1952).

Ramachandran, G. N.

G. N. Ramachandran, A. V. Lakshminarayanan, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 68, 2236 (1971).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ray, S. R.

S. R. Ray, H. G. Semerjian, in Combustion Diagnostics by Nonintrusive Methods, T. D. McCay, J. A. Roux, eds. (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, New York, 1984), p. 300.

Saski, I.

P. Francois, I. Saski, M. J. Adams, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 524 (1982); C. Saekeang, P. L. Chu, T. W. Whitbread, Appl. Opt. 19, 2025 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Semerjian, H. G.

S. R. Ray, H. G. Semerjian, in Combustion Diagnostics by Nonintrusive Methods, T. D. McCay, J. A. Roux, eds. (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, New York, 1984), p. 300.

Sgulim, S.

Sherman, F. S.

H. Ashkenas, F. S. Sherman, in Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics, J. H. deLeeuw, ed. (Academic, New York, 1966), Suppl. 3, Vol. 2, p. 84; J. C. McDaniel, B. Hiller, R. K. Hanson, Opt. Lett. 8, 51 (1983).

F. S. Sherman, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 (personal communication).

Snyder, R.

Thompson, P. A.

P. A. Thompson, Compressible-Fluid Dynamics, (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1972).

Thornhill, C. K.

P. L. Owen, C. K. Thornhill, Aeronautical Research Council Reports and Memorandum No. 2616 (H. M. Stationery Office, London, 1952).

Vest, C. M.

C. M. Vest, Appl. Opt, 24, 4089 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinberg, F. J.

F. J. Weinberg, Optics of Flames (Butterworth, Washington, D.C., 1963).

Appl. Opt (1)

C. M. Vest, Appl. Opt, 24, 4089 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (3)

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

T. Okoshi, M. Nishimura, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 9 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Francois, I. Saski, M. J. Adams, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 524 (1982); C. Saekeang, P. L. Chu, T. W. Whitbread, Appl. Opt. 19, 2025 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. D. Matulka, D. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1109 (1971); F. Bedarida, L. Zefiro, P. Boccacci, J. Cryst. Growth 61, 641 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. M. Hertz, Opt. Commun. 54, 131 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

Special issue on Computerized Tomography, Proc. IEEE 71(3) (1983). Special issue on Industrial Applications of Computed Tomography and NMR Imaging, Appl. Opt. 24(23) (1985).

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

G. N. Ramachandran, A. V. Lakshminarayanan, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 68, 2236 (1971).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (6)

F. J. Weinberg, Optics of Flames (Butterworth, Washington, D.C., 1963).

P. A. Thompson, Compressible-Fluid Dynamics, (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1972).

F. S. Sherman, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 (personal communication).

P. L. Owen, C. K. Thornhill, Aeronautical Research Council Reports and Memorandum No. 2616 (H. M. Stationery Office, London, 1952).

H. Ashkenas, F. S. Sherman, in Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics, J. H. deLeeuw, ed. (Academic, New York, 1966), Suppl. 3, Vol. 2, p. 84; J. C. McDaniel, B. Hiller, R. K. Hanson, Opt. Lett. 8, 51 (1983).

S. R. Ray, H. G. Semerjian, in Combustion Diagnostics by Nonintrusive Methods, T. D. McCay, J. A. Roux, eds. (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, New York, 1984), p. 300.

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