Abstract

We give experimental results for amplitude and phase modulation by free-carrier injection in planar and rib waveguides at a wavelength of 10.6 μm. These waveguides have been formed by metal-organic chemical-vapor deposition of InP and GaInAs layers on InP substrates. Absorptions of 95% associated with phase shifts greater than 3π have been measured for injection-current densities below 1 A/cm2 with a planar guiding structure and drive currents of approximately 10 mA for typical channel waveguides.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. B. McQuistan, J. W. Schultz, J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1243 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. de Cremoux, E. Leiba, Proc. IEEE 57, 1674 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. H. Seib, H. H. Stoll, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 305 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Guided Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 24.
  5. D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, B. de Cremoux, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 288 (1986).

1986 (1)

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, B. de Cremoux, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 288 (1986).

1977 (1)

D. H. Seib, H. H. Stoll, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 305 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

B. de Cremoux, E. Leiba, Proc. IEEE 57, 1674 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

R. B. McQuistan, J. W. Schultz, J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1243 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Chevrier, J.

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, B. de Cremoux, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 288 (1986).

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Guided Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 24.

de Bouard, A.

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, B. de Cremoux, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 288 (1986).

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Guided Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 24.

de Cremoux, B.

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, B. de Cremoux, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 288 (1986).

B. de Cremoux, E. Leiba, Proc. IEEE 57, 1674 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Delacourt, D.

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, B. de Cremoux, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 288 (1986).

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Guided Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 24.

di Forte-Poisson, M. A.

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, B. de Cremoux, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 288 (1986).

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Guided Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 24.

Hirtz, J. P.

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, B. de Cremoux, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 288 (1986).

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Guided Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 24.

Leiba, E.

B. de Cremoux, E. Leiba, Proc. IEEE 57, 1674 (1969).
[CrossRef]

McQuistan, R. B.

R. B. McQuistan, J. W. Schultz, J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1243 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Papuchon, M.

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, B. de Cremoux, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 288 (1986).

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Guided Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 24.

Razeghi, M.

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, B. de Cremoux, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 288 (1986).

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Guided Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 24.

Schultz, J. W.

R. B. McQuistan, J. W. Schultz, J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1243 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Seib, D. H.

D. H. Seib, H. H. Stoll, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 305 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Stoll, H. H.

D. H. Seib, H. H. Stoll, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 305 (1977).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. H. Seib, H. H. Stoll, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 305 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. B. McQuistan, J. W. Schultz, J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1243 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

B. de Cremoux, E. Leiba, Proc. IEEE 57, 1674 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, B. de Cremoux, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 651, 288 (1986).

Other (1)

D. Delacourt, J. Chevrier, A. de Bouard, J. P. Hirtz, M. A. di Forte-Poisson, M. Razeghi, M. Papuchon, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Guided Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 24.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Planar waveguide configuration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Results obtained with the active planar waveguide: shape of the injection current versus time (a); corresponding intensity (b) and phase (c) variations of the TE0 mode for a 7-mm-long interaction.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Rib waveguide structure configuration.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Variations of the TE00 mode output intensity for an 8-mm-long interaction versus the injection current in a 20-μm-wide (a) and a 40-μm-wide (b) rib waveguide.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Shape of the TE00 mode of a 20-μm-wide (a) and a 40-μm-wide (b) rib waveguide obtained with a low-frequency infrared imaging system.

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