Abstract

A Mg-ion in-diffusion process was applied to form an optical guiding structure in LiNbO3 single-crystal fibers. A parabolic refractive-index profile was formed in a 56-μm-diameter, c-axis MgO:LiNbO3 fiber, yielding quasi-single-mode (two modes) propagation.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. M. Fejer, L. J. Nightingale, G. A. Magel, R. L. Byer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 55, 1791 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. M. Fejer, J. L. Nightingale, G. A. Magel, T. Y. Fan, W. Kozlovski, R. L. Byer, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), p. 165.
  3. A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 262 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. J. F. Digonnet, C. Gaeta, D. O'Meara, H. J. Shaw, “title of paper,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 642 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Noda, M. Fukuma, S. Saito, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 3151 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 607 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Crank, The Mathematics of Diffusion, 2nd ed. (Clarendon, Oxford, 1975).
  8. A. Cordova-Plaza, S. Sudo, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Cladding of LiNbO3 single-crystal fibers for modulator, laser, and nonlinear applications,” to be submitted to Opt. Lett.
  9. J. E. Midwinter, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3033 (1968).
    [CrossRef]

1987

A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 262 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. J. F. Digonnet, C. Gaeta, D. O'Meara, H. J. Shaw, “title of paper,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 642 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984

M. M. Fejer, L. J. Nightingale, G. A. Magel, R. L. Byer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 55, 1791 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 607 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1978

J. Noda, M. Fukuma, S. Saito, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 3151 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1968

J. E. Midwinter, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3033 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Fejer, L. J. Nightingale, G. A. Magel, R. L. Byer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 55, 1791 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. Cordova-Plaza, S. Sudo, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Cladding of LiNbO3 single-crystal fibers for modulator, laser, and nonlinear applications,” to be submitted to Opt. Lett.

M. M. Fejer, J. L. Nightingale, G. A. Magel, T. Y. Fan, W. Kozlovski, R. L. Byer, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), p. 165.

Cordova-Plaza, A.

A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 262 (1987).
[CrossRef]

A. Cordova-Plaza, S. Sudo, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Cladding of LiNbO3 single-crystal fibers for modulator, laser, and nonlinear applications,” to be submitted to Opt. Lett.

Crank, J.

J. Crank, The Mathematics of Diffusion, 2nd ed. (Clarendon, Oxford, 1975).

Digonnet, M. J. F.

A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 262 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. J. F. Digonnet, C. Gaeta, D. O'Meara, H. J. Shaw, “title of paper,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 642 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

M. M. Fejer, J. L. Nightingale, G. A. Magel, T. Y. Fan, W. Kozlovski, R. L. Byer, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), p. 165.

Fejer, M. M.

M. M. Fejer, L. J. Nightingale, G. A. Magel, R. L. Byer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 55, 1791 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, J. L. Nightingale, G. A. Magel, T. Y. Fan, W. Kozlovski, R. L. Byer, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), p. 165.

Fukuma, M.

J. Noda, M. Fukuma, S. Saito, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 3151 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, C.

M. J. F. Digonnet, C. Gaeta, D. O'Meara, H. J. Shaw, “title of paper,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 642 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, J. L.

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 607 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovski, W.

M. M. Fejer, J. L. Nightingale, G. A. Magel, T. Y. Fan, W. Kozlovski, R. L. Byer, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), p. 165.

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, L. J. Nightingale, G. A. Magel, R. L. Byer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 55, 1791 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, J. L. Nightingale, G. A. Magel, T. Y. Fan, W. Kozlovski, R. L. Byer, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), p. 165.

Midwinter, J. E.

J. E. Midwinter, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3033 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Nightingale, J. L.

M. M. Fejer, J. L. Nightingale, G. A. Magel, T. Y. Fan, W. Kozlovski, R. L. Byer, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), p. 165.

Nightingale, L. J.

M. M. Fejer, L. J. Nightingale, G. A. Magel, R. L. Byer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 55, 1791 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Noda, J.

J. Noda, M. Fukuma, S. Saito, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 3151 (1978).
[CrossRef]

O'Meara, D.

M. J. F. Digonnet, C. Gaeta, D. O'Meara, H. J. Shaw, “title of paper,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 642 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rice, C. E.

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 607 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Saito, S.

J. Noda, M. Fukuma, S. Saito, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 3151 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 262 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. J. F. Digonnet, C. Gaeta, D. O'Meara, H. J. Shaw, “title of paper,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 642 (1987).
[CrossRef]

A. Cordova-Plaza, S. Sudo, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Cladding of LiNbO3 single-crystal fibers for modulator, laser, and nonlinear applications,” to be submitted to Opt. Lett.

Sudo, S.

A. Cordova-Plaza, S. Sudo, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Cladding of LiNbO3 single-crystal fibers for modulator, laser, and nonlinear applications,” to be submitted to Opt. Lett.

Veselka, J. J.

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 607 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 607 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

M. J. F. Digonnet, C. Gaeta, D. O'Meara, H. J. Shaw, “title of paper,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 642 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 262 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

J. E. Midwinter, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3033 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Noda, M. Fukuma, S. Saito, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 3151 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

M. M. Fejer, L. J. Nightingale, G. A. Magel, R. L. Byer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 55, 1791 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. M. Fejer, J. L. Nightingale, G. A. Magel, T. Y. Fan, W. Kozlovski, R. L. Byer, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), p. 165.

J. Crank, The Mathematics of Diffusion, 2nd ed. (Clarendon, Oxford, 1975).

A. Cordova-Plaza, S. Sudo, R. L. Byer, H. J. Shaw, “Cladding of LiNbO3 single-crystal fibers for modulator, laser, and nonlinear applications,” to be submitted to Opt. Lett.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photograph of the end face of the c-axis, 56-μm MgO:LiNbO3 single-crystal fiber with Mg-ion in-diffused cladding. This photograph was taken under reflected light.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The ratio of Mg to (Mg + Nb) concentration versus the distance from the fiber edge measured with a microprobe.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Refractive-index profile of the c-axis, 56-µm; MgO: LiNbO3 single-crystal fiber with Mg-ion in-diffused cladding.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Setup for mode-propagation experiment and ouput-beam patterns. (a) Experimental setup. (b) Output-beam pattern for the vertical polarization. (c) Output-beam pattern for the horizontal polarization.

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