Abstract

All-optical flip-flop operation in a Fabry–Perot-type optical bistable device (OBD) is investigated. The OBD is switched both from OFF to ON and ON to OFF using two lights of different frequencies as trigger pulses. We present the theoretical calculation, obtained by applying a conventional expression for a dispersive OBD to the two-light input case, and the experimental observation, in which a semiconductor laser amplifier is used as a bistable device.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light (Academic, New York, 1985).
  2. P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, P. J. Maloney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 207 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. A. P. Tooley, S. D. Smith, T. Seaton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 807 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Ogasawara, R. Ito, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, L739 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. S. Tarng, K. Tai, J. L. Jewell, H. M. Gibbs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 205 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Okumura, Y. Ogawa, H. Ito, H. Inaba, in Digest of 13th International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.., 1984), paper TuBB2.
  7. J. M. Liu, Y. C. Chen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 298 (1985).
  8. H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 21, 992 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Otsuka, H. Iwamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1184 (1983).
    [CrossRef]

1986 (1)

N. Ogasawara, R. Ito, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, L739 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

J. M. Liu, Y. C. Chen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 298 (1985).

H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 21, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

K. Otsuka, H. Iwamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1184 (1983).
[CrossRef]

F. A. P. Tooley, S. D. Smith, T. Seaton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 807 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

S. S. Tarng, K. Tai, J. L. Jewell, H. M. Gibbs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 205 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, P. J. Maloney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 207 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Adams, M. J.

H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 21, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. C.

J. M. Liu, Y. C. Chen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 298 (1985).

Gibbs, H.

H. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light (Academic, New York, 1985).

Gibbs, H. M.

S. S. Tarng, K. Tai, J. L. Jewell, H. M. Gibbs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 205 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, H.

K. Okumura, Y. Ogawa, H. Ito, H. Inaba, in Digest of 13th International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.., 1984), paper TuBB2.

Ito, H.

K. Okumura, Y. Ogawa, H. Ito, H. Inaba, in Digest of 13th International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.., 1984), paper TuBB2.

Ito, R.

N. Ogasawara, R. Ito, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, L739 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Iwamura, H.

K. Otsuka, H. Iwamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1184 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Jewell, J. L.

S. S. Tarng, K. Tai, J. L. Jewell, H. M. Gibbs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 205 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. M.

J. M. Liu, Y. C. Chen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 298 (1985).

Maloney, P. J.

P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, P. J. Maloney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 207 (1978).
[CrossRef]

O'Mahony, M. J.

H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 21, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ogasawara, N.

N. Ogasawara, R. Ito, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, L739 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, Y.

K. Okumura, Y. Ogawa, H. Ito, H. Inaba, in Digest of 13th International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.., 1984), paper TuBB2.

Okumura, K.

K. Okumura, Y. Ogawa, H. Ito, H. Inaba, in Digest of 13th International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.., 1984), paper TuBB2.

Otsuka, K.

K. Otsuka, H. Iwamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1184 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Seaton, T.

F. A. P. Tooley, S. D. Smith, T. Seaton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 807 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. W.

P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, P. J. Maloney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 207 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Smith, S. D.

F. A. P. Tooley, S. D. Smith, T. Seaton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 807 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Tai, K.

S. S. Tarng, K. Tai, J. L. Jewell, H. M. Gibbs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 205 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Tarng, S. S.

S. S. Tarng, K. Tai, J. L. Jewell, H. M. Gibbs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 205 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Tooley, F. A. P.

F. A. P. Tooley, S. D. Smith, T. Seaton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 807 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Turner, E. H.

P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, P. J. Maloney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 207 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Westlake, H. J.

H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 21, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

F. A. P. Tooley, S. D. Smith, T. Seaton, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 807 (1983).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Tarng, K. Tai, J. L. Jewell, H. M. Gibbs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 205 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. J. Westlake, M. J. Adams, M. J. O'Mahony, Electron. Lett. 21, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

K. Otsuka, H. Iwamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1184 (1983).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, P. J. Maloney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 207 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Liu, Y. C. Chen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 298 (1985).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

N. Ogasawara, R. Ito, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, L739 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

H. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light (Academic, New York, 1985).

K. Okumura, Y. Ogawa, H. Ito, H. Inaba, in Digest of 13th International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.., 1984), paper TuBB2.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmittance characteristics (Pout1 versus Pin1) in a dispersive bistable device with two input lights of different frequencies. Solid lines, cos(Δωt + θ) = ±1 with ω2 incident light; dashed line, without ω2 incident light. Parameters used are δ = 3.05, R = 0.95, and Pin2 = 0.005. Light intensities are normalized as K × Pin1Pin1, K × Pout1Pout1, and K × Pin2Pin2.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup. OBD, semiconductor laser amplifier bistable device; LD1, LD2, distributed-feedback laser diodes; PBS's, polarization beam splitters; Det.'s, detectors; AO Mod., acousto-optic modulator; F-P, Fabry–Perot interferometer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental result recorded by an X-t recorder. Upper trace, input power of ω2 light from LD2; middle trace, input power of ω1 light from LD1; lower trace, OBD output power.

Equations (5)

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E out 1 = 1 R 1 R exp ( 2 i ϕ 1 ) E in 1 exp [ i ( ω 1 t ϕ 1 + θ 1 ) ] ,
E out 2 = 1 R 1 R exp ( 2 i ϕ 2 ) E in 2 exp [ i ( ω 2 t ϕ 2 + θ 2 ) ] ,
P out 1 = ( 1 R ) 2 ( 1 R ) 2 + 4 R sin 2 ϕ 1 P in 1 ,
P out 2 = ( 1 R ) 2 ( 1 R ) 2 + 4 R sin 2 ϕ 1 P in 2 .
ϕ 1 = n l / c ω 1 = ( n 0 + K | E out 1 + E out 2 | 2 ) K = δ + K [ | E out 1 | 2 + | E out 2 | 2 + 2 | E out 1 | | E out 2 | × cos ( Δ ω t + θ ) ] = δ + K [ P out 1 + P out 2 + 2 P out 1 P out 2 × cos ( Δ ω t + θ ) ] ,

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