Abstract

A new approach to pure rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) and coherent Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CSRS) is demonstrated in which the pump and broadband Stokes lasers that are mixed have a large and arbitrary spectral separation. In this method, the rotational Raman coherences are established by different frequency components within the single, broadband Stokes source. The narrow band then scatters from the excited coherences, producing CARS and CSRS simultaneously. We discuss phase matching for this new technique and its inherent advantages relative to pure rotational CARS as normally implemented.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. C. Eckbreth, P. A. Bonczyk, J. F. Verdieck, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 5, 253 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. H. Bechtel, C. J. Dasch, R. E. Teets, in Laser Applications, J. F. Ready, R. K. Erf, eds. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1984), Vol. 5, p. 129.
  3. S. A. J. Druet, J. P. E. Taran, Prog. Quantum Electron. 7, 1 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. J. Hall, A. C. Eckbreth, in Laser Applications, J. F. Ready, R. K. Erf, eds. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1984), Vol. 5, p. 213.
  5. D. V. Murphy, R. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 6, 233 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. B. Zheng, J. B. Snow, D. V. Murphy, A. Leipertz, R. K. Chang, R. L. Farrow, Opt. Lett. 9, 341 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. A. Shirley, R. J. Hall, A. C. Eckbreth, Opt. Lett. 5, 380 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Prior, Appl. Opt. 19, 1741 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. C. Eckbreth, T. J. Anderson, Appl. Opt. 24, 2731 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. B. Zheng, A. Leipertz, J. B. Snow, R. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 8, 350 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. C. Eckbreth, G. M. Dobbs, J. H. Stufflebeam, P. A. Tellex, Appl. Opt. 23, 1328 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. E. Teets, Opt. Lett. 9, 226 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. Loudon, Quantum Theory of Light (Clarendon, Oxford, 1973).
  14. D. R. Snelling, R. A. Sawchuk, R. E. Mueller, Appl. Opt. 24, 2771 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. R. Snelling, G. J. Smallwood, R. A. Sawchuk, T. Parameswaran, in Advanced Instrumentation for Aero Engine Components, AGARD Conf. Proc. (to be published).

1985 (2)

1984 (3)

1983 (1)

1981 (2)

S. A. J. Druet, J. P. E. Taran, Prog. Quantum Electron. 7, 1 (1981).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Murphy, R. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 6, 233 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (2)

1979 (1)

A. C. Eckbreth, P. A. Bonczyk, J. F. Verdieck, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 5, 253 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, T. J.

Bechtel, J. H.

J. H. Bechtel, C. J. Dasch, R. E. Teets, in Laser Applications, J. F. Ready, R. K. Erf, eds. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1984), Vol. 5, p. 129.

Bonczyk, P. A.

A. C. Eckbreth, P. A. Bonczyk, J. F. Verdieck, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 5, 253 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. K.

Dasch, C. J.

J. H. Bechtel, C. J. Dasch, R. E. Teets, in Laser Applications, J. F. Ready, R. K. Erf, eds. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1984), Vol. 5, p. 129.

Dobbs, G. M.

Druet, S. A. J.

S. A. J. Druet, J. P. E. Taran, Prog. Quantum Electron. 7, 1 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Eckbreth, A. C.

A. C. Eckbreth, T. J. Anderson, Appl. Opt. 24, 2731 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Eckbreth, G. M. Dobbs, J. H. Stufflebeam, P. A. Tellex, Appl. Opt. 23, 1328 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Shirley, R. J. Hall, A. C. Eckbreth, Opt. Lett. 5, 380 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Eckbreth, P. A. Bonczyk, J. F. Verdieck, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 5, 253 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Hall, A. C. Eckbreth, in Laser Applications, J. F. Ready, R. K. Erf, eds. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1984), Vol. 5, p. 213.

Farrow, R. L.

Hall, R. J.

J. A. Shirley, R. J. Hall, A. C. Eckbreth, Opt. Lett. 5, 380 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Hall, A. C. Eckbreth, in Laser Applications, J. F. Ready, R. K. Erf, eds. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1984), Vol. 5, p. 213.

Leipertz, A.

Loudon, R.

R. Loudon, Quantum Theory of Light (Clarendon, Oxford, 1973).

Mueller, R. E.

Murphy, D. V.

Parameswaran, T.

D. R. Snelling, G. J. Smallwood, R. A. Sawchuk, T. Parameswaran, in Advanced Instrumentation for Aero Engine Components, AGARD Conf. Proc. (to be published).

Prior, Y.

Sawchuk, R. A.

D. R. Snelling, R. A. Sawchuk, R. E. Mueller, Appl. Opt. 24, 2771 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Snelling, G. J. Smallwood, R. A. Sawchuk, T. Parameswaran, in Advanced Instrumentation for Aero Engine Components, AGARD Conf. Proc. (to be published).

Shirley, J. A.

Smallwood, G. J.

D. R. Snelling, G. J. Smallwood, R. A. Sawchuk, T. Parameswaran, in Advanced Instrumentation for Aero Engine Components, AGARD Conf. Proc. (to be published).

Snelling, D. R.

D. R. Snelling, R. A. Sawchuk, R. E. Mueller, Appl. Opt. 24, 2771 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Snelling, G. J. Smallwood, R. A. Sawchuk, T. Parameswaran, in Advanced Instrumentation for Aero Engine Components, AGARD Conf. Proc. (to be published).

Snow, J. B.

Stufflebeam, J. H.

Taran, J. P. E.

S. A. J. Druet, J. P. E. Taran, Prog. Quantum Electron. 7, 1 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Teets, R. E.

R. E. Teets, Opt. Lett. 9, 226 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Bechtel, C. J. Dasch, R. E. Teets, in Laser Applications, J. F. Ready, R. K. Erf, eds. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1984), Vol. 5, p. 129.

Tellex, P. A.

Verdieck, J. F.

A. C. Eckbreth, P. A. Bonczyk, J. F. Verdieck, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 5, 253 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, J. B.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. (1)

A. C. Eckbreth, P. A. Bonczyk, J. F. Verdieck, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 5, 253 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. A. J. Druet, J. P. E. Taran, Prog. Quantum Electron. 7, 1 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

R. J. Hall, A. C. Eckbreth, in Laser Applications, J. F. Ready, R. K. Erf, eds. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1984), Vol. 5, p. 213.

J. H. Bechtel, C. J. Dasch, R. E. Teets, in Laser Applications, J. F. Ready, R. K. Erf, eds. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1984), Vol. 5, p. 129.

R. Loudon, Quantum Theory of Light (Clarendon, Oxford, 1973).

D. R. Snelling, G. J. Smallwood, R. A. Sawchuk, T. Parameswaran, in Advanced Instrumentation for Aero Engine Components, AGARD Conf. Proc. (to be published).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Dual, broadband Stokes approach to simultaneous, multiple-species CARS measurements for vibrational resonances ωv. ω1 is the pump frequency, and ω2 and ω2′ are the two Stokes sources. Frequency increases from right to left. (b) Spectral placement of Stokes sources for dual, broadband excitation of pure rotational resonances. (c) New approach to pure rotational CARS/CSRS employing a single, broadband Stokes source with arbitrary spectral separation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a), (b) Phase-matching diagrams for simultaneous, pure rotational CARS/CSRS with a spectrally arbitrary single Stokes source. (c) Laser-beam arrangement for experimental demonstrations reported here.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pure rotational CARS/CSRS spectrum of N2 at ambient temperature.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pure rotational CARS/CSRS spectrum of O2.

Metrics