Abstract

An optical fiber whose structure is similar to that of the PANDA fiber, but with two open channels in the place of the stress members, is investigated. Variations of the internal or external gas pressure permit tuning of the fiber birefringence (10−4 rad m−1 Pa−1) over a wide range, including sign reversal, and application as a pressure sensor.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Ulrich, IEE Conf. Publ. (London) 221, 17 (1983).
  3. T. Hosaka, K. Okarnoto, T. Miya, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. F. Nye, Physical Properties of Crystals (Oxford U. Press, London, 1969).
  5. We find (π11 − π12) = (p11 − p12) (1 + ν)/E from the pij elasto-optic coefficients. D. E. Gray, ed., American Institute of Physics Handbook, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1972).

1983

R. Ulrich, IEE Conf. Publ. (London) 221, 17 (1983).

1982

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981

T. Hosaka, K. Okarnoto, T. Miya, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Bucaro, J. A.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Cole, J. H.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Dandridge, A.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Edahiro, T.

T. Hosaka, K. Okarnoto, T. Miya, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Giallorenzi, T. G.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hosaka, T.

T. Hosaka, K. Okarnoto, T. Miya, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Miya, T.

T. Hosaka, K. Okarnoto, T. Miya, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Nye, J. F.

J. F. Nye, Physical Properties of Crystals (Oxford U. Press, London, 1969).

Okarnoto, K.

T. Hosaka, K. Okarnoto, T. Miya, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Priest, R. G.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Rashleigh, S. C.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, Y.

T. Hosaka, K. Okarnoto, T. Miya, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Sigel, G. H.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ulrich, R.

R. Ulrich, IEE Conf. Publ. (London) 221, 17 (1983).

Electron. Lett.

T. Hosaka, K. Okarnoto, T. Miya, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEE Conf. Publ. (London)

R. Ulrich, IEE Conf. Publ. (London) 221, 17 (1983).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. F. Nye, Physical Properties of Crystals (Oxford U. Press, London, 1969).

We find (π11 − π12) = (p11 − p12) (1 + ν)/E from the pij elasto-optic coefficients. D. E. Gray, ed., American Institute of Physics Handbook, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1972).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Cross section of side-hole fiber. (b) Square model of side-hole fiber, used for approximate calculations. (c) Photograph of experimental fiber: approximate dimensions 2b = 190 μm; 2r0 = 58 μm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured birefringence of experimental side-hole fiber as a function of external pressure (right-hand part of graph) and of internal pressure (left-hand part).

Equations (3)

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B β x - β y = - S i p i ,
S i = - ( π n 0 3 b / λ w ) ( π 11 - π 12 ) .
B = B T + S o p o - S i p i ,

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