Abstract

We report on diode-laser pumping of monolithic Nd:glass laser oscillators. End pumping with a single-stripe diode laser, a threshold of 2.2 mW, and a slope efficiency of 42% were observed on a 2-mm-long oscillator with a mode radius of 35 μm. The oscillator generated 2.5 mW of single-ended output power in many (>20) axial modes.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Zhou, T. J. Kane, G. J. Dixon, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 10, 62 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. Zhou, T. J. Kane, G. J. Dixon, R. L. Byer, in Digest of International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper MEE2.
  3. D. L. Sipes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 74 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Owyoung, G. R. Hadley, P. Esherick, R. L. Schmitt, L. A. Rahn, Opt. Lett. 10, 484 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. L. Schmitt, L. A. Rahn, Appl. Opt. 25, 629 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. Baer, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1985), paper THZZ1.
  7. T. Y. Fan, G. J. Dixon, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 11, 204 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. L. Byer, G. J. Dixon, T. J. Kane, W. J. Kozlovsky, B. Zhou, in Laser Spectrscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch, Y. R. Shen, eds (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), p. 350.
  9. T. Baer, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), paper WG3.
  10. I. P. Alcock, A. I. Furguson, Opt. Commun. 58, 417 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Hoya Glass Data Sheets, 3400 Edison Way, Fremont, Calif. 94538.
  12. W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1976), p. 54; A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1981), p. 241.
  13. K. Kubodera, K. Otsuka, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 653 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Huber, “Miniature neodymium lasers,” in Current Topics in Material Science, E. Kaldis, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1980), Vol. 4, p. 1.
  15. M. J. F. Digonnet, C. J. Gaeta, Appl. Opt. 24, 333 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. H. G. Danielmeyer, “Stoichiometric laser materials,” in Festkörperprobleme, H.-J. Quesser, ed. (Pergamon/Vieweg, Braunschweig, 1975), Vol. XV, p. 253.
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Kishida, K. Washio, S. Yoshikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 273 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Stone, C. A. Burrus, Appl. Opt. 13, 1256 (1974).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electon. Lett. 21, 738 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  20. B. I. Denker, A. A. Izyneev, I. I. Kuratev, Yu. V. Tsvetkov, A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1167 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. G. Hall, R. J. Smith, R. R. Rice, Appl. Opt. 19, 3041 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. L. Yan, J. D. Ling, P.-T. Ho, C.H. Lee, Opt. Lett. 11, 502 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (4)

1985 (5)

1980 (2)

B. I. Denker, A. A. Izyneev, I. I. Kuratev, Yu. V. Tsvetkov, A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1167 (1980).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Hall, R. J. Smith, R. R. Rice, Appl. Opt. 19, 3041 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (2)

S. Kishida, K. Washio, S. Yoshikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 273 (1979).
[CrossRef]

K. Kubodera, K. Otsuka, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 653 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

Alcock, I. P.

I. P. Alcock, A. I. Furguson, Opt. Commun. 58, 417 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Baer, T.

T. Baer, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), paper WG3.

T. Baer, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1985), paper THZZ1.

Burrus, C. A.

Byer, R. L.

T. Y. Fan, G. J. Dixon, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 11, 204 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhou, T. J. Kane, G. J. Dixon, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 10, 62 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Byer, G. J. Dixon, T. J. Kane, W. J. Kozlovsky, B. Zhou, in Laser Spectrscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch, Y. R. Shen, eds (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), p. 350.

B. Zhou, T. J. Kane, G. J. Dixon, R. L. Byer, in Digest of International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper MEE2.

Danielmeyer, H. G.

H. G. Danielmeyer, “Stoichiometric laser materials,” in Festkörperprobleme, H.-J. Quesser, ed. (Pergamon/Vieweg, Braunschweig, 1975), Vol. XV, p. 253.
[CrossRef]

Denker, B. I.

B. I. Denker, A. A. Izyneev, I. I. Kuratev, Yu. V. Tsvetkov, A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1167 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Dixon, G. J.

T. Y. Fan, G. J. Dixon, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 11, 204 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhou, T. J. Kane, G. J. Dixon, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 10, 62 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Byer, G. J. Dixon, T. J. Kane, W. J. Kozlovsky, B. Zhou, in Laser Spectrscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch, Y. R. Shen, eds (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), p. 350.

B. Zhou, T. J. Kane, G. J. Dixon, R. L. Byer, in Digest of International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper MEE2.

Esherick, P.

Fan, T. Y.

Furguson, A. I.

I. P. Alcock, A. I. Furguson, Opt. Commun. 58, 417 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, C. J.

Hadley, G. R.

Hall, D. G.

Ho, P.-T.

Huber, G.

G. Huber, “Miniature neodymium lasers,” in Current Topics in Material Science, E. Kaldis, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1980), Vol. 4, p. 1.

Izyneev, A. A.

B. I. Denker, A. A. Izyneev, I. I. Kuratev, Yu. V. Tsvetkov, A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1167 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kane, T. J.

B. Zhou, T. J. Kane, G. J. Dixon, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 10, 62 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Byer, G. J. Dixon, T. J. Kane, W. J. Kozlovsky, B. Zhou, in Laser Spectrscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch, Y. R. Shen, eds (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), p. 350.

B. Zhou, T. J. Kane, G. J. Dixon, R. L. Byer, in Digest of International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper MEE2.

Kishida, S.

S. Kishida, K. Washio, S. Yoshikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 273 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1976), p. 54; A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1981), p. 241.

Kozlovsky, W. J.

R. L. Byer, G. J. Dixon, T. J. Kane, W. J. Kozlovsky, B. Zhou, in Laser Spectrscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch, Y. R. Shen, eds (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), p. 350.

Kubodera, K.

K. Kubodera, K. Otsuka, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 653 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Kuratev, I. I.

B. I. Denker, A. A. Izyneev, I. I. Kuratev, Yu. V. Tsvetkov, A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1167 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.H.

Ling, J. D.

Mears, R. J.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electon. Lett. 21, 738 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, K.

K. Kubodera, K. Otsuka, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 653 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Owyoung, A.

Payne, D. N.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electon. Lett. 21, 738 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S. B.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electon. Lett. 21, 738 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Rahn, L. A.

Reekie, L.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electon. Lett. 21, 738 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Rice, R. R.

Schmitt, R. L.

Shestakov, A. V.

B. I. Denker, A. A. Izyneev, I. I. Kuratev, Yu. V. Tsvetkov, A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1167 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Sipes, D. L.

D. L. Sipes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 74 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. J.

Stone, J.

Tsvetkov, Yu. V.

B. I. Denker, A. A. Izyneev, I. I. Kuratev, Yu. V. Tsvetkov, A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1167 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Washio, K.

S. Kishida, K. Washio, S. Yoshikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 273 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Yan, L.

Yoshikawa, S.

S. Kishida, K. Washio, S. Yoshikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 273 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, B.

B. Zhou, T. J. Kane, G. J. Dixon, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 10, 62 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhou, T. J. Kane, G. J. Dixon, R. L. Byer, in Digest of International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper MEE2.

R. L. Byer, G. J. Dixon, T. J. Kane, W. J. Kozlovsky, B. Zhou, in Laser Spectrscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch, Y. R. Shen, eds (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), p. 350.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Kishida, K. Washio, S. Yoshikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 273 (1979).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Sipes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 74 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Electon. Lett. (1)

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electon. Lett. 21, 738 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Kubodera, K. Otsuka, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 653 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

I. P. Alcock, A. I. Furguson, Opt. Commun. 58, 417 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. I. Denker, A. A. Izyneev, I. I. Kuratev, Yu. V. Tsvetkov, A. V. Shestakov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1167 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

H. G. Danielmeyer, “Stoichiometric laser materials,” in Festkörperprobleme, H.-J. Quesser, ed. (Pergamon/Vieweg, Braunschweig, 1975), Vol. XV, p. 253.
[CrossRef]

Hoya Glass Data Sheets, 3400 Edison Way, Fremont, Calif. 94538.

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1976), p. 54; A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1981), p. 241.

G. Huber, “Miniature neodymium lasers,” in Current Topics in Material Science, E. Kaldis, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1980), Vol. 4, p. 1.

R. L. Byer, G. J. Dixon, T. J. Kane, W. J. Kozlovsky, B. Zhou, in Laser Spectrscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch, Y. R. Shen, eds (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), p. 350.

T. Baer, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), paper WG3.

T. Baer, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1985), paper THZZ1.

B. Zhou, T. J. Kane, G. J. Dixon, R. L. Byer, in Digest of International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper MEE2.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement. The diode-laser beam was collimated with a microscope objective, overlapped with a 585-nm dye-laser beam with a dichroic mirror (for ease of alignment), and then focused with a 5-cm lens.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of 3%-doped LHG-5 Nd:glass and 0.7%-doped Nd:YAG at the diode-laser pump bands.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The measured threshold and slope efficiency of a diode-laser-pumped monolithic LHG-5 Nd:glass oscillator. The squares are the experimental data points for output from both ends of the oscillator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The axial mode spectra of the 2-mm-long LHG-5 Nd:glass oscillator at 0.6, 1.0, and 1.7 mW of output power. The axial modes were resolved with a 1-m spectrometer.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Properties of Nd:Glasses

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P th = h ν p δ 2 σ τ π 2 ( w 0 2 ¯ + w p 2 ¯ )
η s = P out P abs - P th = f p T δ h ν 0 h ν p ,

Metrics