Abstract

Raman effects cause a continuous downshift of the mean frequency of pulses propagating in optical fibers. For solitons in silica fibers, the effect varies roughly with the inverse fourth power of the pulse width. At 1.5-μm wavelength in a fiber with 15 psec/nm/km time-of-flight dispersion, a soliton of 250-fsec duration is predicted to shift by its own spectral width after about 100m of propagation. The theory agrees well with recent measurements.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

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