Abstract

We describe the experimental discovery of a continuous shift in the optical frequency of a soliton pulse as it travels down the fiber. The effect is caused by a Raman self-pumping of the soliton, by which energy is transferred from the higher to the lower-frequency parts of its spectrum. For 120-fsec pulses, we have observed net frequency shifts as great as 10% of the optical frequency.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, Proc. IEEE 69, 1145 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. A. Golovchenko, E. M. Dianov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, JETP Lett. 42, 87 (1985).
  4. D. N. Christodoulides, R. I. Joseph, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 76 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Mitschke, L. F. Mollenauer, “Stabilizing the soliton laser,” submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.
  6. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 9, 13 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. F. Mollenauer, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 315, 437 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 11, 73 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. H. Stolen, C. Lee, R. K. Jain, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 652 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 157 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

1986 (2)

J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 11, 73 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 157 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (3)

L. F. Mollenauer, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 315, 437 (1985).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Golovchenko, E. M. Dianov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, JETP Lett. 42, 87 (1985).

D. N. Christodoulides, R. I. Joseph, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 76 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (2)

1981 (1)

A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, Proc. IEEE 69, 1145 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Christodoulides, D. N.

D. N. Christodoulides, R. I. Joseph, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 76 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

E. A. Golovchenko, E. M. Dianov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, JETP Lett. 42, 87 (1985).

Golovchenko, E. A.

E. A. Golovchenko, E. M. Dianov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, JETP Lett. 42, 87 (1985).

Gordon, J. P.

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 157 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 11, 73 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, A.

A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, Proc. IEEE 69, 1145 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Islam, M. N.

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 157 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Jain, R. K.

Joseph, R. I.

D. N. Christodoulides, R. I. Joseph, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 76 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, Y.

A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, Proc. IEEE 69, 1145 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.

Mitschke, F.

F. Mitschke, L. F. Mollenauer, “Stabilizing the soliton laser,” submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 157 (1986).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 315, 437 (1985).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 9, 13 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

F. Mitschke, L. F. Mollenauer, “Stabilizing the soliton laser,” submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Prokhorov, A. M.

E. A. Golovchenko, E. M. Dianov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, JETP Lett. 42, 87 (1985).

Serkin, V. N.

E. A. Golovchenko, E. M. Dianov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, JETP Lett. 42, 87 (1985).

Stolen, R. H.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. N. Christodoulides, R. I. Joseph, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 76 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 157 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

JETP Lett. (1)

E. A. Golovchenko, E. M. Dianov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, JETP Lett. 42, 87 (1985).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 315, 437 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, Proc. IEEE 69, 1145 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

F. Mitschke, L. F. Mollenauer, “Stabilizing the soliton laser,” submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

An autocorrelation trace of the pulses at the end of the test fiber (L′ = 392 m). Parameters are τ0 ≈ 500 fsec, P ≈ 1.5 P1, full range of scan 60 psec.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical spectrum of the pulses at the output end of the 392-m test fiber, under conditions similar to those of Fig. 1. Scan width is one free spectral range of the étalon (4.6 THz); frequency increases toward the right. The narrow peak near the right margin is at ν0.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra at the 52-m test fiber output for various powers. All curves are to the same scale but displaced vertically in proportion to in the fiber. τ0 = 475 fsec, and, for that value, the top curve corresponds to P = 3.1P1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The square root of the frequency shift versus in the fiber; both quantities measured from Fig. 3 (see text).

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