Abstract

A new type of all-optical logic gate is described that employs a single-mode waveguide, unequal-arm-length Mach–Zehnder interferometer fabricated using materials that exhibit an optical Kerr effect. Because of the unique properties of the single-mode Y junction, there is no reflected light output from the element. This interferometer is therefore suitable for digital signal processing because an optical isolator is not needed for connection as a serial array to achieve sharp on–off characteristics.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580 (1982); D. Sarid, Opt. Lett. 6, 552 (1981); A. Lattes, H. A. Haus, F. J. Leonberger, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1718 (1983); Y. Imai, Y. Ohtsuka, K. Tanaka, “Multiple logic operations by use of an optical interference system,” presented at the 13th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, Sapporo, Japan, 1984.
  2. K. Otsuka, Opt. Lett. 8, 471 (1983).
  3. M. Izutsu, Y. Nakai, T. Sueta, Opt. Lett. 7, 136 (1982).
  4. J. J. Wynne, Phys. Rev. 178, 1295 (1969); W. G. Spitzer, J. M. Whelan, Phys. Rev. 114, 59 (1959).
  5. W. L. Bloss, L. Friedman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1023 (1982).
  6. C. Satuteret, J.-P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Ducuing, R. H. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 956 (1976); B. Reimer, H. Bressler, Phys. Status. Solidi a32, 435 (1975).
  7. F. Kappeler, K.-H. Zschauer, K. Mettler, in Proceedings of Eighth IEEE International Semiconductor Laser Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1982), p. 1-1.
  8. Y. Nakano, K. Takahei, Y. Noguchi, Y. Suzuki, H. Nagai, K. Nawata, Electron. Lett. 17, 782 (1981).
  9. J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981); H. Yokoyama, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 105 (1982).

1983 (1)

1982 (3)

M. Izutsu, Y. Nakai, T. Sueta, Opt. Lett. 7, 136 (1982).

W. L. Bloss, L. Friedman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1023 (1982).

S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580 (1982); D. Sarid, Opt. Lett. 6, 552 (1981); A. Lattes, H. A. Haus, F. J. Leonberger, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1718 (1983); Y. Imai, Y. Ohtsuka, K. Tanaka, “Multiple logic operations by use of an optical interference system,” presented at the 13th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, Sapporo, Japan, 1984.

1981 (2)

Y. Nakano, K. Takahei, Y. Noguchi, Y. Suzuki, H. Nagai, K. Nawata, Electron. Lett. 17, 782 (1981).

J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981); H. Yokoyama, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 105 (1982).

1976 (1)

C. Satuteret, J.-P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Ducuing, R. H. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 956 (1976); B. Reimer, H. Bressler, Phys. Status. Solidi a32, 435 (1975).

1969 (1)

J. J. Wynne, Phys. Rev. 178, 1295 (1969); W. G. Spitzer, J. M. Whelan, Phys. Rev. 114, 59 (1959).

Augustyniak, W. M.

J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981); H. Yokoyama, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 105 (1982).

Baughman, R. H.

C. Satuteret, J.-P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Ducuing, R. H. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 956 (1976); B. Reimer, H. Bressler, Phys. Status. Solidi a32, 435 (1975).

Bloss, W. L.

W. L. Bloss, L. Friedman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1023 (1982).

Chance, R. R.

C. Satuteret, J.-P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Ducuing, R. H. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 956 (1976); B. Reimer, H. Bressler, Phys. Status. Solidi a32, 435 (1975).

Ducuing, J.

C. Satuteret, J.-P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Ducuing, R. H. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 956 (1976); B. Reimer, H. Bressler, Phys. Status. Solidi a32, 435 (1975).

Frey, R.

C. Satuteret, J.-P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Ducuing, R. H. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 956 (1976); B. Reimer, H. Bressler, Phys. Status. Solidi a32, 435 (1975).

Friedman, L.

W. L. Bloss, L. Friedman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1023 (1982).

Hermann, J.-P.

C. Satuteret, J.-P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Ducuing, R. H. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 956 (1976); B. Reimer, H. Bressler, Phys. Status. Solidi a32, 435 (1975).

Izutsu, M.

Jensen, S. M.

S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580 (1982); D. Sarid, Opt. Lett. 6, 552 (1981); A. Lattes, H. A. Haus, F. J. Leonberger, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1718 (1983); Y. Imai, Y. Ohtsuka, K. Tanaka, “Multiple logic operations by use of an optical interference system,” presented at the 13th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, Sapporo, Japan, 1984.

Kappeler, F.

F. Kappeler, K.-H. Zschauer, K. Mettler, in Proceedings of Eighth IEEE International Semiconductor Laser Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1982), p. 1-1.

Logan, R. A.

J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981); H. Yokoyama, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 105 (1982).

Mettler, K.

F. Kappeler, K.-H. Zschauer, K. Mettler, in Proceedings of Eighth IEEE International Semiconductor Laser Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1982), p. 1-1.

Mikulyak, R. M.

J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981); H. Yokoyama, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 105 (1982).

Nagai, H.

Y. Nakano, K. Takahei, Y. Noguchi, Y. Suzuki, H. Nagai, K. Nawata, Electron. Lett. 17, 782 (1981).

Nakai, Y.

Nakano, Y.

Y. Nakano, K. Takahei, Y. Noguchi, Y. Suzuki, H. Nagai, K. Nawata, Electron. Lett. 17, 782 (1981).

Nawata, K.

Y. Nakano, K. Takahei, Y. Noguchi, Y. Suzuki, H. Nagai, K. Nawata, Electron. Lett. 17, 782 (1981).

Noguchi, Y.

Y. Nakano, K. Takahei, Y. Noguchi, Y. Suzuki, H. Nagai, K. Nawata, Electron. Lett. 17, 782 (1981).

Otsuka, K.

Pradere, F.

C. Satuteret, J.-P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Ducuing, R. H. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 956 (1976); B. Reimer, H. Bressler, Phys. Status. Solidi a32, 435 (1975).

Satuteret, C.

C. Satuteret, J.-P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Ducuing, R. H. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 956 (1976); B. Reimer, H. Bressler, Phys. Status. Solidi a32, 435 (1975).

Sueta, T.

Suzuki, Y.

Y. Nakano, K. Takahei, Y. Noguchi, Y. Suzuki, H. Nagai, K. Nawata, Electron. Lett. 17, 782 (1981).

Takahei, K.

Y. Nakano, K. Takahei, Y. Noguchi, Y. Suzuki, H. Nagai, K. Nawata, Electron. Lett. 17, 782 (1981).

Tsang, W. T.

J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981); H. Yokoyama, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 105 (1982).

van der Ziel, J. P.

J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981); H. Yokoyama, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 105 (1982).

Wynne, J. J.

J. J. Wynne, Phys. Rev. 178, 1295 (1969); W. G. Spitzer, J. M. Whelan, Phys. Rev. 114, 59 (1959).

Zschauer, K.-H.

F. Kappeler, K.-H. Zschauer, K. Mettler, in Proceedings of Eighth IEEE International Semiconductor Laser Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1982), p. 1-1.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. L. Bloss, L. Friedman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1023 (1982).

J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981); H. Yokoyama, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 105 (1982).

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. Nakano, K. Takahei, Y. Noguchi, Y. Suzuki, H. Nagai, K. Nawata, Electron. Lett. 17, 782 (1981).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. M. Jensen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580 (1982); D. Sarid, Opt. Lett. 6, 552 (1981); A. Lattes, H. A. Haus, F. J. Leonberger, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1718 (1983); Y. Imai, Y. Ohtsuka, K. Tanaka, “Multiple logic operations by use of an optical interference system,” presented at the 13th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, Sapporo, Japan, 1984.

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. J. Wynne, Phys. Rev. 178, 1295 (1969); W. G. Spitzer, J. M. Whelan, Phys. Rev. 114, 59 (1959).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. Satuteret, J.-P. Hermann, R. Frey, F. Pradere, J. Ducuing, R. H. Baughman, R. R. Chance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 956 (1976); B. Reimer, H. Bressler, Phys. Status. Solidi a32, 435 (1975).

Other (1)

F. Kappeler, K.-H. Zschauer, K. Mettler, in Proceedings of Eighth IEEE International Semiconductor Laser Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1982), p. 1-1.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the UAL. The single-mode waveguides exhibit an intensity-dependent refractive index. The arm-length difference is Δl (≡l1l2). (b) Calculated output power versus input power for the interferometer. Intensity-dependent phase difference θ is defined by Eq. (2) in the text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic of the cascade UAL interferometer. N shows the number of the interferometers connected serially. (b)–(d) Calculated output power versus input power for the cascade interferometer.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Values of n2 and Calculated Pin for Near-IR Materials with an Exceptionally Large Electronic Nonlinearitya

Equations (3)

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n = n 0 + n 2 E 2 2 ,
P out = P in 2 [ 1 + cos ( θ + δ ) ] ,
θ 2 π 0 c λ 0 Δ l n 2 n P in 2 2 π 0 c λ 0 Δ l n 2 n 0 P in 2 ,

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