Abstract

We show experimentally the presence of TM mode absorption resonance as a function of buffer thickness in planar metal-clad optical waveguides. Using Hg as the metal cladding, we have measured more than 20 dB of loss for the TM mode over about 1-mm length in a Ti-indiffused LiNbO3 waveguide.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Uehara, T. Izawa, H. Nakagome, Appl.Opt. 13, 1753 (1974).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. Y. Ohmachi, J. Noda, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 43 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  3. T. Findakly, B. Chen, D. Booher, Opt. Lett. 8, 641 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. Papuchon, A. Enard, K. Thyagarajan, S. Vatoux, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC 5.
  5. J. N. Polky, G. L. Mitchell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 274 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. Yamamoto, T. Kamiya, H. Yanai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 729 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Masuda, A. Tanji, Y. Ando, J. Koyama, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 773 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. Masuda, J. Koyama, Appl.Opt. 16, 2994 (1977).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. S. Sakano, H. Matsumura, Electron. Lett. 20, 439 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  10. T. Findakly, C. Chen, Appl.Opt. 17, 469 (1978).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. G. Grand, S. Valette, Electron. Lett. 20, 730 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Wright, A. D. De Oliveira, M. G. Wilson, Electron. Lett. 15, 510 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  13. K. H. Haegele, R. Ulrich, Opt. Lett. 4, 60 (1979).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. J. L. Jackel, J. J. Vaselka, Appl. Opt, 23, 197 (1984).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. D. E. Gray, ed. American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1963).

1984 (3)

S. Sakano, H. Matsumura, Electron. Lett. 20, 439 (1984).
[Crossref]

G. Grand, S. Valette, Electron. Lett. 20, 730 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. L. Jackel, J. J. Vaselka, Appl. Opt, 23, 197 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

1979 (2)

S. Wright, A. D. De Oliveira, M. G. Wilson, Electron. Lett. 15, 510 (1979).
[Crossref]

K. H. Haegele, R. Ulrich, Opt. Lett. 4, 60 (1979).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1978 (1)

T. Findakly, C. Chen, Appl.Opt. 17, 469 (1978).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1977 (3)

M. Masuda, A. Tanji, Y. Ando, J. Koyama, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 773 (1977).
[Crossref]

M. Masuda, J. Koyama, Appl.Opt. 16, 2994 (1977).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ohmachi, J. Noda, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 43 (1977).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kamiya, H. Yanai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 729 (1975).
[Crossref]

1974 (2)

S. Uehara, T. Izawa, H. Nakagome, Appl.Opt. 13, 1753 (1974).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. N. Polky, G. L. Mitchell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 274 (1974).
[Crossref]

Ando, Y.

M. Masuda, A. Tanji, Y. Ando, J. Koyama, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 773 (1977).
[Crossref]

Booher, D.

Chen, B.

Chen, C.

T. Findakly, C. Chen, Appl.Opt. 17, 469 (1978).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Oliveira, A. D.

S. Wright, A. D. De Oliveira, M. G. Wilson, Electron. Lett. 15, 510 (1979).
[Crossref]

Enard, A.

M. Papuchon, A. Enard, K. Thyagarajan, S. Vatoux, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC 5.

Findakly, T.

Grand, G.

G. Grand, S. Valette, Electron. Lett. 20, 730 (1984).
[Crossref]

Haegele, K. H.

Izawa, T.

S. Uehara, T. Izawa, H. Nakagome, Appl.Opt. 13, 1753 (1974).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jackel, J. L.

J. L. Jackel, J. J. Vaselka, Appl. Opt, 23, 197 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kamiya, T.

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kamiya, H. Yanai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 729 (1975).
[Crossref]

Koyama, J.

M. Masuda, A. Tanji, Y. Ando, J. Koyama, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 773 (1977).
[Crossref]

M. Masuda, J. Koyama, Appl.Opt. 16, 2994 (1977).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Masuda, M.

M. Masuda, J. Koyama, Appl.Opt. 16, 2994 (1977).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Masuda, A. Tanji, Y. Ando, J. Koyama, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 773 (1977).
[Crossref]

Matsumura, H.

S. Sakano, H. Matsumura, Electron. Lett. 20, 439 (1984).
[Crossref]

Mitchell, G. L.

Nakagome, H.

S. Uehara, T. Izawa, H. Nakagome, Appl.Opt. 13, 1753 (1974).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Noda, J.

Y. Ohmachi, J. Noda, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 43 (1977).
[Crossref]

Ohmachi, Y.

Y. Ohmachi, J. Noda, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 43 (1977).
[Crossref]

Papuchon, M.

M. Papuchon, A. Enard, K. Thyagarajan, S. Vatoux, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC 5.

Polky, J. N.

Sakano, S.

S. Sakano, H. Matsumura, Electron. Lett. 20, 439 (1984).
[Crossref]

Tanji, A.

M. Masuda, A. Tanji, Y. Ando, J. Koyama, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 773 (1977).
[Crossref]

Thyagarajan, K.

M. Papuchon, A. Enard, K. Thyagarajan, S. Vatoux, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC 5.

Uehara, S.

S. Uehara, T. Izawa, H. Nakagome, Appl.Opt. 13, 1753 (1974).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ulrich, R.

Valette, S.

G. Grand, S. Valette, Electron. Lett. 20, 730 (1984).
[Crossref]

Vaselka, J. J.

J. L. Jackel, J. J. Vaselka, Appl. Opt, 23, 197 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vatoux, S.

M. Papuchon, A. Enard, K. Thyagarajan, S. Vatoux, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC 5.

Wilson, M. G.

S. Wright, A. D. De Oliveira, M. G. Wilson, Electron. Lett. 15, 510 (1979).
[Crossref]

Wright, S.

S. Wright, A. D. De Oliveira, M. G. Wilson, Electron. Lett. 15, 510 (1979).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, Y.

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kamiya, H. Yanai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 729 (1975).
[Crossref]

Yanai, H.

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kamiya, H. Yanai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 729 (1975).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt (1)

J. L. Jackel, J. J. Vaselka, Appl. Opt, 23, 197 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl.Opt. (3)

T. Findakly, C. Chen, Appl.Opt. 17, 469 (1978).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Uehara, T. Izawa, H. Nakagome, Appl.Opt. 13, 1753 (1974).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Masuda, J. Koyama, Appl.Opt. 16, 2994 (1977).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (3)

S. Sakano, H. Matsumura, Electron. Lett. 20, 439 (1984).
[Crossref]

G. Grand, S. Valette, Electron. Lett. 20, 730 (1984).
[Crossref]

S. Wright, A. D. De Oliveira, M. G. Wilson, Electron. Lett. 15, 510 (1979).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kamiya, H. Yanai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 729 (1975).
[Crossref]

Y. Ohmachi, J. Noda, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 43 (1977).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

M. Masuda, A. Tanji, Y. Ando, J. Koyama, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-25, 773 (1977).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

M. Papuchon, A. Enard, K. Thyagarajan, S. Vatoux, in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC 5.

D. E. Gray, ed. American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1963).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured variation of attenuation rate of the various TM modes and buffer thickness versus position of the Hg drop on the waveguide at (a) λ = 632.8 nm and (b) λ = 514.5 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured variation of the attenuation rate of various TM modes as a function of wavelength with the drop of Hg on the waveguide without any buffer.

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