Abstract

We have observed oscillation in the wings of the Doppler-broadened sodium D lines when they are pumped by a cw dye laser and enclosed in an optical cavity. The oscillation is blue (red) detuned from the pump laser by the ground-state hyperfine splitting of sodium when the pump-laser frequency is in the blue (red) wing. The gain mechanism is explained on the basis of optical pumping and stimulated Raman scattering.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum, D. J. Harter, Phys. Rev. A 25, 411 (1981);P. D. Drummond, D. F. Walls, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2563 (1981);L. A. Orozco, A. T. Rosenberger, H. J. Kimble, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 1271 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, J. F. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 525 (1984).
  3. B. Yurke, Phys. Rev. A 29, 408 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, J. F. Lam, C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 376 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. W. Hänsch, I. S. Shahin, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 707 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 6, 588 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. C. Tam, Phys. Rev. A 19, 1971 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

1984 (2)

R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, J. F. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 525 (1984).

B. Yurke, Phys. Rev. A 29, 408 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1981 (2)

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 6, 588 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum, D. J. Harter, Phys. Rev. A 25, 411 (1981);P. D. Drummond, D. F. Walls, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2563 (1981);L. A. Orozco, A. T. Rosenberger, H. J. Kimble, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 1271 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1979 (2)

A. C. Tam, Phys. Rev. A 19, 1971 (1979).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, J. F. Lam, C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 376 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

T. W. Hänsch, I. S. Shahin, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 707 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, D. M.

P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum, D. J. Harter, Phys. Rev. A 25, 411 (1981);P. D. Drummond, D. F. Walls, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2563 (1981);L. A. Orozco, A. T. Rosenberger, H. J. Kimble, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 1271 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Economou, N. P.

P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Giuliano, C. R.

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, J. F. Lam, C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 376 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. W. Hänsch, I. S. Shahin, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 707 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Harter, D. J.

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum, D. J. Harter, Phys. Rev. A 25, 411 (1981);P. D. Drummond, D. F. Walls, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2563 (1981);L. A. Orozco, A. T. Rosenberger, H. J. Kimble, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 1271 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lam, J. F.

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, J. F. Lam, C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 376 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Liao, P. F.

P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Lind, R. C.

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 6, 588 (1981).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, J. F. Lam, C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 376 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Narum, P.

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum, D. J. Harter, Phys. Rev. A 25, 411 (1981);P. D. Drummond, D. F. Walls, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2563 (1981);L. A. Orozco, A. T. Rosenberger, H. J. Kimble, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 1271 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M. G.

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum, D. J. Harter, Phys. Rev. A 25, 411 (1981);P. D. Drummond, D. F. Walls, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2563 (1981);L. A. Orozco, A. T. Rosenberger, H. J. Kimble, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 1271 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Schawlow, A. L.

T. W. Hänsch, I. S. Shahin, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 707 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Shahin, I. S.

T. W. Hänsch, I. S. Shahin, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 707 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, J. F. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 525 (1984).

Steel, D. G.

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 6, 588 (1981).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, J. F. Lam, C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 376 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Tam, A. C.

A. C. Tam, Phys. Rev. A 19, 1971 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Valley, J. F.

R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, J. F. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 525 (1984).

Yurke, B.

B. Yurke, Phys. Rev. A 29, 408 (1984).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, J. F. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 525 (1984).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, J. F. Lam, C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 376 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, J. F. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 525 (1984).

Opt. Lett. (1)

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 6, 588 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

A. C. Tam, Phys. Rev. A 19, 1971 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, P. Narum, D. J. Harter, Phys. Rev. A 25, 411 (1981);P. D. Drummond, D. F. Walls, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2563 (1981);L. A. Orozco, A. T. Rosenberger, H. J. Kimble, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 1271 (1984).
[CrossRef]

B. Yurke, Phys. Rev. A 29, 408 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

T. W. Hänsch, I. S. Shahin, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 707 (1971).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup. SF, spatial filter; P, polarizer; M, total reflector; BS, 50% beam splitter; I, iris; PBS, polarization beam splitter; 2m, 2-m focal-length lens; λ/2, half-wave plate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Upper trace is the output OUT 3 as a function of the pump-laser frequency. Lower trace is the saturation spectrum of the D2 line where only the ground-state hyperfine structure is resolved. The dashed curve is the calculated Doppler-broadened absorption profile of the D2 line. Vertical scales are arbitrary. The insets are outputs of the Fabry–Perot interferometer with the pump laser blue detuned (right) and red detuned (left) at a fixed frequency.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Energy-level diagram of the sodium D2 line including the hyperfine structure of the ground state; (a) gain mechanism for blue detuning, (b) gain mechanism for red detuning.

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