Abstract

We describe an ultrashort-pulse laser that, under specific operating conditions, balances the mechanisms of conventional passive mode locking and solitonlike pulse shaping in a single resonator to generate optical pulses that are to our knowledge the shortest yet emitted directly from a laser, 27 fsec.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, Appl Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 9, 13 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. O. E. Martinez, R. L. Fork, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 9, 156 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. O. E. Martinez, R. L. Fork, J. P. Gordon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
  5. O. E. Martinez, J. P. Gordon, R. L. Fork, in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, D. H. Auston, B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1984), pp. 7–10.
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Dietel, J. J. Fontaine, J. C. Diels, Opt. Lett. 8, 4 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W. Dietel, E. Dopel, D. Kuhlke, B. Wilhelmi, Opt. Commun. 43, 433 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Ishida, K. Naganuma, T. Yajima, L. H. Lin, in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, D. H. Auston, B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1984), pp. 69–71.
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. L. Fork, O. E. Martinez, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 9,150 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. DeSilvestri, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 523 (1984).
  12. A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond optical pulse generation and dephasing measurements in condensed matter,” Ph.D. dissertation (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1984).

1984 (4)

1983 (1)

1982 (1)

W. Dietel, E. Dopel, D. Kuhlke, B. Wilhelmi, Opt. Commun. 43, 433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, Appl Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

DeSilvestri, S.

S. DeSilvestri, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 523 (1984).

Diels, J. C.

Dietel, W.

W. Dietel, J. J. Fontaine, J. C. Diels, Opt. Lett. 8, 4 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Dietel, E. Dopel, D. Kuhlke, B. Wilhelmi, Opt. Commun. 43, 433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Dopel, E.

W. Dietel, E. Dopel, D. Kuhlke, B. Wilhelmi, Opt. Commun. 43, 433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, J. J.

Fork, R. L.

R. L. Fork, O. E. Martinez, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 9,150 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. E. Martinez, R. L. Fork, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 9, 156 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, Appl Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, R. L. Fork, J. P. Gordon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

O. E. Martinez, J. P. Gordon, R. L. Fork, in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, D. H. Auston, B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1984), pp. 7–10.
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

O. E. Martinez, R. L. Fork, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 9, 156 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Fork, O. E. Martinez, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 9,150 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, J. P. Gordon, R. L. Fork, in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, D. H. Auston, B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1984), pp. 7–10.
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, R. L. Fork, J. P. Gordon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Greene, B. I.

R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, Appl Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ishida, Y.

Y. Ishida, K. Naganuma, T. Yajima, L. H. Lin, in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, D. H. Auston, B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1984), pp. 69–71.
[CrossRef]

Kuhlke, D.

W. Dietel, E. Dopel, D. Kuhlke, B. Wilhelmi, Opt. Commun. 43, 433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

S. DeSilvestri, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 523 (1984).

Lin, L. H.

Y. Ishida, K. Naganuma, T. Yajima, L. H. Lin, in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, D. H. Auston, B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1984), pp. 69–71.
[CrossRef]

Martinez, O. E.

O. E. Martinez, R. L. Fork, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 9, 156 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Fork, O. E. Martinez, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 9,150 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. E. Martinez, R. L. Fork, J. P. Gordon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

O. E. Martinez, J. P. Gordon, R. L. Fork, in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, D. H. Auston, B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1984), pp. 7–10.
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 9, 13 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Naganuma, K.

Y. Ishida, K. Naganuma, T. Yajima, L. H. Lin, in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, D. H. Auston, B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1984), pp. 69–71.
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, Appl Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 9, 13 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

S. DeSilvestri, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 523 (1984).

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond optical pulse generation and dephasing measurements in condensed matter,” Ph.D. dissertation (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1984).

Wilhelmi, B.

W. Dietel, E. Dopel, D. Kuhlke, B. Wilhelmi, Opt. Commun. 43, 433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Yajima, T.

Y. Ishida, K. Naganuma, T. Yajima, L. H. Lin, in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, D. H. Auston, B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1984), pp. 69–71.
[CrossRef]

Appl Phys. Lett. (1)

R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, Appl Phys. Lett. 38, 671 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. DeSilvestri, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 523 (1984).

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. Dietel, E. Dopel, D. Kuhlke, B. Wilhelmi, Opt. Commun. 43, 433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

Y. Ishida, K. Naganuma, T. Yajima, L. H. Lin, in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, D. H. Auston, B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1984), pp. 69–71.
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, R. L. Fork, J. P. Gordon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

O. E. Martinez, J. P. Gordon, R. L. Fork, in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, D. H. Auston, B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1984), pp. 7–10.
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond optical pulse generation and dephasing measurements in condensed matter,” Ph.D. dissertation (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1984).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Autocorrelation function for a 27-fsec (FWHM) pulse.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Minimum pulse width and corresponding prism position as a function of saturable-jet position relative to focus.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Pulse width as a function of relative prism position. Actual intracavity quartz contribution is 1.37 times scale value.

Metrics