Abstract

Frequency tuning of a Stokes wave for stimulated four-photon mixing in an elliptical-core fiber is achieved by changing the magnitude of the stress-induced birefringence that is due to the relaxation of residual stress controlled by temperature. As the birefringence is decreased by heating the fiber to 700° C, the frequency shift of the Stokes wave is decreased by about 80 cm−1 for a pump wavelength of 1.064 μm. This result is in agreement with the theoretical prediction.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Kitayama, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 322 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Shibata, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1223 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Okamoto, T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 496 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Ourmazd, R. D. Birch, M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, E. J. Tarbox, Electron. Lett. 19, 143 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. C. Rashleigh, M. J. Marrone, Opt. Lett. 8, 127 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Ohashi, K. Kitayama, Y. Ishida, N. Uchida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1111 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

1983 (3)

N. Shibata, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1223 (1983).
[CrossRef]

A. Ourmazd, R. D. Birch, M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, E. J. Tarbox, Electron. Lett. 19, 143 (1983).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Rashleigh, M. J. Marrone, Opt. Lett. 8, 127 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (5)

M. Ohashi, K. Kitayama, Y. Ishida, N. Uchida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1111 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 496 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 322 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, M. Ohashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 619 (1982).
[CrossRef]

N. Shibata, N. Uchida, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, Electron. Lett. 18, 563 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Birch, R. D.

A. Ourmazd, R. D. Birch, M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, E. J. Tarbox, Electron. Lett. 19, 143 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hosaka, T.

K. Okamoto, T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 496 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ishida, Y.

M. Ohashi, K. Kitayama, Y. Ishida, N. Uchida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1111 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

M. Ohashi, K. Kitayama, Y. Ishida, N. Uchida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1111 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, M. Ohashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 619 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 322 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Marrone, M. J.

Ohashi, M.

M. Ohashi, K. Kitayama, Y. Ishida, N. Uchida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1111 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, M. Ohashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 619 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 496 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ourmazd, A.

A. Ourmazd, R. D. Birch, M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, E. J. Tarbox, Electron. Lett. 19, 143 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

A. Ourmazd, R. D. Birch, M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, E. J. Tarbox, Electron. Lett. 19, 143 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Rashleigh, S. C.

Sasaki, Y.

K. Okamoto, T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 496 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Seikai, S.

N. Shibata, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1223 (1983).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 322 (1982).
[CrossRef]

N. Shibata, N. Uchida, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, Electron. Lett. 18, 563 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, N.

N. Shibata, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1223 (1983).
[CrossRef]

N. Shibata, N. Uchida, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, Electron. Lett. 18, 563 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Tarbox, E. J.

A. Ourmazd, R. D. Birch, M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, E. J. Tarbox, Electron. Lett. 19, 143 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Tateda, M.

N. Shibata, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1223 (1983).
[CrossRef]

N. Shibata, N. Uchida, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, Electron. Lett. 18, 563 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, N.

N. Shibata, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1223 (1983).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 322 (1982).
[CrossRef]

N. Shibata, N. Uchida, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, Electron. Lett. 18, 563 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohashi, K. Kitayama, Y. Ishida, N. Uchida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1111 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Varnham, M. P.

A. Ourmazd, R. D. Birch, M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, E. J. Tarbox, Electron. Lett. 19, 143 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

K. Kitayama, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 322 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, M. Ohashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 619 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohashi, K. Kitayama, Y. Ishida, N. Uchida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1111 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

A. Ourmazd, R. D. Birch, M. P. Varnham, D. N. Payne, E. J. Tarbox, Electron. Lett. 19, 143 (1983).
[CrossRef]

N. Shibata, N. Uchida, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, Electron. Lett. 18, 563 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

N. Shibata, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1223 (1983).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 496 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scanning-electron-microscope photograph of the test fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Anti-Stokes spectra in cases with (a) room temperature, (b) temperature of 500° C, and (c) temperature of 700°C.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental and theoretical frequency shifts plotted as a function of the temperature.

Equations (6)

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Δ k ( Δ ν ̅ ) + Δ f ( Δ ν ̅ ) = 0
Δ f ( Δ ν ̅ ) = 2 ( B s + B g ) ( 2 π ν ̅ p ) ,
B s = B s 0 H ( V ) ,
B s 0 = ½ n 3 ( P 11 P 12 ) ( α 0 α 1 ) q Δ T ,
B g = n 2 Δ G ( V ) ,
= 1 a x a y ,

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