Abstract

Laser action at 530 nm using H3 centers in diamond was observed with an efficiency of 13.5% at room temperature. Optical double-resonance experiments on N3 centers provided direct evidence for a 2A metastable level. Its presence results in rapid decay of the excited 2E state and low quantum efficiency as well as significant excited-state absorption in the N3 luminescence region.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. Fritz, F. Luty, G. Rausch, Phys. Status Solidi 11, 635 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  2. B. Fritz, E. Menke, Solid State Commun. 3, 61 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  3. L. Mollenauer, Methods of Experimental Physics (Academic, New York, 1979), Vol. 15B, Part 6.
  4. Y. Gusev, S. I. Marennikov, V. P. Chebotayev, Appl. Phys. 14, 121 (1977); Zhang Guifen, Shu Meidong, Chai Xijie, Chinese Phys. 3, 460 (1981); S. G. Vasil’ev, E. D. Isyanova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 7, 93 (1981); W. Gellerman, D. Wandt, S. Wilk, F. Luty, presented at the Eighth International Conference on Defects in Insulating Solids, Salt Lake City, Utah, August 1984; S. C. Rand, L. G. DeShazer, presented at Lasers ’84 meeting, San Francisco, Calif., November 26–30, 1984; D. Sumida, S. C. Rand, L. G. DeShazer, presented at the Conference on Tunable Solid State Lasers, Arlington, Va., May 16–17, 1985.
    [Crossref]
  5. J. E. Field, ed., The Properties of Diamond (Academic, New York, 1979), pp. 23–77.
  6. G. Davies, C. M. Welbourn, J. H. N. Loubser, Diamond Res.23–30 (1978); M. F. Thomaz, G. Davies, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 362, 405–419 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  7. G. Davies, Diamond Res.15–24 (1977); M. D. Crossfield, G. Davies, A. T. Collins, E. C. Lightowlers, J. Phys. C 7, 1909 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. K. MacQuillan, W. R. L. Clements, B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. A 1, 628 (1970), and references cited therein.
    [Crossref]
  9. Ref. 5, p. 20. Thermal conductivity of pure diamond (type II) is five times that of copper but is only comparable when nitrogen content is high.
  10. F. Peter, Z. Phys. 15, 358 (1923).
    [Crossref]

1978 (1)

G. Davies, C. M. Welbourn, J. H. N. Loubser, Diamond Res.23–30 (1978); M. F. Thomaz, G. Davies, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 362, 405–419 (1978).
[Crossref]

1977 (2)

G. Davies, Diamond Res.15–24 (1977); M. D. Crossfield, G. Davies, A. T. Collins, E. C. Lightowlers, J. Phys. C 7, 1909 (1974).
[Crossref]

Y. Gusev, S. I. Marennikov, V. P. Chebotayev, Appl. Phys. 14, 121 (1977); Zhang Guifen, Shu Meidong, Chai Xijie, Chinese Phys. 3, 460 (1981); S. G. Vasil’ev, E. D. Isyanova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 7, 93 (1981); W. Gellerman, D. Wandt, S. Wilk, F. Luty, presented at the Eighth International Conference on Defects in Insulating Solids, Salt Lake City, Utah, August 1984; S. C. Rand, L. G. DeShazer, presented at Lasers ’84 meeting, San Francisco, Calif., November 26–30, 1984; D. Sumida, S. C. Rand, L. G. DeShazer, presented at the Conference on Tunable Solid State Lasers, Arlington, Va., May 16–17, 1985.
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

A. K. MacQuillan, W. R. L. Clements, B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. A 1, 628 (1970), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

1965 (2)

B. Fritz, F. Luty, G. Rausch, Phys. Status Solidi 11, 635 (1965).
[Crossref]

B. Fritz, E. Menke, Solid State Commun. 3, 61 (1965).
[Crossref]

1923 (1)

F. Peter, Z. Phys. 15, 358 (1923).
[Crossref]

Chebotayev, V. P.

Y. Gusev, S. I. Marennikov, V. P. Chebotayev, Appl. Phys. 14, 121 (1977); Zhang Guifen, Shu Meidong, Chai Xijie, Chinese Phys. 3, 460 (1981); S. G. Vasil’ev, E. D. Isyanova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 7, 93 (1981); W. Gellerman, D. Wandt, S. Wilk, F. Luty, presented at the Eighth International Conference on Defects in Insulating Solids, Salt Lake City, Utah, August 1984; S. C. Rand, L. G. DeShazer, presented at Lasers ’84 meeting, San Francisco, Calif., November 26–30, 1984; D. Sumida, S. C. Rand, L. G. DeShazer, presented at the Conference on Tunable Solid State Lasers, Arlington, Va., May 16–17, 1985.
[Crossref]

Clements, W. R. L.

A. K. MacQuillan, W. R. L. Clements, B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. A 1, 628 (1970), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

Davies, G.

G. Davies, C. M. Welbourn, J. H. N. Loubser, Diamond Res.23–30 (1978); M. F. Thomaz, G. Davies, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 362, 405–419 (1978).
[Crossref]

G. Davies, Diamond Res.15–24 (1977); M. D. Crossfield, G. Davies, A. T. Collins, E. C. Lightowlers, J. Phys. C 7, 1909 (1974).
[Crossref]

Fritz, B.

B. Fritz, F. Luty, G. Rausch, Phys. Status Solidi 11, 635 (1965).
[Crossref]

B. Fritz, E. Menke, Solid State Commun. 3, 61 (1965).
[Crossref]

Gusev, Y.

Y. Gusev, S. I. Marennikov, V. P. Chebotayev, Appl. Phys. 14, 121 (1977); Zhang Guifen, Shu Meidong, Chai Xijie, Chinese Phys. 3, 460 (1981); S. G. Vasil’ev, E. D. Isyanova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 7, 93 (1981); W. Gellerman, D. Wandt, S. Wilk, F. Luty, presented at the Eighth International Conference on Defects in Insulating Solids, Salt Lake City, Utah, August 1984; S. C. Rand, L. G. DeShazer, presented at Lasers ’84 meeting, San Francisco, Calif., November 26–30, 1984; D. Sumida, S. C. Rand, L. G. DeShazer, presented at the Conference on Tunable Solid State Lasers, Arlington, Va., May 16–17, 1985.
[Crossref]

Loubser, J. H. N.

G. Davies, C. M. Welbourn, J. H. N. Loubser, Diamond Res.23–30 (1978); M. F. Thomaz, G. Davies, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 362, 405–419 (1978).
[Crossref]

Luty, F.

B. Fritz, F. Luty, G. Rausch, Phys. Status Solidi 11, 635 (1965).
[Crossref]

MacQuillan, A. K.

A. K. MacQuillan, W. R. L. Clements, B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. A 1, 628 (1970), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

Marennikov, S. I.

Y. Gusev, S. I. Marennikov, V. P. Chebotayev, Appl. Phys. 14, 121 (1977); Zhang Guifen, Shu Meidong, Chai Xijie, Chinese Phys. 3, 460 (1981); S. G. Vasil’ev, E. D. Isyanova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 7, 93 (1981); W. Gellerman, D. Wandt, S. Wilk, F. Luty, presented at the Eighth International Conference on Defects in Insulating Solids, Salt Lake City, Utah, August 1984; S. C. Rand, L. G. DeShazer, presented at Lasers ’84 meeting, San Francisco, Calif., November 26–30, 1984; D. Sumida, S. C. Rand, L. G. DeShazer, presented at the Conference on Tunable Solid State Lasers, Arlington, Va., May 16–17, 1985.
[Crossref]

Menke, E.

B. Fritz, E. Menke, Solid State Commun. 3, 61 (1965).
[Crossref]

Mollenauer, L.

L. Mollenauer, Methods of Experimental Physics (Academic, New York, 1979), Vol. 15B, Part 6.

Peter, F.

F. Peter, Z. Phys. 15, 358 (1923).
[Crossref]

Rausch, G.

B. Fritz, F. Luty, G. Rausch, Phys. Status Solidi 11, 635 (1965).
[Crossref]

Stoicheff, B. P.

A. K. MacQuillan, W. R. L. Clements, B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. A 1, 628 (1970), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

Welbourn, C. M.

G. Davies, C. M. Welbourn, J. H. N. Loubser, Diamond Res.23–30 (1978); M. F. Thomaz, G. Davies, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 362, 405–419 (1978).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Gusev, S. I. Marennikov, V. P. Chebotayev, Appl. Phys. 14, 121 (1977); Zhang Guifen, Shu Meidong, Chai Xijie, Chinese Phys. 3, 460 (1981); S. G. Vasil’ev, E. D. Isyanova, V. M. Ovchinnikov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 7, 93 (1981); W. Gellerman, D. Wandt, S. Wilk, F. Luty, presented at the Eighth International Conference on Defects in Insulating Solids, Salt Lake City, Utah, August 1984; S. C. Rand, L. G. DeShazer, presented at Lasers ’84 meeting, San Francisco, Calif., November 26–30, 1984; D. Sumida, S. C. Rand, L. G. DeShazer, presented at the Conference on Tunable Solid State Lasers, Arlington, Va., May 16–17, 1985.
[Crossref]

Diamond Res. (2)

G. Davies, C. M. Welbourn, J. H. N. Loubser, Diamond Res.23–30 (1978); M. F. Thomaz, G. Davies, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 362, 405–419 (1978).
[Crossref]

G. Davies, Diamond Res.15–24 (1977); M. D. Crossfield, G. Davies, A. T. Collins, E. C. Lightowlers, J. Phys. C 7, 1909 (1974).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. K. MacQuillan, W. R. L. Clements, B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. A 1, 628 (1970), and references cited therein.
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

B. Fritz, F. Luty, G. Rausch, Phys. Status Solidi 11, 635 (1965).
[Crossref]

Solid State Commun. (1)

B. Fritz, E. Menke, Solid State Commun. 3, 61 (1965).
[Crossref]

Z. Phys. (1)

F. Peter, Z. Phys. 15, 358 (1923).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

L. Mollenauer, Methods of Experimental Physics (Academic, New York, 1979), Vol. 15B, Part 6.

J. E. Field, ed., The Properties of Diamond (Academic, New York, 1979), pp. 23–77.

Ref. 5, p. 20. Thermal conductivity of pure diamond (type II) is five times that of copper but is only comparable when nitrogen content is high.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Absorption and emission spectra and structural model of the N3 center. Filled circles, nitrogen; open circles, carbon. (b) Energy levels of the N3 center.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Absorption and emission spectra and structural model of the H3 center. Dashed circle, vacancy. (b) Energy levels of the H3 center.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Sample transmission following pulsed excitation of the 2E level of the N3 center (0.5 msec/division). The time origin coincides with the first small division. (b) Intensity dependence of the N3 excited-state absorption coefficient.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

H3 color-center laser pumping geometry and output-pulse shapes near threshold. Multiple traces are shown.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of Diamond and KCl Color-Center Gain Coefficients γ for Constant Inversion Density N = 1016 cm−3

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