Abstract

It is demonstrated that stimulated Raman spectroscopy (SRS) can be performed using cw dye lasers at power levels over six orders of magnitude smaller than those generally associated with pulsed stimulated Raman studies. The preliminary results suggest that cw SRS is a potentially powerful alternative to conventional spontaneous Raman scattering, with resolution limited solely by laser linewidth and sensitivity independent of resolution requirements.

© 1977 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. F. Begley, A. B. Harvey, R. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 387 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  2. D. Heiman, R. W. Hellwarth, M. D. Levenson, G. Martin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 189 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Owyoung, P. S. Peercy, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 674 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  4. A. Lau, W. Werncke, M. Pfeiffer, K. Lenz, H. J. Weigmann, Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 6, 402 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  5. P. Lallemand, P. Simova, G. Bret, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17,1239 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  6. χ3ijkl is equivalent to the cijki tensor defined by P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune in Phys. Rev. 137A, 801 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. Owyoung, Ph.D. Thesis (California Institute of Technology, 1971, unpublished).
  8. R. W. Hellwarth, “Third Order Susceptibilities of Liquids and Solids,” in Progress in Quantum Electronics (Pergamon, Oxford, England, 1977), Vol. 5, No. 1.
  9. J. E. Griffiths, M. Clerc, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 3824 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  10. Although a small contribution to Im χ3 can arise from two-photon absorption, this is generally small compared with the nonresonant electronic nonlinearities that contribute to Re χ3 and provide interference effects in the CARS measurements.
  11. W. K. Bischel, P. J. Kelly, C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 300 (1975).
    [Crossref]

1977 (1)

A. Owyoung, P. S. Peercy, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 674 (1977).
[Crossref]

1976 (2)

A. Lau, W. Werncke, M. Pfeiffer, K. Lenz, H. J. Weigmann, Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 6, 402 (1976).
[Crossref]

D. Heiman, R. W. Hellwarth, M. D. Levenson, G. Martin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 189 (1976).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

W. K. Bischel, P. J. Kelly, C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 300 (1975).
[Crossref]

1974 (2)

J. E. Griffiths, M. Clerc, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 3824 (1974).
[Crossref]

R. F. Begley, A. B. Harvey, R. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 387 (1974).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

P. Lallemand, P. Simova, G. Bret, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17,1239 (1966).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

χ3ijkl is equivalent to the cijki tensor defined by P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune in Phys. Rev. 137A, 801 (1965).
[Crossref]

Begley, R. F.

R. F. Begley, A. B. Harvey, R. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 387 (1974).
[Crossref]

Bischel, W. K.

W. K. Bischel, P. J. Kelly, C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 300 (1975).
[Crossref]

Bret, G.

P. Lallemand, P. Simova, G. Bret, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17,1239 (1966).
[Crossref]

Byer, R.

R. F. Begley, A. B. Harvey, R. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 387 (1974).
[Crossref]

Clerc, M.

J. E. Griffiths, M. Clerc, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 3824 (1974).
[Crossref]

Griffiths, J. E.

J. E. Griffiths, M. Clerc, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 3824 (1974).
[Crossref]

Harvey, A. B.

R. F. Begley, A. B. Harvey, R. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 387 (1974).
[Crossref]

Heiman, D.

D. Heiman, R. W. Hellwarth, M. D. Levenson, G. Martin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 189 (1976).
[Crossref]

Hellwarth, R. W.

D. Heiman, R. W. Hellwarth, M. D. Levenson, G. Martin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 189 (1976).
[Crossref]

R. W. Hellwarth, “Third Order Susceptibilities of Liquids and Solids,” in Progress in Quantum Electronics (Pergamon, Oxford, England, 1977), Vol. 5, No. 1.

Kelly, P. J.

W. K. Bischel, P. J. Kelly, C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 300 (1975).
[Crossref]

Lallemand, P.

P. Lallemand, P. Simova, G. Bret, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17,1239 (1966).
[Crossref]

Lau, A.

A. Lau, W. Werncke, M. Pfeiffer, K. Lenz, H. J. Weigmann, Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 6, 402 (1976).
[Crossref]

Lenz, K.

A. Lau, W. Werncke, M. Pfeiffer, K. Lenz, H. J. Weigmann, Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 6, 402 (1976).
[Crossref]

Levenson, M. D.

D. Heiman, R. W. Hellwarth, M. D. Levenson, G. Martin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 189 (1976).
[Crossref]

Maker, P. D.

χ3ijkl is equivalent to the cijki tensor defined by P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune in Phys. Rev. 137A, 801 (1965).
[Crossref]

Martin, G.

D. Heiman, R. W. Hellwarth, M. D. Levenson, G. Martin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 189 (1976).
[Crossref]

Owyoung, A.

A. Owyoung, P. S. Peercy, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 674 (1977).
[Crossref]

A. Owyoung, Ph.D. Thesis (California Institute of Technology, 1971, unpublished).

Peercy, P. S.

A. Owyoung, P. S. Peercy, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 674 (1977).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, M.

A. Lau, W. Werncke, M. Pfeiffer, K. Lenz, H. J. Weigmann, Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 6, 402 (1976).
[Crossref]

Rentzepis, P. M.

J. E. Griffiths, M. Clerc, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 3824 (1974).
[Crossref]

Rhodes, C. K.

W. K. Bischel, P. J. Kelly, C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 300 (1975).
[Crossref]

Simova, P.

P. Lallemand, P. Simova, G. Bret, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17,1239 (1966).
[Crossref]

Terhune, R. W.

χ3ijkl is equivalent to the cijki tensor defined by P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune in Phys. Rev. 137A, 801 (1965).
[Crossref]

Weigmann, H. J.

A. Lau, W. Werncke, M. Pfeiffer, K. Lenz, H. J. Weigmann, Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 6, 402 (1976).
[Crossref]

Werncke, W.

A. Lau, W. Werncke, M. Pfeiffer, K. Lenz, H. J. Weigmann, Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 6, 402 (1976).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. F. Begley, A. B. Harvey, R. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 387 (1974).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Owyoung, P. S. Peercy, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 674 (1977).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. E. Griffiths, M. Clerc, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 3824 (1974).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (1)

χ3ijkl is equivalent to the cijki tensor defined by P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune in Phys. Rev. 137A, 801 (1965).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

D. Heiman, R. W. Hellwarth, M. D. Levenson, G. Martin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 189 (1976).
[Crossref]

P. Lallemand, P. Simova, G. Bret, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17,1239 (1966).
[Crossref]

W. K. Bischel, P. J. Kelly, C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 300 (1975).
[Crossref]

Sov. J. Quant. Electron. (1)

A. Lau, W. Werncke, M. Pfeiffer, K. Lenz, H. J. Weigmann, Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 6, 402 (1976).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

A. Owyoung, Ph.D. Thesis (California Institute of Technology, 1971, unpublished).

R. W. Hellwarth, “Third Order Susceptibilities of Liquids and Solids,” in Progress in Quantum Electronics (Pergamon, Oxford, England, 1977), Vol. 5, No. 1.

Although a small contribution to Im χ3 can arise from two-photon absorption, this is generally small compared with the nonresonant electronic nonlinearities that contribute to Re χ3 and provide interference effects in the CARS measurements.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the cw stimulated Raman spectroscopy experiment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Polarized and depolarized cw stimulated Raman spectra in liquid benzene in the vicinity of the 992-cm−1 mode.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

g = 24 π ω n c [ Im χ 3 iijj ( ω , ω , Ω , Ω ) ] 0 L | E Ω | 2 d s ,
δ P ( ω ) P ( ω ) 384 π 4 λ 2 c n [ Im χ 3 iijj ( ω , ω , Ω , Ω ) ] P ( Ω ) ,

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