Abstract

Dynamic add–drop filters with variable bandwidth are demonstrated on microelectromechanical-system (MEMS)–actuated microdisk resonators for what is believed to be the first time. The tuning mechanism is based on a variable power coupling ratio that is controlled by varying the gap spacing between the waveguide and the microdisk through MEMS actuators. The results show wavelength switching with an extinction ratio of 20dB and a tunable bandwidth ranging from 12 to 27GHz. These dual functions were realized using the device with the operation voltage varying between 0 and 35V.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 323 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. C. Lee and M. C. Wu, in IEEE/LEOS Optical MEMS 2005 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 67-68.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Yu and O. Solgaard, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 588 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. M. C. Lee and M. C. Wu, Opt. Express 14, 4703 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2006

2005

M. C. Lee and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1034 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, A. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 294 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, C. L. Zhao, J. L. Yang, and C. C. Chan, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Yu and O. Solgaard, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Adams, L. E.

C. K. Marsden, R. E. Scotti, L. E. Adams, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Capuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and E. J. Laskowski in WDM Components, Vol. 29 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 54.

Bach, R.

Blumenthal, D. J.

Bruce, A. J.

C. K. Marsden, R. E. Scotti, L. E. Adams, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Capuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and E. J. Laskowski in WDM Components, Vol. 29 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 54.

Capuzzo, M. A.

C. K. Marsden, R. E. Scotti, L. E. Adams, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Capuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and E. J. Laskowski in WDM Components, Vol. 29 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 54.

Chan, C. C.

X. Y. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, C. L. Zhao, J. L. Yang, and C. C. Chan, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. T.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X. Y.

X. Y. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, C. L. Zhao, J. L. Yang, and C. C. Chan, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Einstein, D.

Foresi, J.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gomez, L. T.

C. K. Marsden, R. E. Scotti, L. E. Adams, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Capuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and E. J. Laskowski in WDM Components, Vol. 29 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 54.

Haus, H. A.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kilper, D. C.

Kokubun, Y.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laine, J. P.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Landolsi, T.

Laskowski, E. J.

C. K. Marsden, R. E. Scotti, L. E. Adams, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Capuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and E. J. Laskowski in WDM Components, Vol. 29 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 54.

Lee, M. C.

M. C. Lee and M. C. Wu, Opt. Express 14, 4703 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Lee and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1034 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Lee and M. C. Wu, in IEEE/LEOS Optical MEMS 2005 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 67-68.

Little, B. E.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J. P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Marsden, C. K.

C. K. Marsden, R. E. Scotti, L. E. Adams, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Capuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and E. J. Laskowski in WDM Components, Vol. 29 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 54.

Ngo, N. Q.

X. Y. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, C. L. Zhao, J. L. Yang, and C. C. Chan, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ostar, L.

Pan, W.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Preiss, A.

Scotti, R. E.

C. K. Marsden, R. E. Scotti, L. E. Adams, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Capuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and E. J. Laskowski in WDM Components, Vol. 29 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 54.

Shum, P.

X. Y. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, C. L. Zhao, J. L. Yang, and C. C. Chan, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Solgaard, O.

K. Yu and O. Solgaard, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Wu, M. C.

M. C. Lee and M. C. Wu, Opt. Express 14, 4703 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Lee and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1034 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Lee and M. C. Wu, in IEEE/LEOS Optical MEMS 2005 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 67-68.

Yang, J. L.

X. Y. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, C. L. Zhao, J. L. Yang, and C. C. Chan, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, K.

K. Yu and O. Solgaard, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C. L.

X. Y. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, C. L. Zhao, J. L. Yang, and C. C. Chan, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

K. Yu and O. Solgaard, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. C. Lee and M. C. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1034 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.

X. Y. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, C. L. Zhao, J. L. Yang, and C. C. Chan, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 22 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

M. C. Lee and M. C. Wu, in IEEE/LEOS Optical MEMS 2005 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 67-68.

C. K. Marsden, R. E. Scotti, L. E. Adams, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Capuzzo, L. T. Gomez, and E. J. Laskowski in WDM Components, Vol. 29 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 1999), p. 54.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Gap-controlled microdisk resonators and the transmission spectra at the throughport and the drop port.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Vertically coupled microdisk resonator with MEMS actuators: (a) schematic illustration, (b) scanning electron micrograph of the fabricated devices.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral response of transmission at the throughport and the drop port: (a) 0 V and (b) 30 V . (c) Power transfer curves at the resonant wavelength of 1555.46 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

FWHM at the throughport with a bias of (a) 23 V and (b) 30 V . (c) Tuning ranges of the FWHM and Q.

Equations (4)

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T t h r o u g h ( ω ) = j 2 T ( ω ω 0 ) + ( γ + κ 1 κ 2 ) j 2 T ( ω ω 0 ) + ( γ + κ 1 + κ 2 ) ,
T d r o p ( ω ) = 2 κ 1 κ 2 j 2 T ( ω ω 0 ) + ( γ + κ 1 + κ 2 ) .
Q 1 = ( κ 1 γ + κ 2 γ + 1 ) Q 0 1 ,
Δ ω F W H M = ω 0 ( κ 1 γ + κ 2 γ + 1 ) Q 0 1 ,

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