Abstract

We embed large-scale, plasmonic metasurfaces into off-the-shelf rigid gas permeable contact lenses and study their ability to serve as visual aids for color vision deficiency. In this study, we specifically address deuteranomaly, which is the most common class of color vision deficiency. This condition is caused by a redshift of the medium-type cone photoreceptor and leads to ambiguity in the color perception of red and green and their combinations. The effect of the metasurface-based contact lenses on the color perception was simulated using Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage (CIE) color spaces and conventional models of the human color-sensitive photoreceptors. Comparison between normal color vision and uncorrected and corrected deuteranomaly by the proposed element demonstrates the ability offered by the nanostructured contact lens to shift back incorrectly perceived pigments closer to the original pigments. The maximal improvement in the color perception error before and after the proposed correction for deuteranomaly is up to a factor of $\sim{10}$. In addition, an Ishihara-based color test was also simulated, showing the contrast restoration achieved by the element, for deuteranomaly conditions.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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