Abstract

Metalenses are developing fast towards versatile and integrated terahertz (THz) apparatuses, while tunable ones are highly pursued. Here, we propose a strategy that integrates dielectric metasurfaces with liquid crystals (LCs) to realize the dynamic focal spot manipulation. The silicon pillar meta-units of the metasurface are properly selected to generate different phase profiles for two orthogonal linear polarizations, permitting a laterally or axially altered focal spot. After LCs integrated, polarization-multiplexed focusing can be achieved via electrically varying the LC orientations. We demonstrate two metalenses with distinct functions. For the first one, the uniformly aligned LC works as a polarization converter, and further switches the focal length by altering the bias. For the second one, an LC polarization grating is utilized for rear spin-selective beam deflection. Consequently, a THz port selector is presented. This work supplies a promising method towards active THz elements, which may be widely applied in THz sensing, imaging, and communication.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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