Abstract

We present confocal fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy in the second near-infrared (NIR-II) window to assess the morphological and biochemical information of live samples. A home-built superconducting single-photon detector (SSPD) was used to facilitate the NIR-II fluorescence lifetime measurement. The SSPD has many advantages, including high sensitivity to NIR-II signals (detection efficiency ${\gt}{50}\%$), fast temporal response ($\sim\! {109}\;{\rm ps}$), low timing jitter (${\sim}{50}\;{\rm ps}$), and low dark count rate (${\lt}{100}\;{\rm cps}$). We demonstrate the feasibility of the developed microscopy system by comparing fluorescence lifetimes of a range of fluorophores with emission in the NIR-II window and by performing multicolor three-dimensional fluorescence lifetime imaging of a mouse ear in vivo. The biochemical properties of the cells and tissues probed by the fluorescence lifetimes of the fluorophores provide complementary information for biomedical studies, significantly benefiting diverse applications in life science.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (5)

NameDescription
» Data File 1       Measurement Data of ICG.
» Data File 2       Measurement Data of HSA-ICG.
» Data File 3       Measurement Data of BSA-ICG.
» Data File 4       Measurement Data of DMSO-ICG.
» Data File 5       Measurement data of IR820-BSA

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