Abstract

The topological transformation of optical vortex beams from fractional fork holograms induced by the modulation of controlled Gouy phase (GP) is demonstrated. The GP change is tuned by varying the wavefront curvature of the input beam on the plane of the fractional phase generating optic. The locus of the point of singularity traces a semi-circle about the beam axis for maximum possible change of the associated GP. The morphology parameters describing the anisotropic vortex phases of generated optical vortices are tuned in the experiment by varying the input wavefront curvature. Through the transformation of the transverse Poynting vector of the fractional vortex beams, control of the extrinsic orbital angular momentum is demonstrated for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. This could enable better manipulation of an optically trapped micro-particle and be used in optically driven micro-machines.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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