Abstract

The high-power, short-wavelength operation of a thulium-doped silica fiber laser at 1726 nm has been demonstrated in a core-pumped monolithic (all-fiber) resonator configuration, in-band pumped by a high-power erbium-only fiber laser operating at 1580 nm. The thulium fiber laser yielded 47 W in a single-spatial-mode output beam for 60-W absorbed pump power. The corresponding slope efficiency, with respect to an absorbed pump power of 80%, compares favorably with the theoretical maximum (Stokes) efficiency of 91.5%. The prospects for further scaling of single-mode power in this wavelength regime to >100W are considered, as well as the potential applications for high-power lasers operating in this difficult-to-reach wavelength band.

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References

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2019 (2)

N. K. Thipparapu, Y. Wang, S. Wang, A. A. Umnikov, P. Barua, and J. K. Sahu, Opt. Mater. Express 9, 2446 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Thouroude, H. Gilles, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Hideur, A. Tyazhev, R. Soulard, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, and M. Laroche, Laser Phys. Lett. 16, 025102 (2019).
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L. Zhang, J. Dong, and Y. Feng, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1400106 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. P. Garaba, J. Aitken, B. Slat, H. M. Dierssen, L. Lebreton, O. Zielinski, and J. Reisser, Environ. Sci. Technol. 52, 11699 (2018).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

2015 (1)

2014 (2)

K. Jansen, M. Wu, A. van der Steen, and G. van Soest, Photoacoustics 2, 12 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. V. Kotov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, O. I. Medvedkov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, S. Février, J. Lhermite, and E. Cormier, Proc. SPIE 8961, 89610X (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

F. H. Sakamoto, A. G. Doukas, W. A. Farinelli, Z. Tannous, M. Shinn, S. Benson, G. P. Williams, J. F. Gubeli, H. F. Dylla, and R. R. Anderson, Lasers Surg. Med. 44, 175 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095 (2012).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

1999 (1)

1991 (1)

J. E. Townsend, W. L. Barnes, K. P. Jedrzejewski, and S. G. Grubb, Electron. Lett. 27, 1958 (1991).
[Crossref]

Agger, S. D.

Aitken, J.

S. P. Garaba, J. Aitken, B. Slat, H. M. Dierssen, L. Lebreton, O. Zielinski, and J. Reisser, Environ. Sci. Technol. 52, 11699 (2018).
[Crossref]

Anderson, R. R.

F. H. Sakamoto, A. G. Doukas, W. A. Farinelli, Z. Tannous, M. Shinn, S. Benson, G. P. Williams, J. F. Gubeli, H. F. Dylla, and R. R. Anderson, Lasers Surg. Med. 44, 175 (2012).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

J. E. Townsend, W. L. Barnes, K. P. Jedrzejewski, and S. G. Grubb, Electron. Lett. 27, 1958 (1991).
[Crossref]

Barua, P.

Benson, S.

F. H. Sakamoto, A. G. Doukas, W. A. Farinelli, Z. Tannous, M. Shinn, S. Benson, G. P. Williams, J. F. Gubeli, H. F. Dylla, and R. R. Anderson, Lasers Surg. Med. 44, 175 (2012).
[Crossref]

Boyd, K.

Bubnov, M. M.

L. V. Kotov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, O. I. Medvedkov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, S. Février, J. Lhermite, and E. Cormier, Proc. SPIE 8961, 89610X (2014).
[Crossref]

Cadier, B.

R. Thouroude, H. Gilles, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Hideur, A. Tyazhev, R. Soulard, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, and M. Laroche, Laser Phys. Lett. 16, 025102 (2019).
[Crossref]

Camy, P.

R. Thouroude, H. Gilles, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Hideur, A. Tyazhev, R. Soulard, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, and M. Laroche, Laser Phys. Lett. 16, 025102 (2019).
[Crossref]

Clarkson, W. A.

K. Boyd, N. Simakov, A. Hemming, J. Daniel, R. Swain, E. Mies, S. Rees, W. A. Clarkson, and J. Haub, Appl. Opt. 55, 2915 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. M. O. Daniel, N. Simakov, M. Tokurakawa, M. Ibsen, and W. A. Clarkson, Opt. Express 23, 18269 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. C. Shardlow, R. Standish, J. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Cladding shaping of optical fiber preforms via CO2 laser machining,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics—European Quantum Electronics Conference, Munich, Germany (Optical Society of America, 2015).

Cormier, E.

L. V. Kotov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, O. I. Medvedkov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, S. Février, J. Lhermite, and E. Cormier, Proc. SPIE 8961, 89610X (2014).
[Crossref]

Daniel, J.

Daniel, J. M. O.

Dierssen, H. M.

S. P. Garaba, J. Aitken, B. Slat, H. M. Dierssen, L. Lebreton, O. Zielinski, and J. Reisser, Environ. Sci. Technol. 52, 11699 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dong, J.

L. Zhang, J. Dong, and Y. Feng, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1400106 (2018).
[Crossref]

Doualan, J.-L.

R. Thouroude, H. Gilles, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Hideur, A. Tyazhev, R. Soulard, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, and M. Laroche, Laser Phys. Lett. 16, 025102 (2019).
[Crossref]

Doukas, A. G.

F. H. Sakamoto, A. G. Doukas, W. A. Farinelli, Z. Tannous, M. Shinn, S. Benson, G. P. Williams, J. F. Gubeli, H. F. Dylla, and R. R. Anderson, Lasers Surg. Med. 44, 175 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dylla, H. F.

F. H. Sakamoto, A. G. Doukas, W. A. Farinelli, Z. Tannous, M. Shinn, S. Benson, G. P. Williams, J. F. Gubeli, H. F. Dylla, and R. R. Anderson, Lasers Surg. Med. 44, 175 (2012).
[Crossref]

Farinelli, W. A.

F. H. Sakamoto, A. G. Doukas, W. A. Farinelli, Z. Tannous, M. Shinn, S. Benson, G. P. Williams, J. F. Gubeli, H. F. Dylla, and R. R. Anderson, Lasers Surg. Med. 44, 175 (2012).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

L. Zhang, J. Dong, and Y. Feng, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1400106 (2018).
[Crossref]

Février, S.

L. V. Kotov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, O. I. Medvedkov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, S. Février, J. Lhermite, and E. Cormier, Proc. SPIE 8961, 89610X (2014).
[Crossref]

Garaba, S. P.

S. P. Garaba, J. Aitken, B. Slat, H. M. Dierssen, L. Lebreton, O. Zielinski, and J. Reisser, Environ. Sci. Technol. 52, 11699 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gilles, H.

R. Thouroude, H. Gilles, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Hideur, A. Tyazhev, R. Soulard, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, and M. Laroche, Laser Phys. Lett. 16, 025102 (2019).
[Crossref]

Grubb, S. G.

J. E. Townsend, W. L. Barnes, K. P. Jedrzejewski, and S. G. Grubb, Electron. Lett. 27, 1958 (1991).
[Crossref]

Gubeli, J. F.

F. H. Sakamoto, A. G. Doukas, W. A. Farinelli, Z. Tannous, M. Shinn, S. Benson, G. P. Williams, J. F. Gubeli, H. F. Dylla, and R. R. Anderson, Lasers Surg. Med. 44, 175 (2012).
[Crossref]

Guryanov, A. N.

L. V. Kotov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, O. I. Medvedkov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, S. Février, J. Lhermite, and E. Cormier, Proc. SPIE 8961, 89610X (2014).
[Crossref]

Haub, J.

Hemming, A.

Hideur, A.

R. Thouroude, H. Gilles, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Hideur, A. Tyazhev, R. Soulard, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, and M. Laroche, Laser Phys. Lett. 16, 025102 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ibsen, M.

Jackson, S. D.

Jansen, K.

K. Jansen, M. Wu, A. van der Steen, and G. van Soest, Photoacoustics 2, 12 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jedrzejewski, K. P.

J. E. Townsend, W. L. Barnes, K. P. Jedrzejewski, and S. G. Grubb, Electron. Lett. 27, 1958 (1991).
[Crossref]

Kadwani, P.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095 (2012).
[Crossref]

King, T. A.

Klein, R.

R. Klein, Laser Welding of Plastics (Wiley, 2012), pp. 36–55.

Kotov, L. V.

L. V. Kotov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, O. I. Medvedkov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, S. Février, J. Lhermite, and E. Cormier, Proc. SPIE 8961, 89610X (2014).
[Crossref]

Laroche, M.

R. Thouroude, H. Gilles, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Hideur, A. Tyazhev, R. Soulard, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, and M. Laroche, Laser Phys. Lett. 16, 025102 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lebreton, L.

S. P. Garaba, J. Aitken, B. Slat, H. M. Dierssen, L. Lebreton, O. Zielinski, and J. Reisser, Environ. Sci. Technol. 52, 11699 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lhermite, J.

L. V. Kotov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, O. I. Medvedkov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, S. Février, J. Lhermite, and E. Cormier, Proc. SPIE 8961, 89610X (2014).
[Crossref]

Likhachev, M. E.

L. V. Kotov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, O. I. Medvedkov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, S. Février, J. Lhermite, and E. Cormier, Proc. SPIE 8961, 89610X (2014).
[Crossref]

Medvedkov, O. I.

L. V. Kotov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, O. I. Medvedkov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, S. Février, J. Lhermite, and E. Cormier, Proc. SPIE 8961, 89610X (2014).
[Crossref]

Mies, E.

Mingareev, I.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095 (2012).
[Crossref]

Olowinsky, A.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095 (2012).
[Crossref]

Povlsen, J. H.

Rees, S.

Reisser, J.

S. P. Garaba, J. Aitken, B. Slat, H. M. Dierssen, L. Lebreton, O. Zielinski, and J. Reisser, Environ. Sci. Technol. 52, 11699 (2018).
[Crossref]

Richardson, M.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095 (2012).
[Crossref]

Robin, T.

R. Thouroude, H. Gilles, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Hideur, A. Tyazhev, R. Soulard, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, and M. Laroche, Laser Phys. Lett. 16, 025102 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sahu, J.

P. C. Shardlow, R. Standish, J. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Cladding shaping of optical fiber preforms via CO2 laser machining,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics—European Quantum Electronics Conference, Munich, Germany (Optical Society of America, 2015).

Sahu, J. K.

Sakamoto, F. H.

F. H. Sakamoto, A. G. Doukas, W. A. Farinelli, Z. Tannous, M. Shinn, S. Benson, G. P. Williams, J. F. Gubeli, H. F. Dylla, and R. R. Anderson, Lasers Surg. Med. 44, 175 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shah, L.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shardlow, P. C.

P. C. Shardlow, R. Standish, J. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Cladding shaping of optical fiber preforms via CO2 laser machining,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics—European Quantum Electronics Conference, Munich, Germany (Optical Society of America, 2015).

Shinn, M.

F. H. Sakamoto, A. G. Doukas, W. A. Farinelli, Z. Tannous, M. Shinn, S. Benson, G. P. Williams, J. F. Gubeli, H. F. Dylla, and R. R. Anderson, Lasers Surg. Med. 44, 175 (2012).
[Crossref]

Simakov, N.

Slat, B.

S. P. Garaba, J. Aitken, B. Slat, H. M. Dierssen, L. Lebreton, O. Zielinski, and J. Reisser, Environ. Sci. Technol. 52, 11699 (2018).
[Crossref]

Soulard, R.

R. Thouroude, H. Gilles, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Hideur, A. Tyazhev, R. Soulard, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, and M. Laroche, Laser Phys. Lett. 16, 025102 (2019).
[Crossref]

Standish, R.

P. C. Shardlow, R. Standish, J. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Cladding shaping of optical fiber preforms via CO2 laser machining,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics—European Quantum Electronics Conference, Munich, Germany (Optical Society of America, 2015).

Swain, R.

Tannous, Z.

F. H. Sakamoto, A. G. Doukas, W. A. Farinelli, Z. Tannous, M. Shinn, S. Benson, G. P. Williams, J. F. Gubeli, H. F. Dylla, and R. R. Anderson, Lasers Surg. Med. 44, 175 (2012).
[Crossref]

Thipparapu, N. K.

Thouroude, R.

R. Thouroude, H. Gilles, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Hideur, A. Tyazhev, R. Soulard, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, and M. Laroche, Laser Phys. Lett. 16, 025102 (2019).
[Crossref]

Tokurakawa, M.

Townsend, J. E.

J. E. Townsend, W. L. Barnes, K. P. Jedrzejewski, and S. G. Grubb, Electron. Lett. 27, 1958 (1991).
[Crossref]

Tyazhev, A.

R. Thouroude, H. Gilles, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Hideur, A. Tyazhev, R. Soulard, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, and M. Laroche, Laser Phys. Lett. 16, 025102 (2019).
[Crossref]

Umnikov, A. A.

van der Steen, A.

K. Jansen, M. Wu, A. van der Steen, and G. van Soest, Photoacoustics 2, 12 (2014).
[Crossref]

van Soest, G.

K. Jansen, M. Wu, A. van der Steen, and G. van Soest, Photoacoustics 2, 12 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

Wang, Y.

Weirauch, F.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095 (2012).
[Crossref]

Williams, G. P.

F. H. Sakamoto, A. G. Doukas, W. A. Farinelli, Z. Tannous, M. Shinn, S. Benson, G. P. Williams, J. F. Gubeli, H. F. Dylla, and R. R. Anderson, Lasers Surg. Med. 44, 175 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, M.

K. Jansen, M. Wu, A. van der Steen, and G. van Soest, Photoacoustics 2, 12 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yashkov, M. V.

L. V. Kotov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, O. I. Medvedkov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, S. Février, J. Lhermite, and E. Cormier, Proc. SPIE 8961, 89610X (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, J. Dong, and Y. Feng, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1400106 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zielinski, O.

S. P. Garaba, J. Aitken, B. Slat, H. M. Dierssen, L. Lebreton, O. Zielinski, and J. Reisser, Environ. Sci. Technol. 52, 11699 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. E. Townsend, W. L. Barnes, K. P. Jedrzejewski, and S. G. Grubb, Electron. Lett. 27, 1958 (1991).
[Crossref]

Environ. Sci. Technol. (1)

S. P. Garaba, J. Aitken, B. Slat, H. M. Dierssen, L. Lebreton, O. Zielinski, and J. Reisser, Environ. Sci. Technol. 52, 11699 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Zhang, J. Dong, and Y. Feng, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1400106 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Thouroude, H. Gilles, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Hideur, A. Tyazhev, R. Soulard, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, and M. Laroche, Laser Phys. Lett. 16, 025102 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lasers Surg. Med. (1)

F. H. Sakamoto, A. G. Doukas, W. A. Farinelli, Z. Tannous, M. Shinn, S. Benson, G. P. Williams, J. F. Gubeli, H. F. Dylla, and R. R. Anderson, Lasers Surg. Med. 44, 175 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 2095 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Photoacoustics (1)

K. Jansen, M. Wu, A. van der Steen, and G. van Soest, Photoacoustics 2, 12 (2014).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. V. Kotov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, O. I. Medvedkov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, S. Février, J. Lhermite, and E. Cormier, Proc. SPIE 8961, 89610X (2014).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

P. C. Shardlow, R. Standish, J. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Cladding shaping of optical fiber preforms via CO2 laser machining,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics—European Quantum Electronics Conference, Munich, Germany (Optical Society of America, 2015).

R. Klein, Laser Welding of Plastics (Wiley, 2012), pp. 36–55.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. System schematic for the erbium-doped fiber (EDF) laser. (HR 1580 nm FBG: high reflectivity fiber Bragg grating at 1580 nm.)
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Output power for the Er fiber laser plotted against both launched pump power and absorbed pump power, yielding slope efficiencies (η) of 24% and 30%, respectively.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. M2 measurement of the erbium-doped fiber laser. Mx2=1.09 and My2=1.10. Inset: the beam profile captured using a Spiricon Pyrocam.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Schematic of the thulium-doped fiber laser. (HR 1726 nm FBG: high reflectivity fiber Bragg grating at 1726 nm.)
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Output power versus absorbed pump power for the Tm-doped fiber laser with corresponding slope efficiency (η) of 80%. Inset: output spectrum for Tm fiber laser.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. M2 measurement of the thulium-doped fiber laser. Mx2=1.05 & My2=1.01. Inset: the beam profile captured using a Spiricon Pyrocam.