Abstract

A novel twist-direction-dependent high-order orbital angular momentum (OAM) generator based on an inflated helical photonic crystal fiber (IHPCF) was demonstrated by use of an inflation-assisted hydrogen-oxygen flame heating technique. Compared with the helical photonic crystal fiber, the IHPCF exhibits a perfect transmission dip without distinct splits, thus generating high-quality OAM±6 modes. The helical phase of the generated OAM modes is dependent on the twist direction of the IHPCF and independent of the polarization state of the input light. In addition, the polarization state of the generated OAM modes is the same as that of the input light.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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References

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

Wei, K.

Wen, J.

Willner, A. E.

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[Crossref]

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Yu, S.

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Zuo, Y.

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Light: Sci. Appl. (1)

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. D. Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Measurement (1)

C. Wang, W. Jin, W. Jin, J. Ju, and J. Ma, Measurement 79, 172 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Optica (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, and R. J. Spreeuw, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

N. Cvijetic, G. Milione, E. Ip, and T. Wang, Sci. Rep. 5, 15422 (2015).
[Crossref]

Science (3)

G. K. L. Wong and P. St.J. Russell, Science 337, 446 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman, and R. R. McLeod, Science 324, 913 (2009).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup for fabricating clockwise and anticlockwise IHPCFs by use of an inflation-assisted hydrogen-oxygen flame heating technique.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Scanning electron micrographs of the (a) HPCF and (b) IHPCF cross sections; side-view microscope images of the (c) clockwise- and (d) ACT-IHPCF.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Transmission spectrum evolution of the CT-IHPCF sample with the length decrease from 5.2 to 3.7 mm.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Transmission spectra of the three samples with twist rates of 8.51, 8.84, and 9.16 rad/mm for each of the four types of twisted PCFS: (a) CT-HPCF, (b) ACT-HPCF, (c) CT-IHPCF, and (d) ACT-IHPCF.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for exciting and detecting the OAM modes generated by the IHPCF at different polarization states of the input light. PBS, polarization beam splitter; BS, beam splitter; P 1 , polarizer1; P 2 , polarizer2; HWP, half-wave plate; QWP, quarter-wave plate.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Beam profiles and interference patterns for the OAM modes generated by the (a) CT-IHPCF and (b) ACT-IHPCF samples at different polarization states of the input light, i.e., PLP (parallel linearly polarized), VLP (vertical linearly polarized), RCP (right circularly polarized), and LCP (left circularly polarized), while P 2 was rotated from 0° to 270°. a i 1 and b i 1 illustrate the beam profiles; a i 2 and b i 2 illustrate the interference patterns, where i = 1 , 2, 3, and 4.

Equations (1)

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λ R = 2 π n SM ρ 2 α / | l | ,

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