Abstract

In this work, we present optical add/drop multiplexer (OADM) filters for coarse wavelength-division-multiplexing (CWDM) systems with high sidelobe suppressions that result in high adjacent channel isolations (Ai). The filters are realized by using a compact, series-cascaded configuration of apodized, contradirectional-coupling-based filters. We experimentally demonstrate a device with a measured Ai of 53 dB (these devices hold the promise of achieving even higher Ais). While having large Ais, our devices have the wide bandwidths and low insertion losses required for CWDM applications. In addition, our demonstrated OADM has a nearly constant group delay, which results in low dispersion in the passband.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  3. S. Park, S.-G. Kim, J. Park, and G. Kim, Opt. Express 20, 23582 (2012).
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  4. P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, Opt. Express 14, 664 (2006).
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2018 (2)

Q. Wilmart, D. Fowler, C. Sciancalepore, K. Hassan, S. Plantier, L. Adelmini, S. Garcia, D. Robin-Brosse, S. Malhouitre, and S. Olivier, Proc. SPIE 10537, 1053709 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Ma, Z. Chen, H. Yun, Y. Wang, X. Wang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 30, 111 (2018).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Eid, R. Boeck, H. Jayatilleka, L. Chrostowski, W. Shi, and N. A. F. Jaeger, Opt. Express 24, 29009 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

2008 (1)

K. Ikeda, M. Nezhad, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201111 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2001 (1)

B. Nyman, M. Farries, and C. Si, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 255 (2001).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

1980 (1)

Adelmini, L.

Q. Wilmart, D. Fowler, C. Sciancalepore, K. Hassan, S. Plantier, L. Adelmini, S. Garcia, D. Robin-Brosse, S. Malhouitre, and S. Olivier, Proc. SPIE 10537, 1053709 (2018).
[Crossref]

Azaña, J.

S. Kaushal, R. Cheng, M. Ma, A. Mistry, M. Burla, L. Chrostowski, and J. Azaña, Frontiers of Optoelectronics (2018), pp. 1–26.

Baehr-Jones, T.

Baets, R.

Bahrami, H.

Beckx, S.

Boeck, R.

Boeuf, F.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bogaerts, W.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, Opt. Express 14, 664 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Pathak, E. Lambert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, and W. Bogaerts, in 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 45–47.

Bojko, R.

Bowers, J. E.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Burla, M.

S. Kaushal, R. Cheng, M. Ma, A. Mistry, M. Burla, L. Chrostowski, and J. Azaña, Frontiers of Optoelectronics (2018), pp. 1–26.

Cassan, E.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

M. Ma, Z. Chen, H. Yun, Y. Wang, X. Wang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 30, 111 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cheng, R.

S. Kaushal, R. Cheng, M. Ma, A. Mistry, M. Burla, L. Chrostowski, and J. Azaña, Frontiers of Optoelectronics (2018), pp. 1–26.

Chrostowski, L.

M. Ma, Z. Chen, H. Yun, Y. Wang, X. Wang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 30, 111 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Eid, R. Boeck, H. Jayatilleka, L. Chrostowski, W. Shi, and N. A. F. Jaeger, Opt. Express 24, 29009 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Wang, J. Flueckiger, H. Yun, W. Shi, R. Bojko, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, Opt. Express 22, 20652 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Shi, X. Wang, C. Lin, H. Yun, Y. Liu, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, Opt. Express 21, 3633 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Shi, H. Yun, C. Lin, M. Greenberg, X. Wang, Y. Wang, S. T. Fard, J. Flueckiger, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, Opt. Express 21, 6733 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, W. Shi, H. Yun, S. Grist, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, Opt. Express 20, 15547 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Shi, X. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, Opt. Lett. 36, 3999 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Chrostowski, X. Wang, J. Flueckiger, Y. Wu, Y. Wang, and S. T. Fard, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th2A-37.

S. Kaushal, R. Cheng, M. Ma, A. Mistry, M. Burla, L. Chrostowski, and J. Azaña, Frontiers of Optoelectronics (2018), pp. 1–26.

M. Hammood, A. Mistry, M. Ma, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, in 15th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 129–130.

Dumon, P.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, Opt. Express 14, 664 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Pathak, E. Lambert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, and W. Bogaerts, in 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 45–47.

Eid, N.

Fainman, Y.

K. Ikeda, M. Nezhad, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fard, S. T.

W. Shi, H. Yun, C. Lin, M. Greenberg, X. Wang, Y. Wang, S. T. Fard, J. Flueckiger, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, Opt. Express 21, 6733 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Chrostowski, X. Wang, J. Flueckiger, Y. Wu, Y. Wang, and S. T. Fard, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th2A-37.

Farries, M.

B. Nyman, M. Farries, and C. Si, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 255 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fédéli, J.-M.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Flueckiger, J.

Fowler, D.

Q. Wilmart, D. Fowler, C. Sciancalepore, K. Hassan, S. Plantier, L. Adelmini, S. Garcia, D. Robin-Brosse, S. Malhouitre, and S. Olivier, Proc. SPIE 10537, 1053709 (2018).
[Crossref]

Garcia, S.

Q. Wilmart, D. Fowler, C. Sciancalepore, K. Hassan, S. Plantier, L. Adelmini, S. Garcia, D. Robin-Brosse, S. Malhouitre, and S. Olivier, Proc. SPIE 10537, 1053709 (2018).
[Crossref]

Greenberg, M.

Grist, S.

Hammood, M.

M. Hammood, A. Mistry, M. Ma, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, in 15th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 129–130.

Hartmann, J.-M.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hassan, K.

Q. Wilmart, D. Fowler, C. Sciancalepore, K. Hassan, S. Plantier, L. Adelmini, S. Garcia, D. Robin-Brosse, S. Malhouitre, and S. Olivier, Proc. SPIE 10537, 1053709 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hochberg, M.

Ikeda, K.

K. Ikeda, M. Nezhad, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jaeger, N. A. F.

Jaenen, P.

Jayatilleka, H.

Jean, P.

Kaushal, S.

S. Kaushal, R. Cheng, M. Ma, A. Mistry, M. Burla, L. Chrostowski, and J. Azaña, Frontiers of Optoelectronics (2018), pp. 1–26.

Kim, G.

Kim, S.-G.

Komljenovic, T.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lambert, E.

S. Pathak, E. Lambert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, and W. Bogaerts, in 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 45–47.

LaRochelle, S.

Lin, C.

Liu, Y.

Ma, M.

M. Ma, Z. Chen, H. Yun, Y. Wang, X. Wang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 30, 111 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Hammood, A. Mistry, M. Ma, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, in 15th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 129–130.

S. Kaushal, R. Cheng, M. Ma, A. Mistry, M. Burla, L. Chrostowski, and J. Azaña, Frontiers of Optoelectronics (2018), pp. 1–26.

Malhouitre, S.

Q. Wilmart, D. Fowler, C. Sciancalepore, K. Hassan, S. Plantier, L. Adelmini, S. Garcia, D. Robin-Brosse, S. Malhouitre, and S. Olivier, Proc. SPIE 10537, 1053709 (2018).
[Crossref]

Marris-Morini, D.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mashanovich, G.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mistry, A.

M. Hammood, A. Mistry, M. Ma, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, in 15th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 129–130.

S. Kaushal, R. Cheng, M. Ma, A. Mistry, M. Burla, L. Chrostowski, and J. Azaña, Frontiers of Optoelectronics (2018), pp. 1–26.

Nedeljkovic, M.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nezhad, M.

K. Ikeda, M. Nezhad, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nyman, B.

B. Nyman, M. Farries, and C. Si, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 255 (2001).
[Crossref]

O’Brien, P.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Olivier, S.

Q. Wilmart, D. Fowler, C. Sciancalepore, K. Hassan, S. Plantier, L. Adelmini, S. Garcia, D. Robin-Brosse, S. Malhouitre, and S. Olivier, Proc. SPIE 10537, 1053709 (2018).
[Crossref]

Park, J.

Park, S.

Pathak, S.

S. Pathak, E. Lambert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, and W. Bogaerts, in 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 45–47.

Plantier, S.

Q. Wilmart, D. Fowler, C. Sciancalepore, K. Hassan, S. Plantier, L. Adelmini, S. Garcia, D. Robin-Brosse, S. Malhouitre, and S. Olivier, Proc. SPIE 10537, 1053709 (2018).
[Crossref]

Reed, G. T.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Robin-Brosse, D.

Q. Wilmart, D. Fowler, C. Sciancalepore, K. Hassan, S. Plantier, L. Adelmini, S. Garcia, D. Robin-Brosse, S. Malhouitre, and S. Olivier, Proc. SPIE 10537, 1053709 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sakata, H.

Schmid, J.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sciancalepore, C.

Q. Wilmart, D. Fowler, C. Sciancalepore, K. Hassan, S. Plantier, L. Adelmini, S. Garcia, D. Robin-Brosse, S. Malhouitre, and S. Olivier, Proc. SPIE 10537, 1053709 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shi, W.

Si, C.

B. Nyman, M. Farries, and C. Si, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 255 (2001).
[Crossref]

St-Yves, J.

J. St-Yves, H. Bahrami, P. Jean, S. LaRochelle, and W. Shi, Opt. Lett. 40, 5471 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. St-Yves, “Contra-directional couplers as optical filters on the silicon on insulator platform,” thesis (Université Laval, 2017).

Taillaert, D.

Taylor, H.

Thomson, D.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Van Thourhout, D.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, Opt. Express 14, 664 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Pathak, E. Lambert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, and W. Bogaerts, in 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP) (IEEE, 2011), pp. 45–47.

Virot, L.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Vivien, L.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

M. Ma, Z. Chen, H. Yun, Y. Wang, X. Wang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 30, 111 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Wang, J. Flueckiger, H. Yun, W. Shi, R. Bojko, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, Opt. Express 22, 20652 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Shi, H. Yun, C. Lin, M. Greenberg, X. Wang, Y. Wang, S. T. Fard, J. Flueckiger, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, Opt. Express 21, 6733 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Chrostowski, X. Wang, J. Flueckiger, Y. Wu, Y. Wang, and S. T. Fard, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th2A-37.

Wilmart, Q.

Q. Wilmart, D. Fowler, C. Sciancalepore, K. Hassan, S. Plantier, L. Adelmini, S. Garcia, D. Robin-Brosse, S. Malhouitre, and S. Olivier, Proc. SPIE 10537, 1053709 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wouters, J.

Wu, Y.

L. Chrostowski, X. Wang, J. Flueckiger, Y. Wu, Y. Wang, and S. T. Fard, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th2A-37.

Xu, D.-X.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljković, J. Opt. 18, 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yeh, P.

Yun, H.

Zhang, W.

Zilkie, A.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Schematic of a contra-DC, with the four ports and the design parameters labeled. (b) False colored scanning electron microscope image of a section of fabricated contra-DC. (c) Transmission spectra (throughport and drop-port) of a typical contra-DC, illustrating the filtering effect around the contra-DC Bragg wavelength ( λ B ). The sidelobe suppression ratio (SLSR) is labeled for the adjacent sidelobes.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Drop-port responses for a uniform (red) and a Gaussian apodized (blue) contra-DC filter, demonstrating the effect of apodization on sidelobe suppression.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Measured, normalized drop-port response of the four-stage series-cascaded device; the measurement limit can be seen at the rejection band of the filter’s drop-port. An A i of 53 dB is obtained for a channel grid of 10 nm.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Schematic of (a) an N -stage series-cascaded contra-DC filter configuration and (b) a four-stage series-cascaded contra-DC.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Simulated drop-port responses of four devices for N = 1 to N = 4 .
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Calibrated experimental results of the drop-port response of the series-cascaded devices with (a)  N = 1 , (b)  N = 2 , (c)  N = 3 , and (d)  N = 4 .
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Drop-port response, showing the insertion loss, the 3db bandwidth, and the group delay 20 dB bandwidth of the calibrated drop-port (blue) and group delay (red) responses of the four-stage device, showing the low insertion loss and nearly constant group delay across the drop-port’s passband.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Summary of the Figures of Merit of Multistage Series-Cascaded Filters

Equations (1)

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Δ W ( n ) = Δ W 0 e 2 [ α ( n 0.5 N ˜ ) / N ˜ ] 2 ,

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