Abstract

An ultra-compact half-wavelength pitch silicon waveguide array with very low crosstalk is proposed and analyzed in this work. We first show the design of a pair of low-crosstalk silicon waveguides with only half-wavelength spacing, where the placement of two thin silicon strips asymmetrically in between the waveguides is key to having very low crosstalk. We next extend this nano-structured two-waveguide design to form a low-crosstalk half-wavelength pitch silicon waveguide array. Coupled-mode theory shows that, for an array length of 1 mm, the insertion loss of the input waveguide is as low as 0.13dB for the TE-like mode at 1550 nm, and the crosstalk in all other waveguides remains below about 18dB. This half-wavelength pitch waveguide array also exhibits a favorable fabrication error tolerance when taking into account the waveguide width variations in practice. It offers a promising platform for realization of integrated optical phased arrays for solid-state lidars with a large field of view.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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