Abstract

One-dimensional superlattices with modulated coupling constants show rich topological properties and tunable edge states. Beyond the dimeric case, probing the topological properties of superlattices is a challenge. Here we suggest a rather general method of bulk probing topological invariants in waveguide superlattices based on spatial displacement of discretized beams. A judiciously tailored initial beam excitation of the lattice, corresponding to superposition of Wannier functions, provides a direct measure of the band gap topological numbers. For a quadrimeric superlattice, a simple bulk probing method, which avoids Wannier states, is proposed to discriminate the existence of zero-energy topological edge states from non-topological ones.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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