Abstract

We show that a plasmonic semiconductor substrate can support highly confined surface plasmons when it is covered by a graphene layer. This occurs when the imaginary part of graphene conductivity and real part of the effective permittivity of the surrounding medium become simultaneously negative. Full-wave electromagnetic simulations demonstrate the occurrence of negative refraction and two-dimensional lensing at the interface separating regions supporting conventional right-handed graphene plasmons and left-handed surface plasmon polaritons.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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