Abstract

We introduce a novel configuration for the broadband measurement of the optical activity of molecules, combining time-domain detection with heterodyne amplification. A birefringent common-path polarization-division interferometer creates two phase-locked replicas of the input light with orthogonal polarization. The more intense replica interacts with the sample, producing a chiral free-induction decay field, which interferes with the other replica, acting as a time-delayed phase-coherent local oscillator. By recording the delay-dependent interferogram, we obtain by a Fourier transform both the circular dichroism and circular birefringence spectra. Our compact, low-cost setup accepts ultrashort light pulses, making it suitable for measurement of transient optical activity.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2017 (3)

2016 (2)

2015 (3)

2014 (1)

J. Réhault, M. Maiuri, A. Oriana, and G. Cerullo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 123107 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

J. Meyer-Ilse, D. Akimov, and B. Dietzek, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 495 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

J. Conyard, K. Addison, I. A. Heisler, A. Cnossen, W. R. Browne, B. L. Feringa, and S. R. Meech, Nat. Chem. 4, 547 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, and G. Cerullo, Opt. Lett. 37, 3027 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, H. Rhee, and M. Cho, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 103901 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Rhee, I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, and M. Cho, Chem. Soc. Rev. 41, 4457 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

H. Rhee, J. Choi, and M. Cho, Acc. Chem. Res. 43, 1527 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Trifonov, I. Buchvarov, A. Lohr, F. Würthner, and T. Fiebig, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 43104 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Mangot, G. Taupier, M. Romeo, A. Boeglin, O. Cregut, and K. D. Dorkenoo, Opt. Lett. 35, 381 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

H. Rhee, Y.-G. June, J.-S. Lee, K.-K. Lee, J.-H. Ha, Z.-H. Kim, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, Nature 458, 310 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Helbing and M. Bonmarin, J. Chem. Phys. 131, 174507 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

H. Rhee, J. H. Ha, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, J. Chem. Phys. 129, 94507 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

N. Sreerama and R. W. Woody, Methods Enzymol. 383, 318 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

E. Castiglioni, F. Lebon, G. Longhi, and S. Abbate, Enantiomer 7, 161 (2002).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

1990 (2)

1941 (1)

Abbate, S.

E. Castiglioni, F. Lebon, G. Longhi, and S. Abbate, Enantiomer 7, 161 (2002).
[Crossref]

Addison, K.

J. Conyard, K. Addison, I. A. Heisler, A. Cnossen, W. R. Browne, B. L. Feringa, and S. R. Meech, Nat. Chem. 4, 547 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ahn, S.-H.

H. Rhee, I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, and M. Cho, Chem. Soc. Rev. 41, 4457 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, H. Rhee, and M. Cho, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 103901 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, H. Rhee, and M. Cho, Opt. Express 19, 10017 (2011).
[Crossref]

Akimov, D.

J. Meyer-Ilse, D. Akimov, and B. Dietzek, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 495 (2013).
[Crossref]

Barron, L. D.

L. D. Barron, Molecular Light Scattering and Optical Activity (Cambridge University, 2004).

Berova, N.

N. Berova, K. Nakanishi, and R. W. Woody, Circular Dichroism: Principles and Applications (Wiley, 2000).

Boeglin, A.

Bonmarin, M.

J. Helbing and M. Bonmarin, J. Chem. Phys. 131, 174507 (2009).
[Crossref]

Borrego-Varillas, R.

Brida, D.

Browne, W. R.

J. Conyard, K. Addison, I. A. Heisler, A. Cnossen, W. R. Browne, B. L. Feringa, and S. R. Meech, Nat. Chem. 4, 547 (2012).
[Crossref]

Buchvarov, I.

A. Trifonov, I. Buchvarov, A. Lohr, F. Würthner, and T. Fiebig, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 43104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Buijs, H.

Castiglioni, E.

E. Castiglioni, F. Lebon, G. Longhi, and S. Abbate, Enantiomer 7, 161 (2002).
[Crossref]

Cerullo, G.

Chen, G.-C.

Chériaux, G.

Cho, M.

H. Rhee, I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, and M. Cho, Chem. Soc. Rev. 41, 4457 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, H. Rhee, and M. Cho, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 103901 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, H. Rhee, and M. Cho, Opt. Express 19, 10017 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Rhee, J. Choi, and M. Cho, Acc. Chem. Res. 43, 1527 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Rhee, Y.-G. June, J.-S. Lee, K.-K. Lee, J.-H. Ha, Z.-H. Kim, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, Nature 458, 310 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Rhee, J. H. Ha, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, J. Chem. Phys. 129, 94507 (2008).
[Crossref]

Choi, J.

H. Rhee, J. Choi, and M. Cho, Acc. Chem. Res. 43, 1527 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ciardi, G.

Cnossen, A.

J. Conyard, K. Addison, I. A. Heisler, A. Cnossen, W. R. Browne, B. L. Feringa, and S. R. Meech, Nat. Chem. 4, 547 (2012).
[Crossref]

Conyard, J.

J. Conyard, K. Addison, I. A. Heisler, A. Cnossen, W. R. Browne, B. L. Feringa, and S. R. Meech, Nat. Chem. 4, 547 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cregut, O.

Crisafi, F.

D’Andrea, C.

Deng, Z.

Dietzek, B.

J. Meyer-Ilse, D. Akimov, and B. Dietzek, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 495 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dorkenoo, K. D.

Dutta, B.

Eom, I.

I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, H. Rhee, and M. Cho, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 103901 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Rhee, I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, and M. Cho, Chem. Soc. Rev. 41, 4457 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, H. Rhee, and M. Cho, Opt. Express 19, 10017 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fasman, G. D.

G. D. Fasman, Circular Dichroism and the Conformational Analysis of Biomolecules (Springer, 1996).

Feringa, B. L.

J. Conyard, K. Addison, I. A. Heisler, A. Cnossen, W. R. Browne, B. L. Feringa, and S. R. Meech, Nat. Chem. 4, 547 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

F. Preda, A. Oriana, J. Réhault, L. Lombardi, A. C. Ferrari, G. Cerullo, and D. Polli, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 88 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fiebig, T.

A. Trifonov, I. Buchvarov, A. Lohr, F. Würthner, and T. Fiebig, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 43104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Figueroa del Valle, D. G.

Freedman, T. B.

Ha, J. H.

H. Rhee, J. H. Ha, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, J. Chem. Phys. 129, 94507 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ha, J.-H.

H. Rhee, Y.-G. June, J.-S. Lee, K.-K. Lee, J.-H. Ha, Z.-H. Kim, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, Nature 458, 310 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hache, F.

Hauer, J.

Hauri, C. P.

Heisler, I. A.

J. Conyard, K. Addison, I. A. Heisler, A. Cnossen, W. R. Browne, B. L. Feringa, and S. R. Meech, Nat. Chem. 4, 547 (2012).
[Crossref]

Helbing, J.

Hiramatsu, K.

K. Hiramatsu and T. Nagata, J. Chem. Phys. 143, 121102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jeon, S.-J.

H. Rhee, Y.-G. June, J.-S. Lee, K.-K. Lee, J.-H. Ha, Z.-H. Kim, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, Nature 458, 310 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Rhee, J. H. Ha, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, J. Chem. Phys. 129, 94507 (2008).
[Crossref]

Joffre, M.

Jones, R. C.

June, Y.-G.

H. Rhee, Y.-G. June, J.-S. Lee, K.-K. Lee, J.-H. Ha, Z.-H. Kim, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, Nature 458, 310 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, Z.-H.

H. Rhee, Y.-G. June, J.-S. Lee, K.-K. Lee, J.-H. Ha, Z.-H. Kim, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, Nature 458, 310 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kumar, V.

Lebon, F.

E. Castiglioni, F. Lebon, G. Longhi, and S. Abbate, Enantiomer 7, 161 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.-S.

H. Rhee, Y.-G. June, J.-S. Lee, K.-K. Lee, J.-H. Ha, Z.-H. Kim, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, Nature 458, 310 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.-K.

H. Rhee, Y.-G. June, J.-S. Lee, K.-K. Lee, J.-H. Ha, Z.-H. Kim, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, Nature 458, 310 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, N. S.

Lepetit, L.

Lohr, A.

A. Trifonov, I. Buchvarov, A. Lohr, F. Würthner, and T. Fiebig, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 43104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lombardi, L.

F. Preda, A. Oriana, J. Réhault, L. Lombardi, A. C. Ferrari, G. Cerullo, and D. Polli, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 88 (2017).
[Crossref]

Longhi, G.

E. Castiglioni, F. Lebon, G. Longhi, and S. Abbate, Enantiomer 7, 161 (2002).
[Crossref]

Maiuri, M.

J. Réhault, M. Maiuri, A. Oriana, and G. Cerullo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 123107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mangot, L.

Manzoni, C.

Marangoni, M.

Meech, S. R.

J. Conyard, K. Addison, I. A. Heisler, A. Cnossen, W. R. Browne, B. L. Feringa, and S. R. Meech, Nat. Chem. 4, 547 (2012).
[Crossref]

Meyer-Ilse, J.

J. Meyer-Ilse, D. Akimov, and B. Dietzek, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 495 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nafie, L. A.

Nagata, T.

K. Hiramatsu and T. Nagata, J. Chem. Phys. 143, 121102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nakanishi, K.

N. Berova, K. Nakanishi, and R. W. Woody, Circular Dichroism: Principles and Applications (Wiley, 2000).

Niezborala, C.

Oriana, A.

F. Preda, A. Oriana, J. Réhault, L. Lombardi, A. C. Ferrari, G. Cerullo, and D. Polli, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 88 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Réhault, R. Borrego-Varillas, A. Oriana, C. Manzoni, C. P. Hauri, J. Helbing, and G. Cerullo, Opt. Express 25, 4403 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Oriana, J. Réhault, F. Preda, D. Polli, and G. Cerullo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 33, 1415 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Réhault, M. Maiuri, A. Oriana, and G. Cerullo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 123107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Perri, A.

Polavarapu, P. L.

P. L. Polavarapu, Z. Deng, and G.-C. Chen, Appl. Spectrosc. 49, 229 (1995).
[Crossref]

P. L. Polavarapu, Principles and Applications of Polarization-Division Interferometry (Wiley, 1997).

Polli, D.

Preda, F.

Ragunathan, N.

Réhault, J.

Rhee, H.

I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, H. Rhee, and M. Cho, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 103901 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Rhee, I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, and M. Cho, Chem. Soc. Rev. 41, 4457 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, H. Rhee, and M. Cho, Opt. Express 19, 10017 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Rhee, J. Choi, and M. Cho, Acc. Chem. Res. 43, 1527 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Rhee, Y.-G. June, J.-S. Lee, K.-K. Lee, J.-H. Ha, Z.-H. Kim, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, Nature 458, 310 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Rhee, J. H. Ha, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, J. Chem. Phys. 129, 94507 (2008).
[Crossref]

Romeo, M.

Simon, J. D.

Sreerama, N.

N. Sreerama and R. W. Woody, Methods Enzymol. 383, 318 (2004).
[Crossref]

Taupier, G.

Thyrhaug, E.

Trifonov, A.

A. Trifonov, I. Buchvarov, A. Lohr, F. Würthner, and T. Fiebig, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 43104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tripp, C.

Woody, R. W.

N. Sreerama and R. W. Woody, Methods Enzymol. 383, 318 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Berova, K. Nakanishi, and R. W. Woody, Circular Dichroism: Principles and Applications (Wiley, 2000).

Würthner, F.

A. Trifonov, I. Buchvarov, A. Lohr, F. Würthner, and T. Fiebig, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 43104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xie, X.

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

H. Rhee, J. Choi, and M. Cho, Acc. Chem. Res. 43, 1527 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Spectrosc. (2)

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

H. Rhee, I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, and M. Cho, Chem. Soc. Rev. 41, 4457 (2012).
[Crossref]

Enantiomer (1)

E. Castiglioni, F. Lebon, G. Longhi, and S. Abbate, Enantiomer 7, 161 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Preda, A. Oriana, J. Réhault, L. Lombardi, A. C. Ferrari, G. Cerullo, and D. Polli, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23, 88 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (3)

J. Helbing and M. Bonmarin, J. Chem. Phys. 131, 174507 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Rhee, J. H. Ha, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, J. Chem. Phys. 129, 94507 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Hiramatsu and T. Nagata, J. Chem. Phys. 143, 121102 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

J. Meyer-Ilse, D. Akimov, and B. Dietzek, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 495 (2013).
[Crossref]

Methods Enzymol. (1)

N. Sreerama and R. W. Woody, Methods Enzymol. 383, 318 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nat. Chem. (1)

J. Conyard, K. Addison, I. A. Heisler, A. Cnossen, W. R. Browne, B. L. Feringa, and S. R. Meech, Nat. Chem. 4, 547 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

H. Rhee, Y.-G. June, J.-S. Lee, K.-K. Lee, J.-H. Ha, Z.-H. Kim, S.-J. Jeon, and M. Cho, Nature 458, 310 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

I. Eom, S.-H. Ahn, H. Rhee, and M. Cho, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 103901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

A. Trifonov, I. Buchvarov, A. Lohr, F. Würthner, and T. Fiebig, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 43104 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Réhault, M. Maiuri, A. Oriana, and G. Cerullo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 123107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

P. L. Polavarapu, Principles and Applications of Polarization-Division Interferometry (Wiley, 1997).

G. D. Fasman, Circular Dichroism and the Conformational Analysis of Biomolecules (Springer, 1996).

N. Berova, K. Nakanishi, and R. W. Woody, Circular Dichroism: Principles and Applications (Wiley, 2000).

L. D. Barron, Molecular Light Scattering and Optical Activity (Cambridge University, 2004).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Scheme of the time-domain SP. P 1 , P 2 , polarizers; PDI, polarization-division interferometer; CS, chiral sample; LO, local oscillator; CFID, chiral free-induction decay signal; PD, photodiode.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Experimental setup for the time-domain SP using a CPI. P 1 , P 2 , linear polarizers; DAQ, data acquisition card; PC, personal computer.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Calibration (green line) and chiral (blue and red lines) IGs of nickel tartrate enantiomers. Chiral IG was measured with a halogen lamp in 5 s, averaged 10 times. (b) Top panel, excitation light spectrum transmitted by the sample and absorption spectrum of Nickel Tartrate; bottom panel, CD and CB spectra (solid and dotted lines, respectively) of (R, R) (red curves) and (S, S) (blues curves) enantiomers. Red and blue squares are the CD spectra measured with a standard dispersive SP.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) CD spectra for the (S, S) form of nickel tartrate at different concentrations, measured with a SC laser. (b) CD signal of nickel tartrate peak at λ = 1130    nm as a function of concentration (colored squares), together with a linear fit (dotted line).

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E in ( ω , τ ) = E 0 ( ω ) ( sin γ cos γ · e i ω τ ) T .
M chi 10 α / 2 e i ρ ( 1 CB i CD CB + i CD 1 ) ,
E out , H ( ω , τ ) = E 0 ( ω ) 10 α / 2 e i ρ · [ sin γ + ( CB i CD ) · cos γ · e i ω τ ] .
I chi ( τ ) = d ω | E out , H ( ω , τ ) | 2 d ω | E 0 ( ω ) | 2 10 α ( ω ) · { sin 2 γ + 2 sin γ cos γ · [ CB ( ω ) cos ( ω τ ) + CD ( ω ) sin ( ω τ ) ] } .
I cal ( τ ) = d ω | E 0 ( ω ) | 2 10 α ( ω ) · 1 2 { 1 + sin ( 2 γ ) · cos ( ω τ ) } .
CD ( ω ) = 1 / 2 Im { FT [ I chi ( τ ) ] / FT [ I cal ( τ ) ] } CB ( ω ) = 1 / 2 Re { FT [ I chi ( τ ) ] / FT [ I cal ( τ ) ] } .

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