Abstract

Optical spin-orbit interaction has gained much interest recently due to its universality and importance in modern photonics. In this Letter, we theoretically demonstrate that orbit-induced localized spin angular momentum (SAM) conversion can occur in the tight focusing of spin-free linearly polarized vortex beams (LPVBs). By analysis of the polarization states that are associated with the SAM density, we attribute the occurrence of such a conversion to the helical-phase-induced change of local polarization states in the focused field. In the local SAM, density can be further regulated by altering the sign and value of the orbital angular momentum in the incident LPVBs, as well as their polarization orientations. This Letter is expected to advance our understanding of optical spin-orbit coupling and benefit applications of optical microscopy and trapping.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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