Abstract

Miniaturized magnetic field sensors are increasingly used in various applications, such as geophysical exploration for minerals and oil, volcanology, earthquake studies, and biomedical imaging. Existing magnetometers lack either the spatial or the temporal resolution or are restricted to costly shielded labs and cannot operate in an unshielded environment. Increasing spatio-temporal resolution would allow for real-time measurements of magnetic fluctuations with high resolution. Here we report on a new nanocomposite-based system for miniaturized magnetic field sensing. The sensor is based on Dy3+-doped magnetite and cobalt ferrite nanoparticles dispersed in a polymer matrix. Operation is feasible at room temperature and in an unshielded environment. A compact fiber-optic interferometer is used as the detection mechanism with 20  fT/Hz sensitivity. We investigated the magnetic field response of the sensor and demonstrated the measurement of the human heartbeat as a potential application.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Cobalt ferrite nanoparticles polymer composites based all-optical magnetometer

Alejandra Lopez-Santiago, Hannah R. Grant, Palash Gangopadhyay, Ramakrishna Voorakaranam, Robert A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian
Opt. Mater. Express 2(7) 978-986 (2012)

Tuning the magneto-optic response of maghemite doped poly(phenylmethylvinyl siloxane) through electric field based nanoparticle orientation

Ganapathy Kumar, Satish M. Mahajan, Holly A. Stretz, and Sanjay K. Apte
Opt. Mater. Express 2(6) 864-871 (2012)

High-bandwidth optical magnetometer

Ricardo Jiménez-Martínez, W. Clark Griffith, Svenja Knappe, John Kitching, and Mark Prouty
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(12) 3398-3403 (2012)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. Koch, J. Electrocardiol. 37, 117 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. A. Huettel, A. W. Song, and G. McCarthy, Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Sinauer Associates, 2004), Vol. 1.
  3. C. Babiloni, V. Pizzella, C. Del Gratta, A. Ferretti, and G. L. Romani, Int. Rev. Neurobiol. 86, 67 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. I. Tavarozzi, S. Comani, C. Del Gratta, G. L. Romani, S. Di Luzio, D. Brisinda, S. Gallina, M. Zimarino, R. Fenici, and R. De Caterina, Ital. Heart J. 3, 75 (2002).
  5. B. Burle, L. Spieser, C. Roger, L. Casini, T. Hasbroucq, and F. Vidal, Int. J. Psychophysiol. 97, 210 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. E. Lenz, Proc. IEEE 78, 973 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. Clarke and A. I. Braginski, The SQUID Handbook: Applications of SQUIDs and SQUID Systems (Wiley, 2006).
  8. E. Boto, S. S. Meyer, V. Shah, O. Alem, S. Knappe, P. Kruger, T. M. Fromhold, M. Lim, P. M. Glover, P. G. Morris, and R. Bowtell, NeuroImage 149, 404 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  9. I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, Nature 422, 596 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  10. V. Shah, S. Knappe, P. D. Schwindt, and J. Kitching, Nat. Photonics 1, 649 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  11. B. Patton, E. Zhivun, D. C. Hovde, and D. Budker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 013001 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  12. D. Budker and M. Romalis, Nat. Phys. 3, 227 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  13. D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  14. R. Bahuguna, M. Mina, J. W. Tioh, and R. J. Weber, IEEE Trans. Magn. 42, 3099 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  15. B. J. Stadler and T. Mizumoto, IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  16. R. M. Silva, H. Martins, I. Nascimento, J. M. Baptista, A. L. Ribeiro, J. L. Santos, P. Jorge, and O. Frazão, Appl. Sci. 2, 602 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  17. P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, Sens. Actuators B 191, 19 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. Ballato and E. Snitzer, Appl. Opt. 34, 6848 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  19. V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, A. V. Gopal, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 370 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  20. V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and M. Nur-E-Alam, Nat. Commun. 4, 2128 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  21. I. Crassee, J. Levallois, A. L. Walter, M. Ostler, A. Bostwick, E. Rotenberg, T. Seyller, D. Van Der Marel, and A. B. Kuzmenko, Nat. Phys. 7, 48 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  22. A. Lopez-Santiago, H. R. Grant, P. Gangopadhyay, R. Voorakaranam, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Opt. Mater. Express 2, 978 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  23. E. M. Moreno, M. Zayat, M. P. Morales, C. J. Serna, A. Roig, and D. Levy, Langmuir 18, 4972 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  24. V. Bonanni, S. Bonetti, T. Pakizeh, Z. Pirzadeh, J. Chen, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, R. Hillenbrand, J. Åkerman, and A. Dmitriev, Nano Lett. 11, 5333 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  25. V. Demir, P. Gangopadhyay, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Opt. 53, 2087 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  26. A. Lopez-Santiago, P. Gangopadhyay, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, A. Persoons, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 143302 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  27. P. Gangopadhyay, A. Lopez-Santiago, R. Voorakaranam, R. Himmelhuber, C. Greenlee, J. Thomas, A. Persoons, R. A. Norwood, T. Verbiest, H. Yamada, and N. Peyghambarian, Nonlinear Opt. Quantum Opt. 41, 87 (2010).
  28. K. Miyamoto, K. Isai, M. Suwa, and H. Watarai, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 6328 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  29. H. Watarai, P. Gangopadhyay, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Chem. Lett. 43, 1651 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  30. A. Miles, Y. Gai, P. Gangopadhyay, X. Wang, R. A. Norwood, and J. J. Watkins, Opt. Mater. Express 7, 2126 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  31. J. Blake, P. Tantaswadi, and R. T. De Carvalho, IEEE Trans. Power Del. 11, 116 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  32. G. Frosio and R. Dändliker, Appl. Opt. 33, 6111 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  33. M. D. Greicius, G. Srivastava, A. L. Reiss, and V. Menon, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 4637 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  34. P. H. Scheltens, D. Leys, F. Barkhof, D. Huglo, H. C. Weinstein, P. Vermersch, M. Kuiper, M. Steinling, E. C. Wolters, and J. Valk, J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 55, 967 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  35. J. E. Adcock, R. G. Wise, J. M. Oxbury, S. M. Oxbury, and P. M. Matthews, Neuroimage 18, 423 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  36. L. Lemieux, A. Salek-Haddadi, T. E. Lund, H. Laufs, and D. Carmichael, Magn. Reson. Imaging 25, 894 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  37. Z. Zhang, G. Lu, Y. Zhong, Q. Tan, Z. Yang, W. Liao, Z. Chen, J. Shi, and Y. Liu, Neurosci. Lett. 458, 97 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  38. J. Sarvas, Phys. Med. Biol. 32, 11 (1987).
    [Crossref]

2017 (2)

E. Boto, S. S. Meyer, V. Shah, O. Alem, S. Knappe, P. Kruger, T. M. Fromhold, M. Lim, P. M. Glover, P. G. Morris, and R. Bowtell, NeuroImage 149, 404 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Miles, Y. Gai, P. Gangopadhyay, X. Wang, R. A. Norwood, and J. J. Watkins, Opt. Mater. Express 7, 2126 (2017).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

B. Burle, L. Spieser, C. Roger, L. Casini, T. Hasbroucq, and F. Vidal, Int. J. Psychophysiol. 97, 210 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

B. Patton, E. Zhivun, D. C. Hovde, and D. Budker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 013001 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. J. Stadler and T. Mizumoto, IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, Sens. Actuators B 191, 19 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Watarai, P. Gangopadhyay, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Chem. Lett. 43, 1651 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Demir, P. Gangopadhyay, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Opt. 53, 2087 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and M. Nur-E-Alam, Nat. Commun. 4, 2128 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

R. M. Silva, H. Martins, I. Nascimento, J. M. Baptista, A. L. Ribeiro, J. L. Santos, P. Jorge, and O. Frazão, Appl. Sci. 2, 602 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Lopez-Santiago, H. R. Grant, P. Gangopadhyay, R. Voorakaranam, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Opt. Mater. Express 2, 978 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

V. Bonanni, S. Bonetti, T. Pakizeh, Z. Pirzadeh, J. Chen, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, R. Hillenbrand, J. Åkerman, and A. Dmitriev, Nano Lett. 11, 5333 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Crassee, J. Levallois, A. L. Walter, M. Ostler, A. Bostwick, E. Rotenberg, T. Seyller, D. Van Der Marel, and A. B. Kuzmenko, Nat. Phys. 7, 48 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, A. V. Gopal, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 370 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

P. Gangopadhyay, A. Lopez-Santiago, R. Voorakaranam, R. Himmelhuber, C. Greenlee, J. Thomas, A. Persoons, R. A. Norwood, T. Verbiest, H. Yamada, and N. Peyghambarian, Nonlinear Opt. Quantum Opt. 41, 87 (2010).

2009 (5)

K. Miyamoto, K. Isai, M. Suwa, and H. Watarai, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 6328 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. E. Adcock, R. G. Wise, J. M. Oxbury, S. M. Oxbury, and P. M. Matthews, Neuroimage 18, 423 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, G. Lu, Y. Zhong, Q. Tan, Z. Yang, W. Liao, Z. Chen, J. Shi, and Y. Liu, Neurosci. Lett. 458, 97 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Lopez-Santiago, P. Gangopadhyay, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, A. Persoons, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 143302 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Babiloni, V. Pizzella, C. Del Gratta, A. Ferretti, and G. L. Romani, Int. Rev. Neurobiol. 86, 67 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

V. Shah, S. Knappe, P. D. Schwindt, and J. Kitching, Nat. Photonics 1, 649 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Budker and M. Romalis, Nat. Phys. 3, 227 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Lemieux, A. Salek-Haddadi, T. E. Lund, H. Laufs, and D. Carmichael, Magn. Reson. Imaging 25, 894 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

R. Bahuguna, M. Mina, J. W. Tioh, and R. J. Weber, IEEE Trans. Magn. 42, 3099 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

M. D. Greicius, G. Srivastava, A. L. Reiss, and V. Menon, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 4637 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Koch, J. Electrocardiol. 37, 117 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, Nature 422, 596 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

I. Tavarozzi, S. Comani, C. Del Gratta, G. L. Romani, S. Di Luzio, D. Brisinda, S. Gallina, M. Zimarino, R. Fenici, and R. De Caterina, Ital. Heart J. 3, 75 (2002).

E. M. Moreno, M. Zayat, M. P. Morales, C. J. Serna, A. Roig, and D. Levy, Langmuir 18, 4972 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

J. Blake, P. Tantaswadi, and R. T. De Carvalho, IEEE Trans. Power Del. 11, 116 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

P. H. Scheltens, D. Leys, F. Barkhof, D. Huglo, H. C. Weinstein, P. Vermersch, M. Kuiper, M. Steinling, E. C. Wolters, and J. Valk, J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 55, 967 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

J. E. Lenz, Proc. IEEE 78, 973 (1990).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

J. Sarvas, Phys. Med. Biol. 32, 11 (1987).
[Crossref]

Adcock, J. E.

J. E. Adcock, R. G. Wise, J. M. Oxbury, S. M. Oxbury, and P. M. Matthews, Neuroimage 18, 423 (2009).
[Crossref]

Åkerman, J.

V. Bonanni, S. Bonetti, T. Pakizeh, Z. Pirzadeh, J. Chen, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, R. Hillenbrand, J. Åkerman, and A. Dmitriev, Nano Lett. 11, 5333 (2011).
[Crossref]

Akimov, I. A.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and M. Nur-E-Alam, Nat. Commun. 4, 2128 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, A. V. Gopal, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 370 (2011).
[Crossref]

Alem, O.

E. Boto, S. S. Meyer, V. Shah, O. Alem, S. Knappe, P. Kruger, T. M. Fromhold, M. Lim, P. M. Glover, P. G. Morris, and R. Bowtell, NeuroImage 149, 404 (2017).
[Crossref]

Allred, J. C.

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, Nature 422, 596 (2003).
[Crossref]

Babiloni, C.

C. Babiloni, V. Pizzella, C. Del Gratta, A. Ferretti, and G. L. Romani, Int. Rev. Neurobiol. 86, 67 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bahuguna, R.

R. Bahuguna, M. Mina, J. W. Tioh, and R. J. Weber, IEEE Trans. Magn. 42, 3099 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ballato, J.

Baptista, J. M.

R. M. Silva, H. Martins, I. Nascimento, J. M. Baptista, A. L. Ribeiro, J. L. Santos, P. Jorge, and O. Frazão, Appl. Sci. 2, 602 (2012).
[Crossref]

Barkhof, F.

P. H. Scheltens, D. Leys, F. Barkhof, D. Huglo, H. C. Weinstein, P. Vermersch, M. Kuiper, M. Steinling, E. C. Wolters, and J. Valk, J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 55, 967 (1992).
[Crossref]

Bayer, M.

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, A. V. Gopal, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 370 (2011).
[Crossref]

Belotelov, V. I.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and M. Nur-E-Alam, Nat. Commun. 4, 2128 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, A. V. Gopal, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 370 (2011).
[Crossref]

Blake, J.

J. Blake, P. Tantaswadi, and R. T. De Carvalho, IEEE Trans. Power Del. 11, 116 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bonanni, V.

V. Bonanni, S. Bonetti, T. Pakizeh, Z. Pirzadeh, J. Chen, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, R. Hillenbrand, J. Åkerman, and A. Dmitriev, Nano Lett. 11, 5333 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bonetti, S.

V. Bonanni, S. Bonetti, T. Pakizeh, Z. Pirzadeh, J. Chen, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, R. Hillenbrand, J. Åkerman, and A. Dmitriev, Nano Lett. 11, 5333 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bostwick, A.

I. Crassee, J. Levallois, A. L. Walter, M. Ostler, A. Bostwick, E. Rotenberg, T. Seyller, D. Van Der Marel, and A. B. Kuzmenko, Nat. Phys. 7, 48 (2011).
[Crossref]

Boto, E.

E. Boto, S. S. Meyer, V. Shah, O. Alem, S. Knappe, P. Kruger, T. M. Fromhold, M. Lim, P. M. Glover, P. G. Morris, and R. Bowtell, NeuroImage 149, 404 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bowtell, R.

E. Boto, S. S. Meyer, V. Shah, O. Alem, S. Knappe, P. Kruger, T. M. Fromhold, M. Lim, P. M. Glover, P. G. Morris, and R. Bowtell, NeuroImage 149, 404 (2017).
[Crossref]

Braginski, A. I.

J. Clarke and A. I. Braginski, The SQUID Handbook: Applications of SQUIDs and SQUID Systems (Wiley, 2006).

Brisinda, D.

I. Tavarozzi, S. Comani, C. Del Gratta, G. L. Romani, S. Di Luzio, D. Brisinda, S. Gallina, M. Zimarino, R. Fenici, and R. De Caterina, Ital. Heart J. 3, 75 (2002).

Budker, D.

B. Patton, E. Zhivun, D. C. Hovde, and D. Budker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 013001 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Budker and M. Romalis, Nat. Phys. 3, 227 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
[Crossref]

Burle, B.

B. Burle, L. Spieser, C. Roger, L. Casini, T. Hasbroucq, and F. Vidal, Int. J. Psychophysiol. 97, 210 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bykov, D. A.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and M. Nur-E-Alam, Nat. Commun. 4, 2128 (2013).
[Crossref]

Carmichael, D.

L. Lemieux, A. Salek-Haddadi, T. E. Lund, H. Laufs, and D. Carmichael, Magn. Reson. Imaging 25, 894 (2007).
[Crossref]

Casini, L.

B. Burle, L. Spieser, C. Roger, L. Casini, T. Hasbroucq, and F. Vidal, Int. J. Psychophysiol. 97, 210 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chan, C. C.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, Sens. Actuators B 191, 19 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

V. Bonanni, S. Bonetti, T. Pakizeh, Z. Pirzadeh, J. Chen, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, R. Hillenbrand, J. Åkerman, and A. Dmitriev, Nano Lett. 11, 5333 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

Z. Zhang, G. Lu, Y. Zhong, Q. Tan, Z. Yang, W. Liao, Z. Chen, J. Shi, and Y. Liu, Neurosci. Lett. 458, 97 (2009).
[Crossref]

Clarke, J.

J. Clarke and A. I. Braginski, The SQUID Handbook: Applications of SQUIDs and SQUID Systems (Wiley, 2006).

Comani, S.

I. Tavarozzi, S. Comani, C. Del Gratta, G. L. Romani, S. Di Luzio, D. Brisinda, S. Gallina, M. Zimarino, R. Fenici, and R. De Caterina, Ital. Heart J. 3, 75 (2002).

Crassee, I.

I. Crassee, J. Levallois, A. L. Walter, M. Ostler, A. Bostwick, E. Rotenberg, T. Seyller, D. Van Der Marel, and A. B. Kuzmenko, Nat. Phys. 7, 48 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dändliker, R.

De Carvalho, R. T.

J. Blake, P. Tantaswadi, and R. T. De Carvalho, IEEE Trans. Power Del. 11, 116 (1996).
[Crossref]

De Caterina, R.

I. Tavarozzi, S. Comani, C. Del Gratta, G. L. Romani, S. Di Luzio, D. Brisinda, S. Gallina, M. Zimarino, R. Fenici, and R. De Caterina, Ital. Heart J. 3, 75 (2002).

Del Gratta, C.

C. Babiloni, V. Pizzella, C. Del Gratta, A. Ferretti, and G. L. Romani, Int. Rev. Neurobiol. 86, 67 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. Tavarozzi, S. Comani, C. Del Gratta, G. L. Romani, S. Di Luzio, D. Brisinda, S. Gallina, M. Zimarino, R. Fenici, and R. De Caterina, Ital. Heart J. 3, 75 (2002).

Demir, V.

Di Luzio, S.

I. Tavarozzi, S. Comani, C. Del Gratta, G. L. Romani, S. Di Luzio, D. Brisinda, S. Gallina, M. Zimarino, R. Fenici, and R. De Caterina, Ital. Heart J. 3, 75 (2002).

Dmitriev, A.

V. Bonanni, S. Bonetti, T. Pakizeh, Z. Pirzadeh, J. Chen, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, R. Hillenbrand, J. Åkerman, and A. Dmitriev, Nano Lett. 11, 5333 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dong, X.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, Sens. Actuators B 191, 19 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fenici, R.

I. Tavarozzi, S. Comani, C. Del Gratta, G. L. Romani, S. Di Luzio, D. Brisinda, S. Gallina, M. Zimarino, R. Fenici, and R. De Caterina, Ital. Heart J. 3, 75 (2002).

Ferretti, A.

C. Babiloni, V. Pizzella, C. Del Gratta, A. Ferretti, and G. L. Romani, Int. Rev. Neurobiol. 86, 67 (2009).
[Crossref]

Frazão, O.

R. M. Silva, H. Martins, I. Nascimento, J. M. Baptista, A. L. Ribeiro, J. L. Santos, P. Jorge, and O. Frazão, Appl. Sci. 2, 602 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fromhold, T. M.

E. Boto, S. S. Meyer, V. Shah, O. Alem, S. Knappe, P. Kruger, T. M. Fromhold, M. Lim, P. M. Glover, P. G. Morris, and R. Bowtell, NeuroImage 149, 404 (2017).
[Crossref]

Frosio, G.

Gai, Y.

Gallina, S.

I. Tavarozzi, S. Comani, C. Del Gratta, G. L. Romani, S. Di Luzio, D. Brisinda, S. Gallina, M. Zimarino, R. Fenici, and R. De Caterina, Ital. Heart J. 3, 75 (2002).

Gangopadhyay, P.

A. Miles, Y. Gai, P. Gangopadhyay, X. Wang, R. A. Norwood, and J. J. Watkins, Opt. Mater. Express 7, 2126 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Watarai, P. Gangopadhyay, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Chem. Lett. 43, 1651 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Demir, P. Gangopadhyay, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Opt. 53, 2087 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Lopez-Santiago, H. R. Grant, P. Gangopadhyay, R. Voorakaranam, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Opt. Mater. Express 2, 978 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Gangopadhyay, A. Lopez-Santiago, R. Voorakaranam, R. Himmelhuber, C. Greenlee, J. Thomas, A. Persoons, R. A. Norwood, T. Verbiest, H. Yamada, and N. Peyghambarian, Nonlinear Opt. Quantum Opt. 41, 87 (2010).

A. Lopez-Santiago, P. Gangopadhyay, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, A. Persoons, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 143302 (2009).
[Crossref]

Glover, P. M.

E. Boto, S. S. Meyer, V. Shah, O. Alem, S. Knappe, P. Kruger, T. M. Fromhold, M. Lim, P. M. Glover, P. G. Morris, and R. Bowtell, NeuroImage 149, 404 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gopal, A. V.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and M. Nur-E-Alam, Nat. Commun. 4, 2128 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, A. V. Gopal, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 370 (2011).
[Crossref]

Grant, H. R.

Greenlee, C.

P. Gangopadhyay, A. Lopez-Santiago, R. Voorakaranam, R. Himmelhuber, C. Greenlee, J. Thomas, A. Persoons, R. A. Norwood, T. Verbiest, H. Yamada, and N. Peyghambarian, Nonlinear Opt. Quantum Opt. 41, 87 (2010).

Greicius, M. D.

M. D. Greicius, G. Srivastava, A. L. Reiss, and V. Menon, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 4637 (2004).
[Crossref]

Grishin, A. M.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and M. Nur-E-Alam, Nat. Commun. 4, 2128 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hasbroucq, T.

B. Burle, L. Spieser, C. Roger, L. Casini, T. Hasbroucq, and F. Vidal, Int. J. Psychophysiol. 97, 210 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hillenbrand, R.

V. Bonanni, S. Bonetti, T. Pakizeh, Z. Pirzadeh, J. Chen, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, R. Hillenbrand, J. Åkerman, and A. Dmitriev, Nano Lett. 11, 5333 (2011).
[Crossref]

Himmelhuber, R.

P. Gangopadhyay, A. Lopez-Santiago, R. Voorakaranam, R. Himmelhuber, C. Greenlee, J. Thomas, A. Persoons, R. A. Norwood, T. Verbiest, H. Yamada, and N. Peyghambarian, Nonlinear Opt. Quantum Opt. 41, 87 (2010).

Hovde, D. C.

B. Patton, E. Zhivun, D. C. Hovde, and D. Budker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 013001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huettel, S. A.

S. A. Huettel, A. W. Song, and G. McCarthy, Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Sinauer Associates, 2004), Vol. 1.

Huglo, D.

P. H. Scheltens, D. Leys, F. Barkhof, D. Huglo, H. C. Weinstein, P. Vermersch, M. Kuiper, M. Steinling, E. C. Wolters, and J. Valk, J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 55, 967 (1992).
[Crossref]

Isai, K.

K. Miyamoto, K. Isai, M. Suwa, and H. Watarai, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 6328 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jin, Y.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, Sens. Actuators B 191, 19 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jorge, P.

R. M. Silva, H. Martins, I. Nascimento, J. M. Baptista, A. L. Ribeiro, J. L. Santos, P. Jorge, and O. Frazão, Appl. Sci. 2, 602 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kalish, A. N.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and M. Nur-E-Alam, Nat. Commun. 4, 2128 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kasture, S.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and M. Nur-E-Alam, Nat. Commun. 4, 2128 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, A. V. Gopal, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 370 (2011).
[Crossref]

Khartsev, S. I.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and M. Nur-E-Alam, Nat. Commun. 4, 2128 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kimball, D. F.

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kitching, J.

V. Shah, S. Knappe, P. D. Schwindt, and J. Kitching, Nat. Photonics 1, 649 (2007).
[Crossref]

Knappe, S.

E. Boto, S. S. Meyer, V. Shah, O. Alem, S. Knappe, P. Kruger, T. M. Fromhold, M. Lim, P. M. Glover, P. G. Morris, and R. Bowtell, NeuroImage 149, 404 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Shah, S. Knappe, P. D. Schwindt, and J. Kitching, Nat. Photonics 1, 649 (2007).
[Crossref]

Koch, H.

H. Koch, J. Electrocardiol. 37, 117 (2004).
[Crossref]

Koh, G. W.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, Sens. Actuators B 191, 19 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kominis, I. K.

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, Nature 422, 596 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kornack, T. W.

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, Nature 422, 596 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kotov, V. A.

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, A. V. Gopal, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 370 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kreilkamp, L. E.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and M. Nur-E-Alam, Nat. Commun. 4, 2128 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kruger, P.

E. Boto, S. S. Meyer, V. Shah, O. Alem, S. Knappe, P. Kruger, T. M. Fromhold, M. Lim, P. M. Glover, P. G. Morris, and R. Bowtell, NeuroImage 149, 404 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kuiper, M.

P. H. Scheltens, D. Leys, F. Barkhof, D. Huglo, H. C. Weinstein, P. Vermersch, M. Kuiper, M. Steinling, E. C. Wolters, and J. Valk, J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 55, 967 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kuzmenko, A. B.

I. Crassee, J. Levallois, A. L. Walter, M. Ostler, A. Bostwick, E. Rotenberg, T. Seyller, D. Van Der Marel, and A. B. Kuzmenko, Nat. Phys. 7, 48 (2011).
[Crossref]

Laufs, H.

L. Lemieux, A. Salek-Haddadi, T. E. Lund, H. Laufs, and D. Carmichael, Magn. Reson. Imaging 25, 894 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lemieux, L.

L. Lemieux, A. Salek-Haddadi, T. E. Lund, H. Laufs, and D. Carmichael, Magn. Reson. Imaging 25, 894 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lenz, J. E.

J. E. Lenz, Proc. IEEE 78, 973 (1990).
[Crossref]

Levallois, J.

I. Crassee, J. Levallois, A. L. Walter, M. Ostler, A. Bostwick, E. Rotenberg, T. Seyller, D. Van Der Marel, and A. B. Kuzmenko, Nat. Phys. 7, 48 (2011).
[Crossref]

Levy, D.

E. M. Moreno, M. Zayat, M. P. Morales, C. J. Serna, A. Roig, and D. Levy, Langmuir 18, 4972 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lew, W. S.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, Sens. Actuators B 191, 19 (2014).
[Crossref]

Leys, D.

P. H. Scheltens, D. Leys, F. Barkhof, D. Huglo, H. C. Weinstein, P. Vermersch, M. Kuiper, M. Steinling, E. C. Wolters, and J. Valk, J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 55, 967 (1992).
[Crossref]

Liao, W.

Z. Zhang, G. Lu, Y. Zhong, Q. Tan, Z. Yang, W. Liao, Z. Chen, J. Shi, and Y. Liu, Neurosci. Lett. 458, 97 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liew, H. F.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, Sens. Actuators B 191, 19 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lim, M.

E. Boto, S. S. Meyer, V. Shah, O. Alem, S. Knappe, P. Kruger, T. M. Fromhold, M. Lim, P. M. Glover, P. G. Morris, and R. Bowtell, NeuroImage 149, 404 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Z. Zhang, G. Lu, Y. Zhong, Q. Tan, Z. Yang, W. Liao, Z. Chen, J. Shi, and Y. Liu, Neurosci. Lett. 458, 97 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lopez-Santiago, A.

A. Lopez-Santiago, H. R. Grant, P. Gangopadhyay, R. Voorakaranam, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Opt. Mater. Express 2, 978 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Gangopadhyay, A. Lopez-Santiago, R. Voorakaranam, R. Himmelhuber, C. Greenlee, J. Thomas, A. Persoons, R. A. Norwood, T. Verbiest, H. Yamada, and N. Peyghambarian, Nonlinear Opt. Quantum Opt. 41, 87 (2010).

A. Lopez-Santiago, P. Gangopadhyay, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, A. Persoons, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 143302 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lu, G.

Z. Zhang, G. Lu, Y. Zhong, Q. Tan, Z. Yang, W. Liao, Z. Chen, J. Shi, and Y. Liu, Neurosci. Lett. 458, 97 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lund, T. E.

L. Lemieux, A. Salek-Haddadi, T. E. Lund, H. Laufs, and D. Carmichael, Magn. Reson. Imaging 25, 894 (2007).
[Crossref]

Martins, H.

R. M. Silva, H. Martins, I. Nascimento, J. M. Baptista, A. L. Ribeiro, J. L. Santos, P. Jorge, and O. Frazão, Appl. Sci. 2, 602 (2012).
[Crossref]

Matthews, P. M.

J. E. Adcock, R. G. Wise, J. M. Oxbury, S. M. Oxbury, and P. M. Matthews, Neuroimage 18, 423 (2009).
[Crossref]

McCarthy, G.

S. A. Huettel, A. W. Song, and G. McCarthy, Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Sinauer Associates, 2004), Vol. 1.

Menon, V.

M. D. Greicius, G. Srivastava, A. L. Reiss, and V. Menon, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 4637 (2004).
[Crossref]

Meyer, S. S.

E. Boto, S. S. Meyer, V. Shah, O. Alem, S. Knappe, P. Kruger, T. M. Fromhold, M. Lim, P. M. Glover, P. G. Morris, and R. Bowtell, NeuroImage 149, 404 (2017).
[Crossref]

Miles, A.

Mina, M.

R. Bahuguna, M. Mina, J. W. Tioh, and R. J. Weber, IEEE Trans. Magn. 42, 3099 (2006).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, K.

K. Miyamoto, K. Isai, M. Suwa, and H. Watarai, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 6328 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mizumoto, T.

B. J. Stadler and T. Mizumoto, IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

Morales, M. P.

E. M. Moreno, M. Zayat, M. P. Morales, C. J. Serna, A. Roig, and D. Levy, Langmuir 18, 4972 (2002).
[Crossref]

Moreno, E. M.

E. M. Moreno, M. Zayat, M. P. Morales, C. J. Serna, A. Roig, and D. Levy, Langmuir 18, 4972 (2002).
[Crossref]

Morris, P. G.

E. Boto, S. S. Meyer, V. Shah, O. Alem, S. Knappe, P. Kruger, T. M. Fromhold, M. Lim, P. M. Glover, P. G. Morris, and R. Bowtell, NeuroImage 149, 404 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nascimento, I.

R. M. Silva, H. Martins, I. Nascimento, J. M. Baptista, A. L. Ribeiro, J. L. Santos, P. Jorge, and O. Frazão, Appl. Sci. 2, 602 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nogués, J.

V. Bonanni, S. Bonetti, T. Pakizeh, Z. Pirzadeh, J. Chen, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, R. Hillenbrand, J. Åkerman, and A. Dmitriev, Nano Lett. 11, 5333 (2011).
[Crossref]

Norwood, R. A.

A. Miles, Y. Gai, P. Gangopadhyay, X. Wang, R. A. Norwood, and J. J. Watkins, Opt. Mater. Express 7, 2126 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Watarai, P. Gangopadhyay, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Chem. Lett. 43, 1651 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Demir, P. Gangopadhyay, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Opt. 53, 2087 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Lopez-Santiago, H. R. Grant, P. Gangopadhyay, R. Voorakaranam, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Opt. Mater. Express 2, 978 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Gangopadhyay, A. Lopez-Santiago, R. Voorakaranam, R. Himmelhuber, C. Greenlee, J. Thomas, A. Persoons, R. A. Norwood, T. Verbiest, H. Yamada, and N. Peyghambarian, Nonlinear Opt. Quantum Opt. 41, 87 (2010).

A. Lopez-Santiago, P. Gangopadhyay, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, A. Persoons, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 143302 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nur-E-Alam, M.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and M. Nur-E-Alam, Nat. Commun. 4, 2128 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ostler, M.

I. Crassee, J. Levallois, A. L. Walter, M. Ostler, A. Bostwick, E. Rotenberg, T. Seyller, D. Van Der Marel, and A. B. Kuzmenko, Nat. Phys. 7, 48 (2011).
[Crossref]

Oxbury, J. M.

J. E. Adcock, R. G. Wise, J. M. Oxbury, S. M. Oxbury, and P. M. Matthews, Neuroimage 18, 423 (2009).
[Crossref]

Oxbury, S. M.

J. E. Adcock, R. G. Wise, J. M. Oxbury, S. M. Oxbury, and P. M. Matthews, Neuroimage 18, 423 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pakizeh, T.

V. Bonanni, S. Bonetti, T. Pakizeh, Z. Pirzadeh, J. Chen, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, R. Hillenbrand, J. Åkerman, and A. Dmitriev, Nano Lett. 11, 5333 (2011).
[Crossref]

Patton, B.

B. Patton, E. Zhivun, D. C. Hovde, and D. Budker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 013001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Persoons, A.

P. Gangopadhyay, A. Lopez-Santiago, R. Voorakaranam, R. Himmelhuber, C. Greenlee, J. Thomas, A. Persoons, R. A. Norwood, T. Verbiest, H. Yamada, and N. Peyghambarian, Nonlinear Opt. Quantum Opt. 41, 87 (2010).

A. Lopez-Santiago, P. Gangopadhyay, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, A. Persoons, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 143302 (2009).
[Crossref]

Peyghambarian, N.

V. Demir, P. Gangopadhyay, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Opt. 53, 2087 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Watarai, P. Gangopadhyay, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Chem. Lett. 43, 1651 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Lopez-Santiago, H. R. Grant, P. Gangopadhyay, R. Voorakaranam, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Opt. Mater. Express 2, 978 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Gangopadhyay, A. Lopez-Santiago, R. Voorakaranam, R. Himmelhuber, C. Greenlee, J. Thomas, A. Persoons, R. A. Norwood, T. Verbiest, H. Yamada, and N. Peyghambarian, Nonlinear Opt. Quantum Opt. 41, 87 (2010).

A. Lopez-Santiago, P. Gangopadhyay, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, A. Persoons, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 143302 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pirzadeh, Z.

V. Bonanni, S. Bonetti, T. Pakizeh, Z. Pirzadeh, J. Chen, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, R. Hillenbrand, J. Åkerman, and A. Dmitriev, Nano Lett. 11, 5333 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pizzella, V.

C. Babiloni, V. Pizzella, C. Del Gratta, A. Ferretti, and G. L. Romani, Int. Rev. Neurobiol. 86, 67 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pohl, M.

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, A. V. Gopal, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 370 (2011).
[Crossref]

Reiss, A. L.

M. D. Greicius, G. Srivastava, A. L. Reiss, and V. Menon, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 4637 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ribeiro, A. L.

R. M. Silva, H. Martins, I. Nascimento, J. M. Baptista, A. L. Ribeiro, J. L. Santos, P. Jorge, and O. Frazão, Appl. Sci. 2, 602 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rochester, S. M.

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
[Crossref]

Roger, C.

B. Burle, L. Spieser, C. Roger, L. Casini, T. Hasbroucq, and F. Vidal, Int. J. Psychophysiol. 97, 210 (2015).
[Crossref]

Roig, A.

E. M. Moreno, M. Zayat, M. P. Morales, C. J. Serna, A. Roig, and D. Levy, Langmuir 18, 4972 (2002).
[Crossref]

Romalis, M.

D. Budker and M. Romalis, Nat. Phys. 3, 227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Romalis, M. V.

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, Nature 422, 596 (2003).
[Crossref]

Romani, G. L.

C. Babiloni, V. Pizzella, C. Del Gratta, A. Ferretti, and G. L. Romani, Int. Rev. Neurobiol. 86, 67 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. Tavarozzi, S. Comani, C. Del Gratta, G. L. Romani, S. Di Luzio, D. Brisinda, S. Gallina, M. Zimarino, R. Fenici, and R. De Caterina, Ital. Heart J. 3, 75 (2002).

Rotenberg, E.

I. Crassee, J. Levallois, A. L. Walter, M. Ostler, A. Bostwick, E. Rotenberg, T. Seyller, D. Van Der Marel, and A. B. Kuzmenko, Nat. Phys. 7, 48 (2011).
[Crossref]

Salek-Haddadi, A.

L. Lemieux, A. Salek-Haddadi, T. E. Lund, H. Laufs, and D. Carmichael, Magn. Reson. Imaging 25, 894 (2007).
[Crossref]

Santos, J. L.

R. M. Silva, H. Martins, I. Nascimento, J. M. Baptista, A. L. Ribeiro, J. L. Santos, P. Jorge, and O. Frazão, Appl. Sci. 2, 602 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sarvas, J.

J. Sarvas, Phys. Med. Biol. 32, 11 (1987).
[Crossref]

Scheltens, P. H.

P. H. Scheltens, D. Leys, F. Barkhof, D. Huglo, H. C. Weinstein, P. Vermersch, M. Kuiper, M. Steinling, E. C. Wolters, and J. Valk, J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 55, 967 (1992).
[Crossref]

Schwindt, P. D.

V. Shah, S. Knappe, P. D. Schwindt, and J. Kitching, Nat. Photonics 1, 649 (2007).
[Crossref]

Serna, C. J.

E. M. Moreno, M. Zayat, M. P. Morales, C. J. Serna, A. Roig, and D. Levy, Langmuir 18, 4972 (2002).
[Crossref]

Seyller, T.

I. Crassee, J. Levallois, A. L. Walter, M. Ostler, A. Bostwick, E. Rotenberg, T. Seyller, D. Van Der Marel, and A. B. Kuzmenko, Nat. Phys. 7, 48 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shah, V.

E. Boto, S. S. Meyer, V. Shah, O. Alem, S. Knappe, P. Kruger, T. M. Fromhold, M. Lim, P. M. Glover, P. G. Morris, and R. Bowtell, NeuroImage 149, 404 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Shah, S. Knappe, P. D. Schwindt, and J. Kitching, Nat. Photonics 1, 649 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shi, J.

Z. Zhang, G. Lu, Y. Zhong, Q. Tan, Z. Yang, W. Liao, Z. Chen, J. Shi, and Y. Liu, Neurosci. Lett. 458, 97 (2009).
[Crossref]

Silva, R. M.

R. M. Silva, H. Martins, I. Nascimento, J. M. Baptista, A. L. Ribeiro, J. L. Santos, P. Jorge, and O. Frazão, Appl. Sci. 2, 602 (2012).
[Crossref]

Snitzer, E.

Song, A. W.

S. A. Huettel, A. W. Song, and G. McCarthy, Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Sinauer Associates, 2004), Vol. 1.

Spieser, L.

B. Burle, L. Spieser, C. Roger, L. Casini, T. Hasbroucq, and F. Vidal, Int. J. Psychophysiol. 97, 210 (2015).
[Crossref]

Srivastava, G.

M. D. Greicius, G. Srivastava, A. L. Reiss, and V. Menon, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 4637 (2004).
[Crossref]

Stadler, B. J.

B. J. Stadler and T. Mizumoto, IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

Steinling, M.

P. H. Scheltens, D. Leys, F. Barkhof, D. Huglo, H. C. Weinstein, P. Vermersch, M. Kuiper, M. Steinling, E. C. Wolters, and J. Valk, J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 55, 967 (1992).
[Crossref]

Suwa, M.

K. Miyamoto, K. Isai, M. Suwa, and H. Watarai, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 6328 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tan, Q.

Z. Zhang, G. Lu, Y. Zhong, Q. Tan, Z. Yang, W. Liao, Z. Chen, J. Shi, and Y. Liu, Neurosci. Lett. 458, 97 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tantaswadi, P.

J. Blake, P. Tantaswadi, and R. T. De Carvalho, IEEE Trans. Power Del. 11, 116 (1996).
[Crossref]

Tavarozzi, I.

I. Tavarozzi, S. Comani, C. Del Gratta, G. L. Romani, S. Di Luzio, D. Brisinda, S. Gallina, M. Zimarino, R. Fenici, and R. De Caterina, Ital. Heart J. 3, 75 (2002).

Thomas, J.

P. Gangopadhyay, A. Lopez-Santiago, R. Voorakaranam, R. Himmelhuber, C. Greenlee, J. Thomas, A. Persoons, R. A. Norwood, T. Verbiest, H. Yamada, and N. Peyghambarian, Nonlinear Opt. Quantum Opt. 41, 87 (2010).

A. Lopez-Santiago, P. Gangopadhyay, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, A. Persoons, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 143302 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tioh, J. W.

R. Bahuguna, M. Mina, J. W. Tioh, and R. J. Weber, IEEE Trans. Magn. 42, 3099 (2006).
[Crossref]

Valk, J.

P. H. Scheltens, D. Leys, F. Barkhof, D. Huglo, H. C. Weinstein, P. Vermersch, M. Kuiper, M. Steinling, E. C. Wolters, and J. Valk, J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 55, 967 (1992).
[Crossref]

Van Der Marel, D.

I. Crassee, J. Levallois, A. L. Walter, M. Ostler, A. Bostwick, E. Rotenberg, T. Seyller, D. Van Der Marel, and A. B. Kuzmenko, Nat. Phys. 7, 48 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vavassori, P.

V. Bonanni, S. Bonetti, T. Pakizeh, Z. Pirzadeh, J. Chen, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, R. Hillenbrand, J. Åkerman, and A. Dmitriev, Nano Lett. 11, 5333 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vengurlekar, A. S.

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, A. V. Gopal, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 370 (2011).
[Crossref]

Verbiest, T.

P. Gangopadhyay, A. Lopez-Santiago, R. Voorakaranam, R. Himmelhuber, C. Greenlee, J. Thomas, A. Persoons, R. A. Norwood, T. Verbiest, H. Yamada, and N. Peyghambarian, Nonlinear Opt. Quantum Opt. 41, 87 (2010).

Vermersch, P.

P. H. Scheltens, D. Leys, F. Barkhof, D. Huglo, H. C. Weinstein, P. Vermersch, M. Kuiper, M. Steinling, E. C. Wolters, and J. Valk, J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 55, 967 (1992).
[Crossref]

Vidal, F.

B. Burle, L. Spieser, C. Roger, L. Casini, T. Hasbroucq, and F. Vidal, Int. J. Psychophysiol. 97, 210 (2015).
[Crossref]

Voorakaranam, R.

A. Lopez-Santiago, H. R. Grant, P. Gangopadhyay, R. Voorakaranam, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Opt. Mater. Express 2, 978 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Gangopadhyay, A. Lopez-Santiago, R. Voorakaranam, R. Himmelhuber, C. Greenlee, J. Thomas, A. Persoons, R. A. Norwood, T. Verbiest, H. Yamada, and N. Peyghambarian, Nonlinear Opt. Quantum Opt. 41, 87 (2010).

Walter, A. L.

I. Crassee, J. Levallois, A. L. Walter, M. Ostler, A. Bostwick, E. Rotenberg, T. Seyller, D. Van Der Marel, and A. B. Kuzmenko, Nat. Phys. 7, 48 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Watarai, H.

H. Watarai, P. Gangopadhyay, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Chem. Lett. 43, 1651 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Miyamoto, K. Isai, M. Suwa, and H. Watarai, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 6328 (2009).
[Crossref]

Watkins, J. J.

Weber, R. J.

R. Bahuguna, M. Mina, J. W. Tioh, and R. J. Weber, IEEE Trans. Magn. 42, 3099 (2006).
[Crossref]

Weinstein, H. C.

P. H. Scheltens, D. Leys, F. Barkhof, D. Huglo, H. C. Weinstein, P. Vermersch, M. Kuiper, M. Steinling, E. C. Wolters, and J. Valk, J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 55, 967 (1992).
[Crossref]

Wise, R. G.

J. E. Adcock, R. G. Wise, J. M. Oxbury, S. M. Oxbury, and P. M. Matthews, Neuroimage 18, 423 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wolters, E. C.

P. H. Scheltens, D. Leys, F. Barkhof, D. Huglo, H. C. Weinstein, P. Vermersch, M. Kuiper, M. Steinling, E. C. Wolters, and J. Valk, J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 55, 967 (1992).
[Crossref]

Wong, W. C.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, Sens. Actuators B 191, 19 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yakovlev, D. R.

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, A. V. Gopal, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 370 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yallapragada, V. J.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and M. Nur-E-Alam, Nat. Commun. 4, 2128 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yamada, H.

P. Gangopadhyay, A. Lopez-Santiago, R. Voorakaranam, R. Himmelhuber, C. Greenlee, J. Thomas, A. Persoons, R. A. Norwood, T. Verbiest, H. Yamada, and N. Peyghambarian, Nonlinear Opt. Quantum Opt. 41, 87 (2010).

Yang, Z.

Z. Zhang, G. Lu, Y. Zhong, Q. Tan, Z. Yang, W. Liao, Z. Chen, J. Shi, and Y. Liu, Neurosci. Lett. 458, 97 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yashchuk, V. V.

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zayat, M.

E. M. Moreno, M. Zayat, M. P. Morales, C. J. Serna, A. Roig, and D. Levy, Langmuir 18, 4972 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, G. Lu, Y. Zhong, Q. Tan, Z. Yang, W. Liao, Z. Chen, J. Shi, and Y. Liu, Neurosci. Lett. 458, 97 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhivun, E.

B. Patton, E. Zhivun, D. C. Hovde, and D. Budker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 013001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhong, Y.

Z. Zhang, G. Lu, Y. Zhong, Q. Tan, Z. Yang, W. Liao, Z. Chen, J. Shi, and Y. Liu, Neurosci. Lett. 458, 97 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zimarino, M.

I. Tavarozzi, S. Comani, C. Del Gratta, G. L. Romani, S. Di Luzio, D. Brisinda, S. Gallina, M. Zimarino, R. Fenici, and R. De Caterina, Ital. Heart J. 3, 75 (2002).

Zolotorev, M.

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zu, P.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, Sens. Actuators B 191, 19 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zvezdin, A. K.

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, A. V. Gopal, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 370 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Lopez-Santiago, P. Gangopadhyay, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, A. Persoons, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 143302 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Sci. (1)

R. M. Silva, H. Martins, I. Nascimento, J. M. Baptista, A. L. Ribeiro, J. L. Santos, P. Jorge, and O. Frazão, Appl. Sci. 2, 602 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chem. Lett. (1)

H. Watarai, P. Gangopadhyay, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Chem. Lett. 43, 1651 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

B. J. Stadler and T. Mizumoto, IEEE Photon. J. 6, 1 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Magn. (1)

R. Bahuguna, M. Mina, J. W. Tioh, and R. J. Weber, IEEE Trans. Magn. 42, 3099 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Power Del. (1)

J. Blake, P. Tantaswadi, and R. T. De Carvalho, IEEE Trans. Power Del. 11, 116 (1996).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Psychophysiol. (1)

B. Burle, L. Spieser, C. Roger, L. Casini, T. Hasbroucq, and F. Vidal, Int. J. Psychophysiol. 97, 210 (2015).
[Crossref]

Int. Rev. Neurobiol. (1)

C. Babiloni, V. Pizzella, C. Del Gratta, A. Ferretti, and G. L. Romani, Int. Rev. Neurobiol. 86, 67 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ital. Heart J. (1)

I. Tavarozzi, S. Comani, C. Del Gratta, G. L. Romani, S. Di Luzio, D. Brisinda, S. Gallina, M. Zimarino, R. Fenici, and R. De Caterina, Ital. Heart J. 3, 75 (2002).

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

K. Miyamoto, K. Isai, M. Suwa, and H. Watarai, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 6328 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Electrocardiol. (1)

H. Koch, J. Electrocardiol. 37, 117 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry (1)

P. H. Scheltens, D. Leys, F. Barkhof, D. Huglo, H. C. Weinstein, P. Vermersch, M. Kuiper, M. Steinling, E. C. Wolters, and J. Valk, J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 55, 967 (1992).
[Crossref]

Langmuir (1)

E. M. Moreno, M. Zayat, M. P. Morales, C. J. Serna, A. Roig, and D. Levy, Langmuir 18, 4972 (2002).
[Crossref]

Magn. Reson. Imaging (1)

L. Lemieux, A. Salek-Haddadi, T. E. Lund, H. Laufs, and D. Carmichael, Magn. Reson. Imaging 25, 894 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

V. Bonanni, S. Bonetti, T. Pakizeh, Z. Pirzadeh, J. Chen, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, R. Hillenbrand, J. Åkerman, and A. Dmitriev, Nano Lett. 11, 5333 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and M. Nur-E-Alam, Nat. Commun. 4, 2128 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, A. V. Gopal, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 370 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

V. Shah, S. Knappe, P. D. Schwindt, and J. Kitching, Nat. Photonics 1, 649 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (2)

D. Budker and M. Romalis, Nat. Phys. 3, 227 (2007).
[Crossref]

I. Crassee, J. Levallois, A. L. Walter, M. Ostler, A. Bostwick, E. Rotenberg, T. Seyller, D. Van Der Marel, and A. B. Kuzmenko, Nat. Phys. 7, 48 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, Nature 422, 596 (2003).
[Crossref]

NeuroImage (1)

E. Boto, S. S. Meyer, V. Shah, O. Alem, S. Knappe, P. Kruger, T. M. Fromhold, M. Lim, P. M. Glover, P. G. Morris, and R. Bowtell, NeuroImage 149, 404 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. E. Adcock, R. G. Wise, J. M. Oxbury, S. M. Oxbury, and P. M. Matthews, Neuroimage 18, 423 (2009).
[Crossref]

Neurosci. Lett. (1)

Z. Zhang, G. Lu, Y. Zhong, Q. Tan, Z. Yang, W. Liao, Z. Chen, J. Shi, and Y. Liu, Neurosci. Lett. 458, 97 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nonlinear Opt. Quantum Opt. (1)

P. Gangopadhyay, A. Lopez-Santiago, R. Voorakaranam, R. Himmelhuber, C. Greenlee, J. Thomas, A. Persoons, R. A. Norwood, T. Verbiest, H. Yamada, and N. Peyghambarian, Nonlinear Opt. Quantum Opt. 41, 87 (2010).

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

J. Sarvas, Phys. Med. Biol. 32, 11 (1987).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

B. Patton, E. Zhivun, D. C. Hovde, and D. Budker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 013001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Proc. IEEE (1)

J. E. Lenz, Proc. IEEE 78, 973 (1990).
[Crossref]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

M. D. Greicius, G. Srivastava, A. L. Reiss, and V. Menon, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 4637 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sens. Actuators B (1)

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, Sens. Actuators B 191, 19 (2014).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

J. Clarke and A. I. Braginski, The SQUID Handbook: Applications of SQUIDs and SQUID Systems (Wiley, 2006).

S. A. Huettel, A. W. Song, and G. McCarthy, Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Sinauer Associates, 2004), Vol. 1.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. MO figure of merit graph for three lanthanide ions at different concentrations. The FOM is the ratio of the material’s Verdet constant V to its absorption coefficient α. Using a 1310 nm source, the Gd+3-doped magnetite generates the highest Faraday rotation at 3  wt%.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Synthesis process for the DyxCo(1x)Fe2O4 nanocomposite polymer. Uniform nanoparticles with 15  nm diameter are fabricated. The PBMA shell stabilizes the nanoparticles and prevents particle aggregation in the composite. Synthesis of PBMA shells is performed using 10 mg of nanoparticles, 0.2 mL of benzylmethacrylate (BMA), and 10 mL of chloroform.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. In-line Sagnac interferometer sensor design. (a) Schematic diagram of the sensor. The 45° splice splits the polarized 1310 nm laser light into x and y polarizations and combines the back-reflected orthogonal polarizations from the sensor. This combination creates an interference pattern related to the Faraday rotation inside the MO film. The interference pattern caused by the phase shift induced by a magnetic field between the two polarizations is detected using a balanced detector. (b) The diagram of the magnetometer elements and their Jones matrices in forward and backward directions. The QWP changes the linear polarization into RHCP and LHCP and vice versa. (c) Cross section of the sensor prototype. The MO film (II) is sandwiched between QWP (I) and silver coating (III). A GRIN lens is used as the collimator; red represents the laser light. (d) The fabricated sensor. The sensor housing size can be reduced to almost the diameter of the fiber.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Measured magnetic field sensitivity of Dy3+-doped magnetite-based MO sensor. (a) The frequency response shows 20  femtoTesla/Hz noise equivalent sensitivity for the in-line Sagnac interferometer. The FFT response of the sensor that shows 70  dB SNR at a 100 pT field. (b) Measured magnetic field of the human heart. The signal is collected on the first pass with 25 Hz and the second pass with 845 Hz sampling frequency using a single MO sensing element.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Measured Verdet Constant and Transmission of Gd3+- and Dy3+-Doped Magnetite and Cobalt Ferrite in Comparison with TGG at 1310 nm

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Ei=E2[11],
Eo=E2sin(2θF)[11].
Io=I2(1cos4θF).
BSN=1Se2RP,
S=G1×G2×V×L.