Abstract

We report a 30 cm long Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped silica glass fiber amplifier with well-maintained broadband gain through simultaneous dual-laser pumping at 808 and 975 nm. By controlling the ratio of the pump power at 975 (P975) and 808 nm (P808), the emission band of Yb3+/Nd3+ and the energy transfer efficiency of Nd3+Yb3+ can be well controlled; thus, a tunable broadband and flat gain in the range of 1036–1080 nm are obtained. The theoretical calculation of the energy transfer efficiency of Nd3+Yb3+ with dual-laser pumping of 808 and 975 nm explains well the mechanism of broadband and flat gain formation in the Nd3+/Yb3+ co-doped fiber.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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References

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[Crossref]

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2009 (1)

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[Crossref]

2005 (1)

S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, K. Moerl, S. Unger, U. Roepke, and H. Mueller, Proc. SPIE 5709, 59 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. G. Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and D. Jaque, Phys. Rev. B 68, 35118 (2003).
[Crossref]

Alfieri, C. G. E.

An, N.

Arcangeli, A.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 83113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Babu, P.

F. Rivera-Lopez, P. Babu, C. Basavapoornima, C. K. Jayasankar, and V. Lavin, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 123514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Basavapoornima, C.

F. Rivera-Lopez, P. Babu, C. Basavapoornima, C. K. Jayasankar, and V. Lavin, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 123514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bauer, D.

Bausá, L. E.

M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. G. Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and D. Jaque, Phys. Rev. B 68, 35118 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bettinelli, M.

M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. G. Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and D. Jaque, Phys. Rev. B 68, 35118 (2003).
[Crossref]

Blakeney, J.

Bodnar, N.

Bonelli, L.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 83113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Borger, T.

Caird, J.

Calendron, A.

Cavalli, E.

M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. G. Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and D. Jaque, Phys. Rev. B 68, 35118 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chang, C.

Chen, D.

Z. Lin, C. Yu, D. He, L. Zhang, S. Feng, D. Chen, and L. Hu, Appl. Opt. 56, 6230 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Lin, C. Yu, D. He, S. Feng, D. Chen, and L. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2673 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

D. He, S. Kang, L. Zhang, L. Chen, Y. Ding, Q. Yin, and L. Hu, High Power Laser Sci. Eng. 5, e1 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cormier, E.

Cross, R.

Deppe, B.

Diebold, A.

Ding, Y.

D. He, S. Kang, L. Zhang, L. Chen, Y. Ding, Q. Yin, and L. Hu, High Power Laser Sci. Eng. 5, e1 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ditmire, T.

Dong, C.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 83113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Douglas, S.

Dyer, G.

Ebbers, C.

Emaury, F.

Erlandson, A.

Escamilla, R.

Feng, S.

Z. Lin, C. Yu, D. He, L. Zhang, S. Feng, D. Chen, and L. Hu, Appl. Opt. 56, 6230 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Lin, C. Yu, D. He, S. Feng, D. Chen, and L. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2673 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gaul, E. W.

Ge, T.

George, S. A.

S. A. George and J. S. Hayden, Proc. SPIE 8956, 89591R (2014).
[Crossref]

S. A. George, S. Pucilowski, J. S. Hayden, and E. H. Urruti, Lasers Congress 2016 (ASSL, LSC, LAC) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu2A.18.

Gheorghe, C.

Golling, M.

Graumann, I. J.

Hammond, D.

Hayden, J. S.

S. A. George and J. S. Hayden, Proc. SPIE 8956, 89591R (2014).
[Crossref]

S. A. George, S. Pucilowski, J. S. Hayden, and E. H. Urruti, Lasers Congress 2016 (ASSL, LSC, LAC) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu2A.18.

He, D.

D. He, S. Kang, L. Zhang, L. Chen, Y. Ding, Q. Yin, and L. Hu, High Power Laser Sci. Eng. 5, e1 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Lin, C. Yu, D. He, L. Zhang, S. Feng, D. Chen, and L. Hu, Appl. Opt. 56, 6230 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Lin, C. Yu, D. He, S. Feng, D. Chen, and L. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2673 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hemmer, M.

Henderson, W.

Hong, K.

Hu, L.

Z. Lin, C. Yu, D. He, L. Zhang, S. Feng, D. Chen, and L. Hu, Appl. Opt. 56, 6230 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. He, S. Kang, L. Zhang, L. Chen, Y. Ding, Q. Yin, and L. Hu, High Power Laser Sci. Eng. 5, e1 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Lin, C. Yu, D. He, S. Feng, D. Chen, and L. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2673 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ikesue, A.

Jaque, D.

M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. G. Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and D. Jaque, Phys. Rev. B 68, 35118 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jayasankar, C. K.

F. Rivera-Lopez, P. Babu, C. Basavapoornima, C. K. Jayasankar, and V. Lavin, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 123514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jetschke, S.

S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, K. Moerl, S. Unger, U. Roepke, and H. Mueller, Proc. SPIE 5709, 59 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 83113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 83113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jochmann, A.

Kang, S.

D. He, S. Kang, L. Zhang, L. Chen, Y. Ding, Q. Yin, and L. Hu, High Power Laser Sci. Eng. 5, e1 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keathley, P. D.

Keller, U.

Kränkel, C.

Krogen, P.

Lai, C.

Laurent, G.

Lavin, V.

F. Rivera-Lopez, P. Babu, C. Basavapoornima, C. K. Jayasankar, and V. Lavin, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 123514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Leng, Y.

J. Lu, X. Zou, C. Li, W. Li, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, and Y. Leng, Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 41401 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

J. Lu, X. Zou, C. Li, W. Li, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, and Y. Leng, Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 41401 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, S.

Li, W.

J. Lu, X. Zou, C. Li, W. Li, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, and Y. Leng, Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 41401 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liang, H.

Lin, Z.

Z. Lin, C. Yu, D. He, L. Zhang, S. Feng, D. Chen, and L. Hu, Appl. Opt. 56, 6230 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Lin, C. Yu, D. He, S. Feng, D. Chen, and L. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2673 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

J. Lu, X. Zou, C. Li, W. Li, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, and Y. Leng, Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 41401 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

J. Lu, X. Zou, C. Li, W. Li, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, and Y. Leng, Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 41401 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lu, J.

J. Lu, X. Zou, C. Li, W. Li, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, and Y. Leng, Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 41401 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lupei, A.

Lupei, V.

Martinez, M.

Moerl, K.

S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, K. Moerl, S. Unger, U. Roepke, and H. Mueller, Proc. SPIE 5709, 59 (2005).
[Crossref]

Moses, J.

Mueller, H.

S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, K. Moerl, S. Unger, U. Roepke, and H. Mueller, Proc. SPIE 5709, 59 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phillips, C. R.

Pucilowski, S.

S. A. George, S. Pucilowski, J. S. Hayden, and E. H. Urruti, Lasers Congress 2016 (ASSL, LSC, LAC) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu2A.18.

Ramirez, M. O.

M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. G. Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and D. Jaque, Phys. Rev. B 68, 35118 (2003).
[Crossref]

Reichel, V.

S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, K. Moerl, S. Unger, U. Roepke, and H. Mueller, Proc. SPIE 5709, 59 (2005).
[Crossref]

Richardson, M.

Ringuette, M.

Rivera-Lopez, F.

F. Rivera-Lopez, P. Babu, C. Basavapoornima, C. K. Jayasankar, and V. Lavin, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 123514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Roepke, U.

S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, K. Moerl, S. Unger, U. Roepke, and H. Mueller, Proc. SPIE 5709, 59 (2005).
[Crossref]

Saraceno, C. J.

Shah, L.

Solé, J. G.

M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. G. Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and D. Jaque, Phys. Rev. B 68, 35118 (2003).
[Crossref]

Speghini, A.

M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. G. Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and D. Jaque, Phys. Rev. B 68, 35118 (2003).
[Crossref]

Stein, G. J.

Sun, C.

Sutter, D.

Tao, X.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 83113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tonelli, M.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 83113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Unger, S.

S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, K. Moerl, S. Unger, U. Roepke, and H. Mueller, Proc. SPIE 5709, 59 (2005).
[Crossref]

Urruti, E. H.

S. A. George, S. Pucilowski, J. S. Hayden, and E. H. Urruti, Lasers Congress 2016 (ASSL, LSC, LAC) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu2A.18.

Vaupel, A.

Wang, Z.

Webb, B.

Yin, Q.

D. He, S. Kang, L. Zhang, L. Chen, Y. Ding, Q. Yin, and L. Hu, High Power Laser Sci. Eng. 5, e1 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, C.

Z. Lin, C. Yu, D. He, L. Zhang, S. Feng, D. Chen, and L. Hu, Appl. Opt. 56, 6230 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Lin, C. Yu, D. He, S. Feng, D. Chen, and L. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2673 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zapata, L. E.

Zhang, J.

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 83113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

D. He, S. Kang, L. Zhang, L. Chen, Y. Ding, Q. Yin, and L. Hu, High Power Laser Sci. Eng. 5, e1 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Lin, C. Yu, D. He, L. Zhang, S. Feng, D. Chen, and L. Hu, Appl. Opt. 56, 6230 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zou, X.

J. Lu, X. Zou, C. Li, W. Li, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, and Y. Leng, Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 41401 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

J. Lu, X. Zou, C. Li, W. Li, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, and Y. Leng, Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 41401 (2017).
[Crossref]

High Power Laser Sci. Eng. (1)

D. He, S. Kang, L. Zhang, L. Chen, Y. Ding, Q. Yin, and L. Hu, High Power Laser Sci. Eng. 5, e1 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. Lin, C. Yu, D. He, S. Feng, D. Chen, and L. Hu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 2673 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

F. Rivera-Lopez, P. Babu, C. Basavapoornima, C. K. Jayasankar, and V. Lavin, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 123514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Jia, A. Arcangeli, X. Tao, J. Zhang, C. Dong, M. Jiang, L. Bonelli, and M. Tonelli, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 83113 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, J. G. Solé, E. Cavalli, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and D. Jaque, Phys. Rev. B 68, 35118 (2003).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

S. A. George and J. S. Hayden, Proc. SPIE 8956, 89591R (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, K. Moerl, S. Unger, U. Roepke, and H. Mueller, Proc. SPIE 5709, 59 (2005).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

S. A. George, S. Pucilowski, J. S. Hayden, and E. H. Urruti, Lasers Congress 2016 (ASSL, LSC, LAC) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu2A.18.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Simplified amplifier setup for fiber gain testing under dual-laser pumping of 808 and 975 nm. LD, laser diode; FBG, fiber Bragg grating; MFA, mode field adapter; WDM, wavelength division multiplexing.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. ASE spectrum of the NYF under (a) single-laser pumping at 808 nm and (b) dual-laser pumping at 808 and 975 nm.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Amplified signal power at (a) 1036 and (b) 1061 nm under dual-laser pumping at 808 and 975 nm.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Dependence of the gain profile in the NYF on the signal wavelength upon dual-laser pumping at 808 and 975 nm.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Dependence of Nd3+Yb3+ energy transfer efficiency in the NYF versus P808 with different values of (a) P975 and (b) the seed laser power. The inset in (a) shows the ratio of Yb3+ ions in the ground state as a function of P808. NYb is the total population density of Yb3+.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ηNdYb=WETNYb11/τNd+WNd+WETNYb1×100%,
W808NNd1NNd2τNdWNdNNd2WETNYb1NNd2=0,
WETNYb1NNd2+W975NYb1NYb2τYbWYbNYb2=0,
W808=Γpσab/808P808hνpAc,WNd=ΓsσemPshνsAc.
W975=Γpσab/975P975hνpAc,WYb=ΓshAc(σem/975P975νs/975+σemPsνs).
WETNYbη01η01τNd,
η0=1τNd/Yb/τNd.