Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel experimental scheme to generate high on-axis peak intensity, segmented, smooth, zero-order quasi-Bessel beams with tunable ranges. Illuminating the axicon with hollow Gaussian beams (HGBs) of different orders, we have generated Bessel beams of varying ranges at different positions away from the axicon. The presence of a dark core at the center of the HGBs removes the effect of imperfection in the axicon tip. As a result, the entire power of the input beam is transformed into a zero-order Bessel beam without any on-axis intensity modulation. We observe the decrease in range and increase in on-axis peak intensity of the zero-order Bessel beam with the order of HGBs. Controlling the superposition of the HGBs of different orders to the axicon, we have demonstrated the increase in the range of the Bessel beam. The current technique can also produce Bessel beams of different intensity distributions, including single-peak or multiple-peak Bessel beams. Using single-pass second-harmonic generation in nonlinear crystals of different lengths, we have further verified the increase of on-axis peak intensity of the Bessel beam with the order of the HGBs and the increase in the range of the Bessel beam due to the superposed HGBs.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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