Abstract

A dual-frequency direct detection Doppler lidar is demonstrated using a superconducting nanowire single-photon detector (SNSPD) at 1.5 μm. The so-called double-edge technique is implemented by using a dual-frequency laser pulse, rather than using a double-channel Fabry–Perot interferometer. Such a modification to the reported lidars enhances the frequency stability in the system level. Using the time-division multiplexing method, only one piece of SNSPD is used in the optical receiver, making the system simplified and robust. The SNSPD is adopted to enhance the temporal resolution since it offers merits of high quantum efficiency, low dark count noise, no after-pulsing probability, and a high maximum count rate. Two telescopes that point westward and northward at a zenith angle of 30° are used to detect the line-of-sight wind components, which are used to synthesize the horizontal wind profile. Horizontal wind profiles up to an altitude of about 2.7 km are calculated with vertical spatial/temporal resolution of 10 m/10 s. Wind dynamic evolution and vertical wind shears are observed clearly.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Mid-altitude wind measurements with mobile Rayleigh Doppler lidar incorporating system-level optical frequency control method

Haiyun Xia, Xiankang Dou, Dongsong Sun, Zhifeng Shu, Xianghui Xue, Yan Han, Dongdong Hu, Yuli Han, and Tingdi Cheng
Opt. Express 20(14) 15286-15300 (2012)

Fabry-Perot interferometer based Mie Doppler lidar for low tropospheric wind observation

Haiyun Xia, Dongsong Sun, Yuanhong Yang, Fahua Shen, Jingjing Dong, and Takao Kobayashi
Appl. Opt. 46(29) 7120-7131 (2007)

Edge technique Doppler lidar wind measurements with high vertical resolution

C. Laurence Korb, Bruce M. Gentry, and S. Xingfu Li
Appl. Opt. 36(24) 5976-5983 (1997)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).
  2. H. Xia, D. Sun, Y. Yang, F. Shen, J. Dong, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Opt. 46, 7120 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. H. Xia, X. Dou, D. Sun, Z. Shu, X. Xue, Y. Han, and T. Cheng, Opt. Express 20, 15286 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. M. Shun and P. W. Chan, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 25, 637 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. C. Tucker, W. A. Brewer, R. M. Banta, C. J. Senff, S. P. Sandberg, D. C. Law, A. M. Weickmann, and R. M. Hardesty, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 673 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  6. F. Köpp, S. Rahm, and I. Smalikho, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 194 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  8. I. N. Smalikho, F. Köpp, and S. Rahm, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 22, 1733 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  9. V. A. Banakh, I. N. Smalikho, and S. Rahm, Opt. Lett. 39, 4321 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  10. G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, Opt. Eng. 46, 016002 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  11. B. Witschas, S. Rahm, A. Dörnbrack, J. Wagner, and M. Rapp, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 34, 1371 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  12. I. N. Smalikho and V. A. Banakh, Opt. Lett. 40, 3408 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  13. B. J. Rye and R. M. Hardesty, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31, 16 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  14. H. Xia, X. Dou, M. Shangguan, R. Zhao, D. Sun, C. Wang, J. Qiu, Z. Shu, X. Xue, Y. Han, and Y. Han, Opt. Express 22, 21775 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  15. O. Reitebuch, C. Lemmerz, E. Nagel, U. Paffrath, Y. Durand, M. Endemann, F. Fabre, and M. Chaloupy, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2501 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  16. H. Xia, M. Shangguan, C. Wang, G. Shentu, J. Qiu, J. Zhang, Q. Zhang, X. Dou, and J. Pan, Opt. Lett. 41, 5218 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. T. Dobler, B. M. Gentry, and J. A. Reagan, Proc. SPIE 4484, 82 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  18. U. von Zahn, G. von Cossart, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, G. Nelke, G. Baumgarten, D. Rees, A. Hauchecorne, and K. Adolfsen, Ann. Geophys. 18, 815 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  19. C. Yu, M. Shangguan, H. Xia, J. Zhang, X. Dou, and J. Pan, Opt. Express 25, 14611 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  20. C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, and R. H. Hadfield, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 25, 063001 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  21. C. L. Korb, B. M. Gentry, S. X. Li, and C. Flesia, Appl. Opt. 37, 3097 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  22. M. Shangguan, H. Xia, C. Wang, J. Qiu, G. Shentu, Q. Zhang, X. Dou, and J. Pan, Opt. Express 24, 19322 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  23. M. Shangguan, H. Xia, X. Dou, C. Wang, J. Qiu, Y. Zhang, Z. Shu, and X. Xue, Chin. Phys. B 24, 094212 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2017 (2)

B. Witschas, S. Rahm, A. Dörnbrack, J. Wagner, and M. Rapp, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 34, 1371 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Yu, M. Shangguan, H. Xia, J. Zhang, X. Dou, and J. Pan, Opt. Express 25, 14611 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

2015 (2)

I. N. Smalikho and V. A. Banakh, Opt. Lett. 40, 3408 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Shangguan, H. Xia, X. Dou, C. Wang, J. Qiu, Y. Zhang, Z. Shu, and X. Xue, Chin. Phys. B 24, 094212 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

2012 (2)

H. Xia, X. Dou, D. Sun, Z. Shu, X. Xue, Y. Han, and T. Cheng, Opt. Express 20, 15286 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, and R. H. Hadfield, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 25, 063001 (2012).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

S. C. Tucker, W. A. Brewer, R. M. Banta, C. J. Senff, S. P. Sandberg, D. C. Law, A. M. Weickmann, and R. M. Hardesty, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 673 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

O. Reitebuch, C. Lemmerz, E. Nagel, U. Paffrath, Y. Durand, M. Endemann, F. Fabre, and M. Chaloupy, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2501 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

C. M. Shun and P. W. Chan, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 25, 637 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

H. Xia, D. Sun, Y. Yang, F. Shen, J. Dong, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Opt. 46, 7120 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, Opt. Eng. 46, 016002 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

I. N. Smalikho, F. Köpp, and S. Rahm, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 22, 1733 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

F. Köpp, S. Rahm, and I. Smalikho, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 194 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

J. T. Dobler, B. M. Gentry, and J. A. Reagan, Proc. SPIE 4484, 82 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

U. von Zahn, G. von Cossart, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, G. Nelke, G. Baumgarten, D. Rees, A. Hauchecorne, and K. Adolfsen, Ann. Geophys. 18, 815 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1993 (1)

B. J. Rye and R. M. Hardesty, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31, 16 (1993).
[Crossref]

Adolfsen, K.

U. von Zahn, G. von Cossart, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, G. Nelke, G. Baumgarten, D. Rees, A. Hauchecorne, and K. Adolfsen, Ann. Geophys. 18, 815 (2000).
[Crossref]

Amzajerdian, F.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, Opt. Eng. 46, 016002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Augere, B.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Augère, B.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).

Banakh, V. A.

Banta, R. M.

S. C. Tucker, W. A. Brewer, R. M. Banta, C. J. Senff, S. P. Sandberg, D. C. Law, A. M. Weickmann, and R. M. Hardesty, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 673 (2009).
[Crossref]

Barnes, B. W.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, Opt. Eng. 46, 016002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Baumgarten, G.

U. von Zahn, G. von Cossart, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, G. Nelke, G. Baumgarten, D. Rees, A. Hauchecorne, and K. Adolfsen, Ann. Geophys. 18, 815 (2000).
[Crossref]

Besson, C.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Beyon, J. Y.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, Opt. Eng. 46, 016002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Brewer, W. A.

S. C. Tucker, W. A. Brewer, R. M. Banta, C. J. Senff, S. P. Sandberg, D. C. Law, A. M. Weickmann, and R. M. Hardesty, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 673 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bricteux, L.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brousmiche, S.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Canat, G.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cariou, J.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cézard, N.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).

Chaloupy, M.

O. Reitebuch, C. Lemmerz, E. Nagel, U. Paffrath, Y. Durand, M. Endemann, F. Fabre, and M. Chaloupy, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chan, P. W.

C. M. Shun and P. W. Chan, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 25, 637 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cheng, T.

Dobler, J. T.

J. T. Dobler, B. M. Gentry, and J. A. Reagan, Proc. SPIE 4484, 82 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dolfi-Bouteyre, A.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dong, J.

Dörnbrack, A.

B. Witschas, S. Rahm, A. Dörnbrack, J. Wagner, and M. Rapp, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 34, 1371 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dou, X.

Durand, Y.

O. Reitebuch, C. Lemmerz, E. Nagel, U. Paffrath, Y. Durand, M. Endemann, F. Fabre, and M. Chaloupy, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Durecu, A.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Endemann, M.

O. Reitebuch, C. Lemmerz, E. Nagel, U. Paffrath, Y. Durand, M. Endemann, F. Fabre, and M. Chaloupy, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fabre, F.

O. Reitebuch, C. Lemmerz, E. Nagel, U. Paffrath, Y. Durand, M. Endemann, F. Fabre, and M. Chaloupy, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fiedler, J.

U. von Zahn, G. von Cossart, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, G. Nelke, G. Baumgarten, D. Rees, A. Hauchecorne, and K. Adolfsen, Ann. Geophys. 18, 815 (2000).
[Crossref]

Flesia, C.

Fleury, D.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fricke, K. H.

U. von Zahn, G. von Cossart, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, G. Nelke, G. Baumgarten, D. Rees, A. Hauchecorne, and K. Adolfsen, Ann. Geophys. 18, 815 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gentry, B. M.

J. T. Dobler, B. M. Gentry, and J. A. Reagan, Proc. SPIE 4484, 82 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. L. Korb, B. M. Gentry, S. X. Li, and C. Flesia, Appl. Opt. 37, 3097 (1998).
[Crossref]

Goular, D.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hadfield, R. H.

C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, and R. H. Hadfield, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 25, 063001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hallermeyer, A.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).

Han, Y.

Hardesty, R. M.

S. C. Tucker, W. A. Brewer, R. M. Banta, C. J. Senff, S. P. Sandberg, D. C. Law, A. M. Weickmann, and R. M. Hardesty, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 673 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. J. Rye and R. M. Hardesty, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31, 16 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hauchecorne, A.

U. von Zahn, G. von Cossart, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, G. Nelke, G. Baumgarten, D. Rees, A. Hauchecorne, and K. Adolfsen, Ann. Geophys. 18, 815 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kavaya, M. J.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, Opt. Eng. 46, 016002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, T.

Koch, G. J.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, Opt. Eng. 46, 016002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Köpp, F.

I. N. Smalikho, F. Köpp, and S. Rahm, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 22, 1733 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Köpp, S. Rahm, and I. Smalikho, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 194 (2004).
[Crossref]

Korb, C. L.

Law, D. C.

S. C. Tucker, W. A. Brewer, R. M. Banta, C. J. Senff, S. P. Sandberg, D. C. Law, A. M. Weickmann, and R. M. Hardesty, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 673 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lemmerz, C.

O. Reitebuch, C. Lemmerz, E. Nagel, U. Paffrath, Y. Durand, M. Endemann, F. Fabre, and M. Chaloupy, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, S. X.

Lombarb, L.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).

Lombard, L.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lugan, S.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Macq, B.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nagel, E.

O. Reitebuch, C. Lemmerz, E. Nagel, U. Paffrath, Y. Durand, M. Endemann, F. Fabre, and M. Chaloupy, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Natarajan, C. M.

C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, and R. H. Hadfield, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 25, 063001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nelke, G.

U. von Zahn, G. von Cossart, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, G. Nelke, G. Baumgarten, D. Rees, A. Hauchecorne, and K. Adolfsen, Ann. Geophys. 18, 815 (2000).
[Crossref]

Paffrath, U.

O. Reitebuch, C. Lemmerz, E. Nagel, U. Paffrath, Y. Durand, M. Endemann, F. Fabre, and M. Chaloupy, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pan, J.

Petros, M.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, Opt. Eng. 46, 016002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

Rahm, S.

B. Witschas, S. Rahm, A. Dörnbrack, J. Wagner, and M. Rapp, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 34, 1371 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. A. Banakh, I. N. Smalikho, and S. Rahm, Opt. Lett. 39, 4321 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. N. Smalikho, F. Köpp, and S. Rahm, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 22, 1733 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Köpp, S. Rahm, and I. Smalikho, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 194 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rapp, M.

B. Witschas, S. Rahm, A. Dörnbrack, J. Wagner, and M. Rapp, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 34, 1371 (2017).
[Crossref]

Reagan, J. A.

J. T. Dobler, B. M. Gentry, and J. A. Reagan, Proc. SPIE 4484, 82 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rees, D.

U. von Zahn, G. von Cossart, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, G. Nelke, G. Baumgarten, D. Rees, A. Hauchecorne, and K. Adolfsen, Ann. Geophys. 18, 815 (2000).
[Crossref]

Reitebuch, O.

O. Reitebuch, C. Lemmerz, E. Nagel, U. Paffrath, Y. Durand, M. Endemann, F. Fabre, and M. Chaloupy, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rye, B. J.

B. J. Rye and R. M. Hardesty, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31, 16 (1993).
[Crossref]

Sandberg, S. P.

S. C. Tucker, W. A. Brewer, R. M. Banta, C. J. Senff, S. P. Sandberg, D. C. Law, A. M. Weickmann, and R. M. Hardesty, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 673 (2009).
[Crossref]

Senff, C. J.

S. C. Tucker, W. A. Brewer, R. M. Banta, C. J. Senff, S. P. Sandberg, D. C. Law, A. M. Weickmann, and R. M. Hardesty, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 673 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shangguan, M.

Shen, F.

Shentu, G.

Shu, Z.

Shun, C. M.

C. M. Shun and P. W. Chan, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 25, 637 (2008).
[Crossref]

Singh, U. N.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, Opt. Eng. 46, 016002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Smalikho, I.

F. Köpp, S. Rahm, and I. Smalikho, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 194 (2004).
[Crossref]

Smalikho, I. N.

Sun, D.

Tanner, M. G.

C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, and R. H. Hadfield, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 25, 063001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tucker, S. C.

S. C. Tucker, W. A. Brewer, R. M. Banta, C. J. Senff, S. P. Sandberg, D. C. Law, A. M. Weickmann, and R. M. Hardesty, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 673 (2009).
[Crossref]

Valla, M.

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

von Cossart, G.

U. von Zahn, G. von Cossart, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, G. Nelke, G. Baumgarten, D. Rees, A. Hauchecorne, and K. Adolfsen, Ann. Geophys. 18, 815 (2000).
[Crossref]

von Zahn, U.

U. von Zahn, G. von Cossart, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, G. Nelke, G. Baumgarten, D. Rees, A. Hauchecorne, and K. Adolfsen, Ann. Geophys. 18, 815 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wagner, J.

B. Witschas, S. Rahm, A. Dörnbrack, J. Wagner, and M. Rapp, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 34, 1371 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Weickmann, A. M.

S. C. Tucker, W. A. Brewer, R. M. Banta, C. J. Senff, S. P. Sandberg, D. C. Law, A. M. Weickmann, and R. M. Hardesty, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 673 (2009).
[Crossref]

Witschas, B.

B. Witschas, S. Rahm, A. Dörnbrack, J. Wagner, and M. Rapp, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 34, 1371 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xia, H.

Xue, X.

Yang, Y.

Yu, C.

Yu, J.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, Opt. Eng. 46, 016002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, Y.

M. Shangguan, H. Xia, X. Dou, C. Wang, J. Qiu, Y. Zhang, Z. Shu, and X. Xue, Chin. Phys. B 24, 094212 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, R.

Aerosp. Lab (1)

C. Besson, A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, N. Cézard, B. Augère, A. Durecu, L. Lombarb, M. Valla, and A. Hallermeyer, Aerosp. Lab 12, 1 (2016).

Ann. Geophys. (1)

U. von Zahn, G. von Cossart, J. Fiedler, K. H. Fricke, G. Nelke, G. Baumgarten, D. Rees, A. Hauchecorne, and K. Adolfsen, Ann. Geophys. 18, 815 (2000).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Chin. Phys. B (1)

M. Shangguan, H. Xia, X. Dou, C. Wang, J. Qiu, Y. Zhang, Z. Shu, and X. Xue, Chin. Phys. B 24, 094212 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, G. Canat, M. Valla, B. Augere, C. Besson, D. Goular, L. Lombard, J. Cariou, A. Durecu, D. Fleury, L. Bricteux, S. Brousmiche, S. Lugan, and B. Macq, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 441 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (1)

B. J. Rye and R. M. Hardesty, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31, 16 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (6)

O. Reitebuch, C. Lemmerz, E. Nagel, U. Paffrath, Y. Durand, M. Endemann, F. Fabre, and M. Chaloupy, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 2501 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. N. Smalikho, F. Köpp, and S. Rahm, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 22, 1733 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. Witschas, S. Rahm, A. Dörnbrack, J. Wagner, and M. Rapp, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 34, 1371 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. M. Shun and P. W. Chan, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 25, 637 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. C. Tucker, W. A. Brewer, R. M. Banta, C. J. Senff, S. P. Sandberg, D. C. Law, A. M. Weickmann, and R. M. Hardesty, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 673 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Köpp, S. Rahm, and I. Smalikho, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 194 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, Opt. Eng. 46, 016002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. T. Dobler, B. M. Gentry, and J. A. Reagan, Proc. SPIE 4484, 82 (2002).
[Crossref]

Supercond. Sci. Technol. (1)

C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, and R. H. Hadfield, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 25, 063001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Double-edge technique that adopts (a) a double-channel FPI and (b) a dual-frequency laser pulse.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic setup of the Doppler lidar. OS, optical switch; AOM, acousto-optic modulator; TA, tunable attenuator; EOM, electro-optic modulator; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; FBG, fiber Bragg grating; OS, optical switcher; IF, interference filter; FPI, Fabry–Perot interferometer; SNSPD, superconducting nanowire single-photon detector; AMP, amplifier; MCS, multi-channel scaler.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Timing sequence of the data acquisition of one wind detection cycle.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Transmission curves measured in March 2017 and typical Voigt fitting curves (solid line), (b) residuals that are relative to the peaks, and (c) calculated response functions that were measured over 10 days. The symbols represent the measured data, and the black lines represent their fitting results.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Raw lidar signals over 1 h, from left to right: N(fs,W), N(fs,N), N(f0,W) and N(f0,N).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Raw lidar signals, (b) zonal wind, (c) meridional wind, (d) horizontal wind, and (e) wind direction at 17:45, on March 15, 2017.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

One-hour observation results, from top to bottom: zonal wind, meridional wind, horizontal wind speed, and wind direction.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Q(ν)=[T0(ν)Ts(ν)]/[T0(ν)+Ts(ν)],