Abstract

Indium–tin–oxide nanowhiskers were employed as transparent electrodes in a liquid-crystal terahertz phase shifter. Transmittance of the device was as high as 75%. Phase shift exceeding π/2 at 1.0 THz is achieved in a 500μm-thick cell. The driving voltage required for the device operating as a quarter-wave plate was as low as 17.68 V (rms), an improvement of nearly an order of magnitude over previous work.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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