Abstract

A novel phase modulation parallel optical delay detector is proposed for microwave angle-of-arrival measurement with accuracy monitored by using only one dual-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator. A theoretical model is built up to analyze the proposed system including measurement accuracy monitoring. The spatial delay measurement is translated into the phase shift between two replicas of a microwave signal. Thanks to the accuracy monitoring, the phase shifts from 5° to 165° are measured with less than 3.1° measurement error.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Cao, H. P. A. van den Boom, R. Lu, Q. Wang, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1932 (2013).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

Z. Cao, H. P. A. van den Boom, R. Lu, Q. Wang, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1932 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (4)

2008 (1)

M. Jarrahi, T. H. Lee, and D. A. B. Miller, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 517 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

H. Ito, S. Kodama, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, T. Nagatsuma, and T. Ishibashi, J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 709 (2004).

Babbitt, W. R.

R. K. Mohan, Z. W. Barber, C. Harrington, and W. R. Babbitt, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF3.

Barber, Z. W.

R. K. Mohan, Z. W. Barber, C. Harrington, and W. R. Babbitt, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF3.

Cao, Z.

Z. Cao, H. P. A. van den Boom, R. Lu, Q. Wang, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1932 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Carpintero, G.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Chtioui, M.

Dinu, R.

Fice, M. J.

Fu, J.

Furuta, T.

H. Ito, S. Kodama, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, T. Nagatsuma, and T. Ishibashi, J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 709 (2004).

Harrington, C.

R. K. Mohan, Z. W. Barber, C. Harrington, and W. R. Babbitt, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF3.

Huang, H.

Ishibashi, T.

H. Ito, S. Kodama, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, T. Nagatsuma, and T. Ishibashi, J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 709 (2004).

Ito, H.

H. Ito, S. Kodama, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, T. Nagatsuma, and T. Ishibashi, J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 709 (2004).

Jarrahi, M.

M. Jarrahi, T. H. Lee, and D. A. B. Miller, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 517 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, S.

H. Ito, S. Kodama, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, T. Nagatsuma, and T. Ishibashi, J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 709 (2004).

Koonen, A. M. J.

Z. Cao, H. P. A. van den Boom, R. Lu, Q. Wang, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1932 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T. H.

M. Jarrahi, T. H. Lee, and D. A. B. Miller, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 517 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lelarge, F.

Li, W.

Lu, R.

Z. Cao, H. P. A. van den Boom, R. Lu, Q. Wang, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1932 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Luo, B.

Martí, J.

Miller, D. A. B.

M. Jarrahi, T. H. Lee, and D. A. B. Miller, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 517 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mohan, R. K.

R. K. Mohan, Z. W. Barber, C. Harrington, and W. R. Babbitt, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF3.

Muramoto, Y.

H. Ito, S. Kodama, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, T. Nagatsuma, and T. Ishibashi, J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 709 (2004).

Nagatsuma, T.

H. Ito, S. Kodama, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, T. Nagatsuma, and T. Ishibashi, J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 709 (2004).

Nuccio, S. R.

Pan, S.

Pan, W.

Parekh, D.

Piqueras, M. Á.

Ren, Y.

Renaud, C. C.

Rouvalis, E.

Seeds, A. J.

Tangdiongga, E.

Z. Cao, H. P. A. van den Boom, R. Lu, Q. Wang, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1932 (2013).
[CrossRef]

van den Boom, H. P. A.

Z. Cao, H. P. A. van den Boom, R. Lu, Q. Wang, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1932 (2013).
[CrossRef]

van Dijk, F.

Vidal, B.

Wang, Q.

Z. Cao, H. P. A. van den Boom, R. Lu, Q. Wang, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1932 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wei, C.

Willner, A. E.

Yan, L.

Yang, J.

Yao, J.

Yu, G.

Yue, Y.

Zou, X.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. Jarrahi, T. H. Lee, and D. A. B. Miller, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 517 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Cao, H. P. A. van den Boom, R. Lu, Q. Wang, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1932 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Ito, S. Kodama, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, T. Nagatsuma, and T. Ishibashi, J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 709 (2004).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

R. K. Mohan, Z. W. Barber, C. Harrington, and W. R. Babbitt, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWF3.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Principle of AOA measurement based on parallel optical delay detector.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup of AOA measurement based on phase modulation parallel optical delay detector.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured spectrum for (a) 180° phase shift, (b) 90° phase shift, and (c) 0° phase shift.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Measured optical power (circles) and theoretical trend (curve), Pmo=45.3dBm; (b) measured phase shift (dots) and their measurement errors (vertical bars), Pmo=45.3dBm; (c) measured phase shift (dots) and their measurement errors (vertical bars), Pmo=40.5dBm.

Equations (11)

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τ=dcos(ψ)/c,
φ=τ×ωm,
E(t)=E0exp(jω0t),
Eam(t)=Emexp(jωmt)Ebm(t)=Emexp(jωmt+jφ).
Eout(t)=12E0exp(jω0t)×n=[exp(jnφ)+exp(jθ)]jnJn(m)exp(jnωmt),
Eout(t)=+12jE0J+1(m)[exp(jφ)1]exp(jω0t+jωmt)12jE0J1(m)[exp(jφ)1]exp(jω0tjωmt).
P+1=14E02J+12(m)[exp(jφ)1][exp(jφ)1]=12E02J+12(m)[1cos(φ)],
P1=14E02J12(m)[exp(jφ)1][exp(jφ)1]=12E02J12(m)[1cos(φ)].
P±1=12E02J±12(m)[1cos(φ)].
Pn=Pm/P0,φ=arccos(Pn1)τ=arccos(Pn1)/ωm,ψ=arccos(τc/d).
Eout(t)=12E0exp(jω0t)[1+exp(jθ)]J0(m)+12E0J+1(m)exp(jφ+jθ)exp(jω0t+jωmt)+12E0J1(m)exp(jφ+jθ)exp(jω0tjωmt).

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