Abstract

We demonstrate the application of as-grown calcium barium niobate (CBN) crystal with random-sized ferroelectric domains as a broadband frequency converter. The frequency conversion process is similar to broadband harmonic generation in commonly used strontium barium niobate (SBN) crystal, but results in higher conversion efficiency reflecting a larger effective nonlinear coefficient of the CBN crystal. We also analyzed the polarization properties of the emitted radiation and determined the ratio of d32 and d33 components of the second-order susceptibility tensor of the CBN crystal.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Valasek, Phys. Rev. 17, 475 (1921).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Li and D. A. Bonnell, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 38, 351 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, Nature 432, 374 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. Varon, G. Porat, and A. Arie, Opt. Lett. 36, 3978 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Horowitz, A. Bekker, and B. Fischer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2619 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Wang, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, W. Krolikowski, S. M. Saltiel, and Yu. Kivshar, Opt. Express 17, 116485 (2010).
  8. W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, J. Phys. B 43, 215404 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Molina, M. O. Ramirez, and L. E. Bausa, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 709 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Ayoub, P. Roedig, J. Imbroack, and C. Denz, Opt. Lett. 36, 4371 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Eßer, M. Burianek, D. Klimm, and M. Mühlberg, J. Cryst. Growth 240, 1 (2002).
  15. W. L. Gao, H. J. Zhang, D. Liu, and M. Xu, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023507 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. M. Glass, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4699 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. N. Gvasaliya, R. A. Cowley, L. I. Ivleva, S. G. Lushnikov, B. Roessli, and A. Zheludev, “Random fields or domain walls of uniaxial disordered ferroelectric SBN,” arXiv:1206.2012 (2012).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. W. L. Gao, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, J. Q. Di, X. D. Xu, J. Xu, and M. A. Swirkowicz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1405 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Y. Sheng, A. Best, H. Butt, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and K. Koynov, Opt. Express 18, 128492 (2010).
  22. Y. Sheng, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, and W. Krolikowski, Opt. Lett. 37, 3864 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  23. V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Sheng, W. Krolikowski, C. Cojocaru, and J. Trull, Opt. Express 21, 25715 (2013).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

W. L. Gao, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, J. Q. Di, X. D. Xu, J. Xu, and M. A. Swirkowicz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1405 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Sheng, W. Krolikowski, C. Cojocaru, and J. Trull, Opt. Express 21, 25715 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, H. H. Xu, Y. C. Wang, J. Y. Wang, and V. Petrov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 061119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, and W. Krolikowski, Opt. Lett. 37, 3864 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

I. Varon, G. Porat, and A. Arie, Opt. Lett. 36, 3978 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Ayoub, P. Roedig, J. Imbroack, and C. Denz, Opt. Lett. 36, 4371 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

W. Wang, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, W. Krolikowski, S. M. Saltiel, and Yu. Kivshar, Opt. Express 17, 116485 (2010).

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, J. Phys. B 43, 215404 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, A. Best, H. Butt, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and K. Koynov, Opt. Express 18, 128492 (2010).

2009 (2)

P. Molina, Á. Garca, M. O. Ramírez, J. García-Solé, L. E. Bausá, H. Zhang, W. Gao, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Gao, H. J. Zhang, D. Liu, and M. Xu, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023507 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

P. Molina, M. O. Ramirez, and L. E. Bausa, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 709 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Li and D. A. Bonnell, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 38, 351 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

M. Ramirez, D. Jaque, L. Bausa, J. Garcia Sole, and A. Kaminskii, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 267401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, Nature 432, 374 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Eßer, M. Burianek, D. Klimm, and M. Mühlberg, J. Cryst. Growth 240, 1 (2002).

1993 (1)

M. Horowitz, A. Bekker, and B. Fischer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2619 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

L. E. Cross, Ferroelectrics 76, 241 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

A. M. Glass, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4699 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1921 (1)

J. Valasek, Phys. Rev. 17, 475 (1921).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

I. Varon, G. Porat, and A. Arie, Opt. Lett. 36, 3978 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, A. Best, H. Butt, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and K. Koynov, Opt. Express 18, 128492 (2010).

Ayoub, M.

Baudrier-Raybaut, M.

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, Nature 432, 374 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bausa, L.

M. Ramirez, D. Jaque, L. Bausa, J. Garcia Sole, and A. Kaminskii, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 267401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bausa, L. E.

P. Molina, M. O. Ramirez, and L. E. Bausa, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 709 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bausá, L. E.

P. Molina, Á. Garca, M. O. Ramírez, J. García-Solé, L. E. Bausá, H. Zhang, W. Gao, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bekker, A.

M. Horowitz, A. Bekker, and B. Fischer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2619 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Best, A.

Y. Sheng, A. Best, H. Butt, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and K. Koynov, Opt. Express 18, 128492 (2010).

Betzler, K.

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bonnell, D. A.

D. Li and D. A. Bonnell, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 38, 351 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Burianek, M.

M. Eßer, M. Burianek, D. Klimm, and M. Mühlberg, J. Cryst. Growth 240, 1 (2002).

Butt, H.

Y. Sheng, A. Best, H. Butt, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and K. Koynov, Opt. Express 18, 128492 (2010).

Chai, W.

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cojocaru, C.

V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Sheng, W. Krolikowski, C. Cojocaru, and J. Trull, Opt. Express 21, 25715 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, J. Phys. B 43, 215404 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, W. Krolikowski, S. M. Saltiel, and Yu. Kivshar, Opt. Express 17, 116485 (2010).

Cowley, R. A.

S. N. Gvasaliya, R. A. Cowley, L. I. Ivleva, S. G. Lushnikov, B. Roessli, and A. Zheludev, “Random fields or domain walls of uniaxial disordered ferroelectric SBN,” arXiv:1206.2012 (2012).

Cross, L. E.

L. E. Cross, Ferroelectrics 76, 241 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Denz, C.

Di, J. Q.

W. L. Gao, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, J. Q. Di, X. D. Xu, J. Xu, and M. A. Swirkowicz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1405 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Eßer, M.

M. Eßer, M. Burianek, D. Klimm, and M. Mühlberg, J. Cryst. Growth 240, 1 (2002).

Fischer, B.

M. Horowitz, A. Bekker, and B. Fischer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2619 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gao, W.

P. Molina, Á. Garca, M. O. Ramírez, J. García-Solé, L. E. Bausá, H. Zhang, W. Gao, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gao, W. L.

W. L. Gao, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, J. Q. Di, X. D. Xu, J. Xu, and M. A. Swirkowicz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1405 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Gao, H. J. Zhang, D. Liu, and M. Xu, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023507 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Garca, Á.

P. Molina, Á. Garca, M. O. Ramírez, J. García-Solé, L. E. Bausá, H. Zhang, W. Gao, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Garcia Sole, J.

M. Ramirez, D. Jaque, L. Bausa, J. Garcia Sole, and A. Kaminskii, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 267401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

García-Solé, J.

P. Molina, Á. Garca, M. O. Ramírez, J. García-Solé, L. E. Bausá, H. Zhang, W. Gao, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A. M.

A. M. Glass, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4699 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Gvasaliya, S. N.

S. N. Gvasaliya, R. A. Cowley, L. I. Ivleva, S. G. Lushnikov, B. Roessli, and A. Zheludev, “Random fields or domain walls of uniaxial disordered ferroelectric SBN,” arXiv:1206.2012 (2012).

Haïdar, R.

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, Nature 432, 374 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Horowitz, M.

M. Horowitz, A. Bekker, and B. Fischer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2619 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Imbroack, J.

Ivleva, L. I.

S. N. Gvasaliya, R. A. Cowley, L. I. Ivleva, S. G. Lushnikov, B. Roessli, and A. Zheludev, “Random fields or domain walls of uniaxial disordered ferroelectric SBN,” arXiv:1206.2012 (2012).

Jaque, D.

M. Ramirez, D. Jaque, L. Bausa, J. Garcia Sole, and A. Kaminskii, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 267401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

P. Molina, Á. Garca, M. O. Ramírez, J. García-Solé, L. E. Bausá, H. Zhang, W. Gao, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kalinowski, K.

V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Sheng, W. Krolikowski, C. Cojocaru, and J. Trull, Opt. Express 21, 25715 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, and W. Krolikowski, Opt. Lett. 37, 3864 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, W. Krolikowski, S. M. Saltiel, and Yu. Kivshar, Opt. Express 17, 116485 (2010).

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, J. Phys. B 43, 215404 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A.

M. Ramirez, D. Jaque, L. Bausa, J. Garcia Sole, and A. Kaminskii, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 267401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Yu.

W. Wang, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, W. Krolikowski, S. M. Saltiel, and Yu. Kivshar, Opt. Express 17, 116485 (2010).

Klimm, D.

M. Eßer, M. Burianek, D. Klimm, and M. Mühlberg, J. Cryst. Growth 240, 1 (2002).

Kong, Y.

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, J. Phys. B 43, 215404 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, W. Krolikowski, S. M. Saltiel, and Yu. Kivshar, Opt. Express 17, 116485 (2010).

Koynov, K.

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, A. Best, H. Butt, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and K. Koynov, Opt. Express 18, 128492 (2010).

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, J. Phys. B 43, 215404 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krolikowski, W.

V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Sheng, W. Krolikowski, C. Cojocaru, and J. Trull, Opt. Express 21, 25715 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, and W. Krolikowski, Opt. Lett. 37, 3864 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, A. Best, H. Butt, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and K. Koynov, Opt. Express 18, 128492 (2010).

W. Wang, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, W. Krolikowski, S. M. Saltiel, and Yu. Kivshar, Opt. Express 17, 116485 (2010).

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, J. Phys. B 43, 215404 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kupecek, Ph.

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, Nature 432, 374 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lemasson, Ph.

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, Nature 432, 374 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, D.

D. Li and D. A. Bonnell, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 38, 351 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

W. L. Gao, H. J. Zhang, D. Liu, and M. Xu, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 023507 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lushnikov, S. G.

S. N. Gvasaliya, R. A. Cowley, L. I. Ivleva, S. G. Lushnikov, B. Roessli, and A. Zheludev, “Random fields or domain walls of uniaxial disordered ferroelectric SBN,” arXiv:1206.2012 (2012).

Ma, D.

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

W. L. Gao, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, J. Q. Di, X. D. Xu, J. Xu, and M. A. Swirkowicz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1405 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Molina, P.

P. Molina, Á. Garca, M. O. Ramírez, J. García-Solé, L. E. Bausá, H. Zhang, W. Gao, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Molina, M. O. Ramirez, and L. E. Bausa, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 709 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mühlberg, M.

M. Eßer, M. Burianek, D. Klimm, and M. Mühlberg, J. Cryst. Growth 240, 1 (2002).

Petrov, V.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, H. H. Xu, Y. C. Wang, J. Y. Wang, and V. Petrov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 061119 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Porat, G.

Qian, L. J.

W. L. Gao, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, J. Q. Di, X. D. Xu, J. Xu, and M. A. Swirkowicz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1405 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ramirez, M.

M. Ramirez, D. Jaque, L. Bausa, J. Garcia Sole, and A. Kaminskii, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 267401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ramirez, M. O.

P. Molina, M. O. Ramirez, and L. E. Bausa, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 709 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ramírez, M. O.

P. Molina, Á. Garca, M. O. Ramírez, J. García-Solé, L. E. Bausá, H. Zhang, W. Gao, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ren, M.

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Roedig, P.

Roessli, B.

S. N. Gvasaliya, R. A. Cowley, L. I. Ivleva, S. G. Lushnikov, B. Roessli, and A. Zheludev, “Random fields or domain walls of uniaxial disordered ferroelectric SBN,” arXiv:1206.2012 (2012).

Roppo, V.

V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Sheng, W. Krolikowski, C. Cojocaru, and J. Trull, Opt. Express 21, 25715 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, and W. Krolikowski, Opt. Lett. 37, 3864 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, J. Phys. B 43, 215404 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, W. Krolikowski, S. M. Saltiel, and Yu. Kivshar, Opt. Express 17, 116485 (2010).

Rosencher, E.

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haïdar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, Nature 432, 374 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Saltiel, S. M.

W. Wang, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, W. Krolikowski, S. M. Saltiel, and Yu. Kivshar, Opt. Express 17, 116485 (2010).

Sheng, Y.

V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Sheng, W. Krolikowski, C. Cojocaru, and J. Trull, Opt. Express 21, 25715 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, and W. Krolikowski, Opt. Lett. 37, 3864 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, D. Ma, M. Ren, W. Chai, Z. Li, K. Koynov, and W. Krolikowski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 031108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, A. Best, H. Butt, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and K. Koynov, Opt. Express 18, 128492 (2010).

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, J. Phys. B 43, 215404 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Staliunas, K.

W. Wang, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, W. Krolikowski, S. M. Saltiel, and Yu. Kivshar, Opt. Express 17, 116485 (2010).

Swirkowicz, M. A.

W. L. Gao, G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, J. Q. Di, X. D. Xu, J. Xu, and M. A. Swirkowicz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1405 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Trull, J.

V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Sheng, W. Krolikowski, C. Cojocaru, and J. Trull, Opt. Express 21, 25715 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, V. Roppo, K. Kalinowski, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, K. Staliunas, W. Krolikowski, S. M. Saltiel, and Yu. Kivshar, Opt. Express 17, 116485 (2010).

W. Wang, K. Kalinowski, V. Roppo, Y. Sheng, K. Koynov, Y. Kong, C. Cojocaru, J. Trull, R. Vilaseca, and W. Krolikowski, J. Phys. B 43, 215404 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tunyagi, A. R.

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ulex, M.

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Valasek, J.

J. Valasek, Phys. Rev. 17, 475 (1921).
[CrossRef]

Varon, I.

Vilaseca, R.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Image of the random ferroelectric domain pattern in the xz plane of (a) CBN-28 and (b) SBN-61 crystal. These images were obtained by using Čerenkov SH microscopy. (c) Experimentally recorded transverse intensity distribution of the SH in the CBN-28 crystal. (d) Diagram of the phase matching for the SHG in the random CBN crystal. The gray disk represents the continuous distribution of reciprocal vectors in the crystal. Reciprocal vectors G1 and G1 phase match the collinear and noncollinear SHG, respectively. k1 and k2 represent the wave vectors of the fundamental and SH waves, respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Wavelength tuning curve of the SHG in the CBN-28 crystal for a constant input power of 2.0 mW. (b) Power of the SHG as a function of the average power of the fundamental wave at 1.36 μm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Wavelength tuning curve of the SHG in the SBN-61 crystal. (b) Power of the SHG as a function of the average power of the fundamental wave. The experiment parameters were the same as those used for the CBN-28 crystal.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Power of the extraordinary SH as a function of the input polarization angle of the fundamental beam in (a) CBN-28 and (b) SBN-61 crystals. 0° corresponds to the extraordinary fundamental wave. Points represent the experimental data; lines represent the theoretical fit using Eq. (1).

Equations (1)

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I(2ω)(e)I(ω)2(cos4α+Rsin4α),

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