Abstract

Fiber-optic parametric wavelength conversion (PWC) below the zero-dispersion wavelength of silica is typically constrained by the requirement of a small, tightly confined mode with anomalous dispersion to achieve phase matching. This limits the ability to power scale PWC at arbitrary wavelengths. However, the constraint is lifted for higher-order modes. We demonstrate PWC in the 1 μm band via degenerate four-wave mixing pumped in a large effective area (>600μm2) LP0,7 mode of a double-clad fiber. We obtain up to 25% conversion in to the Stokes line with 0.5 ns pump pulses, corresponding to 20kW peak power at the converted wavelength.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
  2. D. Nodop, C. Jauregui, D. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 34, 3499 (2009).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  4. J. D. Harvey, S. G. Murdoch, S. Coen, R. Leonhardt, D. Mechin, and G. K. L. Wong, Opt. Quantum Electron. 39, 1103 (2007).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2013 (3)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 429 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. M. Stone and J. C. Knight, Opt. Express 16, 2670 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

J. D. Harvey, S. G. Murdoch, S. Coen, R. Leonhardt, D. Mechin, and G. K. L. Wong, Opt. Quantum Electron. 39, 1103 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2445 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, Opt. Lett. 31, 1797 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andreksen, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P.-O. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

L. Wang and T. Erdogan, Electron. Lett. 37, 154 (2001).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. L. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

1976 (1)

A. A. Betin and G. A. Pasmanik, JETP Lett. 23, 528 (1976).

Alic, N.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2445 (2006).
[Crossref]

Alkeskjold, T. T.

Andreksen, P. A.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andreksen, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P.-O. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[Crossref]

Betin, A. A.

A. A. Betin and G. A. Pasmanik, JETP Lett. 23, 528 (1976).

Bhatia, V.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. L. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[Crossref]

Chang, R. S. F.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, P. Gregg, and S. Ramachandran, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CTu3K.4.

Coen, S.

J. D. Harvey, S. G. Murdoch, S. Coen, R. Leonhardt, D. Mechin, and G. K. L. Wong, Opt. Quantum Electron. 39, 1103 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 28, 2225 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dawson, J.

DiMarcello, F. V.

Djeu, N.

Drachenberg, D. R.

Erdogan, T.

L. Wang and T. Erdogan, Electron. Lett. 37, 154 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. L. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[Crossref]

Espindola, R.

S. Ramachandran, J. Wagener, R. Espindola, and T. Strasser, in Bragg Gratings, Poling, and Photosensitvity in Optical Waveguides, Vol. 33 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper BE1.

Fainman, Y.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2445 (2006).
[Crossref]

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ford, J.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2445 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ghalmi, S.

Gregg, P.

Y. Chen, P. Gregg, and S. Ramachandran, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CTu3K.4.

Hansryd, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andreksen, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P.-O. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[Crossref]

Harvey, J. D.

J. D. Harvey, S. G. Murdoch, S. Coen, R. Leonhardt, D. Mechin, and G. K. L. Wong, Opt. Quantum Electron. 39, 1103 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 28, 2225 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hedekvist, P.-O.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andreksen, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P.-O. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jauregui, C.

Jiang, R.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2445 (2006).
[Crossref]

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. L. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kelleher, E. J. R.

Knight, J. C.

Kudlinski, A.

Lægsgaard, J.

Lemaire, P. L.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. L. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[Crossref]

Leonhardt, R.

J. D. Harvey, S. G. Murdoch, S. Coen, R. Leonhardt, D. Mechin, and G. K. L. Wong, Opt. Quantum Electron. 39, 1103 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 28, 2225 (2003).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andreksen, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P.-O. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[Crossref]

Limpert, J.

McKinstrie, C.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2445 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mechin, D.

J. D. Harvey, S. G. Murdoch, S. Coen, R. Leonhardt, D. Mechin, and G. K. L. Wong, Opt. Quantum Electron. 39, 1103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Messerly, M. J.

Monberg, E.

Murdoch, S. G.

J. D. Harvey, S. G. Murdoch, S. Coen, R. Leonhardt, D. Mechin, and G. K. L. Wong, Opt. Quantum Electron. 39, 1103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Murray, R. T.

Mussot, A.

Nezhad, M.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2445 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nodop, D.

Pasmanik, G. A.

A. A. Betin and G. A. Pasmanik, JETP Lett. 23, 528 (1976).

Pax, P. H.

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[Crossref]

Petersen, S. R.

Popov, S. V.

Radic, S.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2445 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ramachandran, S.

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 429 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, Opt. Lett. 31, 1797 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Ramachandran, J. Wagener, R. Espindola, and T. Strasser, in Bragg Gratings, Poling, and Photosensitvity in Optical Waveguides, Vol. 33 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper BE1.

Y. Chen, P. Gregg, and S. Ramachandran, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CTu3K.4.

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[Crossref]

Russell, P. St. J.

Saperstein, R.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2445 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schimpf, D.

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[Crossref]

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. L. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sridharan, A.

Stone, J. M.

Strasser, T.

S. Ramachandran, J. Wagener, R. Espindola, and T. Strasser, in Bragg Gratings, Poling, and Photosensitvity in Optical Waveguides, Vol. 33 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper BE1.

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tassano, J.

Taylor, J. R.

Tünnermann, A.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. L. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wagener, J.

S. Ramachandran, J. Wagener, R. Espindola, and T. Strasser, in Bragg Gratings, Poling, and Photosensitvity in Optical Waveguides, Vol. 33 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper BE1.

Wang, L.

L. Wang and T. Erdogan, Electron. Lett. 37, 154 (2001).
[Crossref]

Westlund, M.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andreksen, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P.-O. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wisk, P.

Wong, G. K. L.

J. D. Harvey, S. G. Murdoch, S. Coen, R. Leonhardt, D. Mechin, and G. K. L. Wong, Opt. Quantum Electron. 39, 1103 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 28, 2225 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yan, M. F.

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. Wang and T. Erdogan, Electron. Lett. 37, 154 (2001).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andreksen, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P.-O. Hedekvist, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2445 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. L. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[Crossref]

JETP Lett. (1)

A. A. Betin and G. A. Pasmanik, JETP Lett. 23, 528 (1976).

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 429 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. D. Harvey, S. G. Murdoch, S. Coen, R. Leonhardt, D. Mechin, and G. K. L. Wong, Opt. Quantum Electron. 39, 1103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

Y. Chen, P. Gregg, and S. Ramachandran, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CTu3K.4.

S. Ramachandran, J. Wagener, R. Espindola, and T. Strasser, in Bragg Gratings, Poling, and Photosensitvity in Optical Waveguides, Vol. 33 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper BE1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Microscope image of the custom HOM fiber end facet. (b) Experimentally measured refractive index profile of the fiber, plotted relative to the index of silica. Red-dashed line shows simulated mode intensity of LP0,7 relative to the fiber dimensions. (c) Dispersion and (d) Aeff of LP0,m modes of a custom HOM fiber as a function of radial mode order. The bold lines indicate the LP0,7 mode used in this work; the vertical dashed line indicates the pump wavelength at 1.064 μm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Schematic diagram of the HOM PWC experiment. (b) Transmission spectrum of the LPG mode converter, with the pump and signal seed wavelengths indicated. (c) Measured image of the LP0,7 mode at 1.064 μm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Output spectrum of the PWC with the seed laser tuned to the MI peak at 1.030 μm. (b) Images of the fiber output recorded at the seed (1.030 μm), pump (1.064 μm), and converted Stokes (1.101 μm) wavelengths. (c) Time traces of the output pulse filtered through a 1.064 μm bandpass filter. (d) Time trace of the pulse filtered through a 1.1.00 μm bandpass filter.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output spectra of the PWC (black) as a function of seed wavelength. Seed laser spectra are shown in red. Percentage values indicate relative power of different spectral lines.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Simulated mode intensity profiles for (a) LP0,1 mode of PCF from [6] and (b) LP0,7 mode of our HOM fiber. (c) Relative intensity of these modes. (d) Power scaling of the HOM PWC relative to the PCF mode. Open circles show nonlinear scaling and closed circles show damage threshold.

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