Abstract

This Letter examines the diffraction of a vortex beam by a high numerical aperture of topological charge ±1 generated by conical diffraction. Our research shows the behavior of the vortex beam is similar to the one already observed for Laguerre–Gauss and Bessel beams. We also highlight a similarity between the phase singularity created by a lens and the one created by conical diffraction through a thin crystal. More precisely, if the input beam is homogeneously polarized, we show the electric field in the image plane of a thin crystal caught between two orthogonal polarizers has the same expression as Ez, the component of the electric field along the propagation axis, in the focal plane of a lens.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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