Abstract

We report on the experimental and theoretical investigations of enhancing the optical absorption of organic molecules in the weak plasmon–exciton coupling regime. A metal–organic hybrid structure consisting of dye molecules embedded in the polymer matrix is placed in close vicinity to thin metal films. We have observed a transition from a weak coupling regime to a strong coupling one as the thickness of the metal layer increases. The results indicate that absorption of the self-assembled J-aggregate nanostructures can be increased in the weak plasmon–exciton coupling regime and strongly quenched in the strong coupling regime. A theoretical model based on the transfer-matrix method qualitatively confirms the experimental results obtained from polarization-dependent spectroscopic reflection measurements.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, A. Armitage, S. Walker, and M. S. Skolnick, Science 288, 1620 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, T. Virgili, A. Armitage, M. S. Skolnick, and S. Walker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3316 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. S. Tame, K. R. McEnegy, S. K. Ozdemir, J. Lee, S. A. Maier, and S. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 7, 496 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, W. Hendren, R. Atkinson, W. Dickson, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 7, 1297 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Dintinger, S. Klein, F. Bustos, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. B 71, 035424 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. K. Hakala, J. J. Toppari, A. Kuzyk, M. Pettersson, H. Tikkanen, H. Kunttu, and P. Torma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053602 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Schwartz, J. A. Hutchison, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 196405 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Balci, Opt. Lett. 38, 4498 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, L. L. Jensen, D. Ahmed, M. Lu, L. Jensen, and T. J. Huang, Adv. Mater. 22, 3603 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Balci, C. Kocabas, S. Ates, E. Karademir, O. Salihoglu, and A. Aydinli, Phys. Rev. B 86, 235402 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. E. Gomez, K. C. Vernon, P. Mulvaney, and T. J. Davis, Nano Lett. 10, 274 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. E. Schlather, N. Large, A. S. Urban, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 13, 3281 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Balci, C. Kocabas, and A. Aydinli, Opt. Lett. 36, 2770 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Braun, B. Gompf, G. Kobiela, and M. Dressel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 203901 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. Kano and S. Kawata, Appl. Opt. 33, 5166 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Ikehata, X. Li, T. Itoh, and Y. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2232 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. Adato, A. Atar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, Nano Lett. 13, 2584 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  23. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

2013 (4)

M. S. Tame, K. R. McEnegy, S. K. Ozdemir, J. Lee, S. A. Maier, and S. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Balci, Opt. Lett. 38, 4498 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Schlather, N. Large, A. S. Urban, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 13, 3281 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Adato, A. Atar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, Nano Lett. 13, 2584 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

S. Balci, C. Kocabas, S. Ates, E. Karademir, O. Salihoglu, and A. Aydinli, Phys. Rev. B 86, 235402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

T. Schwartz, J. A. Hutchison, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 196405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Balci, C. Kocabas, and A. Aydinli, Opt. Lett. 36, 2770 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, L. L. Jensen, D. Ahmed, M. Lu, L. Jensen, and T. J. Huang, Adv. Mater. 22, 3603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Gomez, K. C. Vernon, P. Mulvaney, and T. J. Davis, Nano Lett. 10, 274 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

T. K. Hakala, J. J. Toppari, A. Kuzyk, M. Pettersson, H. Tikkanen, H. Kunttu, and P. Torma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Braun, B. Gompf, G. Kobiela, and M. Dressel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 203901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 7, 496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, W. Hendren, R. Atkinson, W. Dickson, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 7, 1297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. Dintinger, S. Klein, F. Bustos, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. B 71, 035424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Ikehata, X. Li, T. Itoh, and Y. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, A. Armitage, S. Walker, and M. S. Skolnick, Science 288, 1620 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, T. Virgili, A. Armitage, M. S. Skolnick, and S. Walker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Adato, R.

R. Adato, A. Atar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, Nano Lett. 13, 2584 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, D.

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, L. L. Jensen, D. Ahmed, M. Lu, L. Jensen, and T. J. Huang, Adv. Mater. 22, 3603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Altug, H.

R. Adato, A. Atar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, Nano Lett. 13, 2584 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Armitage, A.

D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, A. Armitage, S. Walker, and M. S. Skolnick, Science 288, 1620 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, T. Virgili, A. Armitage, M. S. Skolnick, and S. Walker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Atar, A.

R. Adato, A. Atar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, Nano Lett. 13, 2584 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Atay, T.

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ates, S.

S. Balci, C. Kocabas, S. Ates, E. Karademir, O. Salihoglu, and A. Aydinli, Phys. Rev. B 86, 235402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Atkinson, R.

G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, W. Hendren, R. Atkinson, W. Dickson, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 7, 1297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Aydinli, A.

S. Balci, C. Kocabas, S. Ates, E. Karademir, O. Salihoglu, and A. Aydinli, Phys. Rev. B 86, 235402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Balci, C. Kocabas, and A. Aydinli, Opt. Lett. 36, 2770 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Balci, S.

S. Balci, Opt. Lett. 38, 4498 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Balci, C. Kocabas, S. Ates, E. Karademir, O. Salihoglu, and A. Aydinli, Phys. Rev. B 86, 235402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Balci, C. Kocabas, and A. Aydinli, Opt. Lett. 36, 2770 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

J. Dintinger, S. Klein, F. Bustos, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. B 71, 035424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, D. D. C.

D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, A. Armitage, S. Walker, and M. S. Skolnick, Science 288, 1620 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, T. Virgili, A. Armitage, M. S. Skolnick, and S. Walker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, M. S.

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Braun, J.

J. Braun, B. Gompf, G. Kobiela, and M. Dressel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 203901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bulovic, V.

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bustos, F.

J. Dintinger, S. Klein, F. Bustos, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. B 71, 035424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Davis, T. J.

D. E. Gomez, K. C. Vernon, P. Mulvaney, and T. J. Davis, Nano Lett. 10, 274 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Deppe, D. G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dickson, W.

G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, W. Hendren, R. Atkinson, W. Dickson, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 7, 1297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dintinger, J.

J. Dintinger, S. Klein, F. Bustos, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. B 71, 035424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dressel, M.

J. Braun, B. Gompf, G. Kobiela, and M. Dressel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 203901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. Schwartz, J. A. Hutchison, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 196405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Dintinger, S. Klein, F. Bustos, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. B 71, 035424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ell, C.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Erramilli, S.

R. Adato, A. Atar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, Nano Lett. 13, 2584 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Evans, P. R.

G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, W. Hendren, R. Atkinson, W. Dickson, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 7, 1297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Genet, C.

T. Schwartz, J. A. Hutchison, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 196405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. M.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gomez, D. E.

D. E. Gomez, K. C. Vernon, P. Mulvaney, and T. J. Davis, Nano Lett. 10, 274 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gompf, B.

J. Braun, B. Gompf, G. Kobiela, and M. Dressel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 203901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Goodrich, G. P.

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 7, 496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hakala, T. K.

T. K. Hakala, J. J. Toppari, A. Kuzyk, M. Pettersson, H. Tikkanen, H. Kunttu, and P. Torma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

A. E. Schlather, N. Large, A. S. Urban, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 13, 3281 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 7, 496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hendren, W.

G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, W. Hendren, R. Atkinson, W. Dickson, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 7, 1297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hendrickson, J.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, T. J.

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, L. L. Jensen, D. Ahmed, M. Lu, L. Jensen, and T. J. Huang, Adv. Mater. 22, 3603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hutchison, J. A.

T. Schwartz, J. A. Hutchison, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 196405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ikehata, A.

A. Ikehata, X. Li, T. Itoh, and Y. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, T.

A. Ikehata, X. Li, T. Itoh, and Y. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, L.

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, L. L. Jensen, D. Ahmed, M. Lu, L. Jensen, and T. J. Huang, Adv. Mater. 22, 3603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, L. L.

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, L. L. Jensen, D. Ahmed, M. Lu, L. Jensen, and T. J. Huang, Adv. Mater. 22, 3603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, B. R.

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 7, 496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Juluri, B. K.

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, L. L. Jensen, D. Ahmed, M. Lu, L. Jensen, and T. J. Huang, Adv. Mater. 22, 3603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kano, H.

Karademir, E.

S. Balci, C. Kocabas, S. Ates, E. Karademir, O. Salihoglu, and A. Aydinli, Phys. Rev. B 86, 235402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

Khitrova, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

M. S. Tame, K. R. McEnegy, S. K. Ozdemir, J. Lee, S. A. Maier, and S. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Klein, S.

J. Dintinger, S. Klein, F. Bustos, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. B 71, 035424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kobiela, G.

J. Braun, B. Gompf, G. Kobiela, and M. Dressel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 203901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kocabas, C.

S. Balci, C. Kocabas, S. Ates, E. Karademir, O. Salihoglu, and A. Aydinli, Phys. Rev. B 86, 235402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Balci, C. Kocabas, and A. Aydinli, Opt. Lett. 36, 2770 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kunttu, H.

T. K. Hakala, J. J. Toppari, A. Kuzyk, M. Pettersson, H. Tikkanen, H. Kunttu, and P. Torma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuzyk, A.

T. K. Hakala, J. J. Toppari, A. Kuzyk, M. Pettersson, H. Tikkanen, H. Kunttu, and P. Torma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Large, N.

A. E. Schlather, N. Large, A. S. Urban, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 13, 3281 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

M. S. Tame, K. R. McEnegy, S. K. Ozdemir, J. Lee, S. A. Maier, and S. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

A. Ikehata, X. Li, T. Itoh, and Y. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lidzey, D. G.

D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, A. Armitage, S. Walker, and M. S. Skolnick, Science 288, 1620 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, T. Virgili, A. Armitage, M. S. Skolnick, and S. Walker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Loncar, M.

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lu, M.

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, L. L. Jensen, D. Ahmed, M. Lu, L. Jensen, and T. J. Huang, Adv. Mater. 22, 3603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S. A.

M. S. Tame, K. R. McEnegy, S. K. Ozdemir, J. Lee, S. A. Maier, and S. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

McEnegy, K. R.

M. S. Tame, K. R. McEnegy, S. K. Ozdemir, J. Lee, S. A. Maier, and S. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mulvaney, P.

D. E. Gomez, K. C. Vernon, P. Mulvaney, and T. J. Davis, Nano Lett. 10, 274 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nordlander, P.

A. E. Schlather, N. Large, A. S. Urban, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 13, 3281 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nurmikko, A.

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, Y.

A. Ikehata, X. Li, T. Itoh, and Y. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ozdemir, S. K.

M. S. Tame, K. R. McEnegy, S. K. Ozdemir, J. Lee, S. A. Maier, and S. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

Pettersson, M.

T. K. Hakala, J. J. Toppari, A. Kuzyk, M. Pettersson, H. Tikkanen, H. Kunttu, and P. Torma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pollard, R. J.

G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, W. Hendren, R. Atkinson, W. Dickson, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 7, 1297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rupper, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Salihoglu, O.

S. Balci, C. Kocabas, S. Ates, E. Karademir, O. Salihoglu, and A. Aydinli, Phys. Rev. B 86, 235402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schlather, A. E.

A. E. Schlather, N. Large, A. S. Urban, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 13, 3281 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Schwartz, T.

T. Schwartz, J. A. Hutchison, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 196405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shchekin, O. B.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Skolnick, M. S.

D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, A. Armitage, S. Walker, and M. S. Skolnick, Science 288, 1620 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, T. Virgili, A. Armitage, M. S. Skolnick, and S. Walker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tam, F.

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 7, 496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tame, M. S.

M. S. Tame, K. R. McEnegy, S. K. Ozdemir, J. Lee, S. A. Maier, and S. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tikkanen, H.

T. K. Hakala, J. J. Toppari, A. Kuzyk, M. Pettersson, H. Tikkanen, H. Kunttu, and P. Torma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tischler, J. R.

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Toppari, J. J.

T. K. Hakala, J. J. Toppari, A. Kuzyk, M. Pettersson, H. Tikkanen, H. Kunttu, and P. Torma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Torma, P.

T. K. Hakala, J. J. Toppari, A. Kuzyk, M. Pettersson, H. Tikkanen, H. Kunttu, and P. Torma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Urban, A. S.

A. E. Schlather, N. Large, A. S. Urban, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 13, 3281 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Vernon, K. C.

D. E. Gomez, K. C. Vernon, P. Mulvaney, and T. J. Davis, Nano Lett. 10, 274 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Virgili, T.

D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, T. Virgili, A. Armitage, M. S. Skolnick, and S. Walker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Walker, S.

D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, A. Armitage, S. Walker, and M. S. Skolnick, Science 288, 1620 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, T. Virgili, A. Armitage, M. S. Skolnick, and S. Walker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wurtz, G. A.

G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, W. Hendren, R. Atkinson, W. Dickson, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 7, 1297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoshie, T.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zayats, A. V.

G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, W. Hendren, R. Atkinson, W. Dickson, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 7, 1297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Y. B.

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, L. L. Jensen, D. Ahmed, M. Lu, L. Jensen, and T. J. Huang, Adv. Mater. 22, 3603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, L. L. Jensen, D. Ahmed, M. Lu, L. Jensen, and T. J. Huang, Adv. Mater. 22, 3603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Ikehata, X. Li, T. Itoh, and Y. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (5)

G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, W. Hendren, R. Atkinson, W. Dickson, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, Nano Lett. 7, 1297 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 7, 496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Gomez, K. C. Vernon, P. Mulvaney, and T. J. Davis, Nano Lett. 10, 274 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Schlather, N. Large, A. S. Urban, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, Nano Lett. 13, 3281 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Adato, A. Atar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, Nano Lett. 13, 2584 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

M. S. Tame, K. R. McEnegy, S. K. Ozdemir, J. Lee, S. A. Maier, and S. Kim, Nat. Phys. 9, 329 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Org. Electron. (1)

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

J. Dintinger, S. Klein, F. Bustos, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. B 71, 035424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Balci, C. Kocabas, S. Ates, E. Karademir, O. Salihoglu, and A. Aydinli, Phys. Rev. B 86, 235402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

T. K. Hakala, J. J. Toppari, A. Kuzyk, M. Pettersson, H. Tikkanen, H. Kunttu, and P. Torma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 053602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Schwartz, J. A. Hutchison, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 196405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, T. Virgili, A. Armitage, M. S. Skolnick, and S. Walker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Braun, B. Gompf, G. Kobiela, and M. Dressel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 203901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. G. Lidzey, D. D. C. Bradley, A. Armitage, S. Walker, and M. S. Skolnick, Science 288, 1620 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic depiction of the Kretchsmann configuration (KC) used for excitation of surface plasmons on the Ag film by polarized incident laser light modulated with an acousto-optic tunable filter. Intensity of the reflected laser light is measured by a silicon photodiode. Incidence angle is varied with a motorized rotation stage with 0.1° at each step. A plasmonic-dispersion curve is generated by recording the reflection spectrum of the incident light at each 0.1°. The chemical structure of a TDBC molecule studied is shown in the inset. (b) Absorption spectrum of the J aggregates embedded in a PVA matrix. (c) Fluorescence emission spectrum from the same sample excited at 485 nm (Horiba Scientific FL-1057 TCSPC). (d) Reflection curves obtained from the bare Ag film with varying thickness at an incidence angle of 42.2°. (e) Using the reflection curves in (d), minima of the reflection have been drawn.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental data showing the absorption enhancement of the J aggregates operating in the weak plasmon–exciton coupling regime. (a) Evolution of the polariton-reflection curves as a function of Ag film thickness. Concentration of TDBC is constant at 1.3 mM. (b) Evolution of the reflection curves as a function of the plasmonic-layer thickness. Transition from a weak to a strong coupling regime is observed at 30nm thick Ag film. (c) Absorption of J aggregates is enhanced with the increase in the plasmonic layer thickness. For films thicker than 30nm, the coupling is in the strong coupling regime and the absorption of TDBC is strongly quenched and thus not included in the graph.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Calculated polariton-reflection curves for 1.3 mM TDBC in the PVA matrix and with varying plasmonic-layer thicknesses. The blue and red regimes indicate the reflectivity minima and maxima, respectively. (b) The reflection spectra for 1.3 mM TDBC for various metal film thicknesses obtained from the dispersion curves in (a). (c) The reflection spectra for 5.0 mM TDBC for various metal-film thicknesses obtained from the calculated dispersion curves. (d) Calculated absorption enhancement of J aggregates as a function of metal-film thickness and J-aggregate concentration. The transition point from weak to strong coupling regime is shifted to the higher metal-film thickness values as the J-aggregate concentration decreases.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Enhancing absorption of Rhodamine 6G molecules. (a) Polariton-reflection curve from 20 nm Ag film coated with the Rhodamine 6G molecules in the PVA matrix. (b) Absorption spectrum of the Rhodamine 6G molecules in the PVA matrix. The inset shows the chemical structure of a Rhodamine 6G molecule. The green dotted lines show the position of the exciton-transition-energy levels in the absorption spectrum of the molecule.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ΩR=(4V2(γpγe)2)1/2,
kx=k0npsin(θ)=kspp1=2πλεm1εdεm1+εd,
kspp2=2πλεm22(εm2)2(εm1εdεm1+εd)3/2.

Metrics